Today, about 30% of the Earth's land is estimated to be already degraded due to unsustainable use. This further leads to the risk of millions of people being displaced by desertification over the coming decades. We focus on policy and technology solutions that prevent land degradation, restore and further enrich the quality of land, thereby improving livelihoods of people.



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    Discussion Paper

    Food and Land Resources: Incorporating Watershed-Based Approaches for Better Sustainability-Productivity Balance

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    Jewar international airport: Gender impacts of impending displacement

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    TERI Conducts Carbon Stock Assessment Fieldwork in Mehsana District, Gujarat

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  • climate change video


    The RFCTLARR Act, 2013: Are the outcomes fair?

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  • greenhouse gases


    वेटलैंड्स: एक बहुमूल्य प्राकृतिक सम्पदा

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वेटलैंड्स: एक बहुमूल्य प्राकृतिक सम्पदा

Ms Vaishnavi Barthwal

आज वर्ल्ड वेटलैंड्स डे है। दुर्लभ, लुप्तप्राय प्रजातियों, बाढ़ नियंत्रण, जलवायु परिवर्तन के प्रभाव को कम करने में वेटलैंड्स का बड़ा महत्व है लेकिन बढ़ते शहरीकरण, बाँध निर्माण, जलाशयों में अपशिष्ट के प्रवाह के कारण ये वेटलैंड नष्ट हो रहे हैं।

The RFCTLARR Act, 2013: Are the outcomes fair?

The land acquisition regime created by The Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement (RFCTLARR) Act, 2013 seeks to make the affected persons partners in development leading to an improvement in their social and economic conditions. Six years since its enactment, it is worthwhile to critique the Act and the implementation practices with respect to the livelihood-dependent families and women.

World Environment Day 2020: Cultivating biodiversity one backyard at a time

Acknowledging our interconnectedness to biodiversity might help in preventing climate-induced disasters and pandemics in the future.

India's forests and biodiversity can rescue migrants returning home in distress

TERI Web Desk

In the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic, as millions of migrants head home, without any promise of livelihood, India's forestry and biodiversity resources can offer a ray of hope. There are solutions and mechanisms in place, but they need to be implemented with conviction. Dr. JV Sharma, Director, Land Resources Division, TERI, explains.

जेवर अंतर्राष्ट्रीय हवाई अड्डा: महिलाओं पर विस्थापन के प्रभाव

प्रस्तावित अंतर्राष्ट्रीय हवाई अड्डे के लिए भूमि अधिग्रहण के बाद एक नई जगह पर विस्थापन और पुनर्वास पर महिलाओं की धारणा को समझने के लिए टेरी का एक अध्ययन ।


World Sustainable Development Summit 2024

February 7, 2024
to February 9, 2024

 7-9 February 2024 | New Delhi

Book Release: TERI Energy & Environment Data Diary and Yearbook (TEDDY) 2022-23

January 23, 2024
to January 23, 2024

TERI Energy & Environment Data Diary and Yearbook (TEDDY) is an annual publication brought out by The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) since 1986. TEDDY presents latest information on energy supply sectors (coal and lignite, petroleum and natural gas, power and renewable energy sources), energy demand sectors (agriculture, industry, transport, residential, and commercial sectors), and environment (local and global). It seeks to support policy research and decision-making by providing policymakers and researchers with the data which can be used to develop actionable solutions.

National Conference on COP26 Charter of Actions

October 13, 2021
to October 13, 2021

The 26th UN Climate Change Conference of the Parties (COP26), to be held from 1–12 November 2021 in Glasgow will aim to mobilize the action on mitigation, adaptation, and resilience, and strengthen the narrative for better alignment with sustainable development goals (SDGs).

COP26 Charter of Actions: Virtual Stakeholder Roundtable on Nature-based Solutions

August 26, 2021
to August 26, 2021

Accelerating economic growth along with equitable recovery is fundamental to sustainable development and climate action. Under the presidency of United Kingdom in partnership with Italy, the 26th United Nations Climate Change Conference of the Parties (COP26), to be held from 1–12 November 2021 in Glasgow will aim at mobilising action on climate change mitigation, adaptation, and resilience, and aligning them with sustainable development goals.

TERI-NMEPS: Online Wetlands Quiz

January 18, 2021
to January 26, 2021

Wetlands are highly productive and important ecosystems that help in sustaining the environment and humans. However, anthropogenic pressures are posing a grave threat to these ecosystems. To mark the importance of wetlands globally, World Wetlands Day is celebrated each year, as an effort to raise awareness and promote conservation efforts, particularly at the community level.

Climate Change Mitigation: Role of Forests within the Clean Development Mechanism Framework

November 10, 2020
to November 11, 2020

TERI is organising a two-day online training workshop for Indian Forest Service officers, nominated by MoEFCC, to discuss the theory and concepts of CDM in India.

Click here to download the reading material.


Leveraging carbon finance projects for a livelihood fillip

May 20, 2024
| Dr Jitendra Vir Sharma
| The Tribune

Carbon finance projects, particularly those focusing on ARR (Afforestation, Reforestation and Revegetation) and REDD+ (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation), are emerging as powerful tools for not only mitigating climate change but also uplifting the socio-economic conditions of farmers and forest-dependent communities, while simultaneously achieving Sustainable Development Goals. These projects help in either absorbing greenhouse gases from the atmosphere or preventing their subsequent release into the atmosphere.

COP 28: Advancing Global Equity and Sustainability

January 15, 2024
| Dr Yogesh Gokhale
| Employment News

A nation such as India is faced with the challenge of not immediately eliminating coal and fossil fuels but rather gradually reducing reliance on these pollution sources. Consequently, the onus falls on developed countries in the global north, the primary historical emitters, to significantly curtail emissions, says Dr Yogesh Gokhale, Senior Fellow, Land Resources Division, TERI.

India Charting a Sustainable Future amid Climate Change

December 11, 2023
| Dr Yogesh Gokhale
| Employment News

India has submitted its National REDD+ Strategy, it is yet to develop a robust, monitorable social and environmental safeguard mechanism. It is crucial for India to present the broader picture of REDD+ to develop sub national level projects tailored to the country's needs and those of other developing nations says Dr Yogesh Gokhale, Senior Fellow, Land Resources Division, TERI.

Leverage agroforestry for carbon markets

September 9, 2022
| Dr Yogesh Gokhale
| Dr Jitendra Vir Sharma
| The Financial Express

The country's agroforestry plantations play a key role in stabilising its forest and tree cover, estimated at about 24% of its area. Over 25 million hectares (mha) in the country are under the agroforestry system. Timber-growing agroforestry systems fulfil more than 80% of the domestic timber demand. India imports about 15-20% of its timber requirement, and that costs us more than Rs 40,000 crore annually. Over 159 mha can be potentially developed under agroforestry.

Preserve natural resources, promote farming

March 1, 2018
| Dr Shilpanjali Deshpande Sarma
| The Tribune

Tackling the agrarian crisis from its roots necessitates attention to the important aspect of the neglect and degradation of natural resources, the natural capital that underlies all agriculture production systems.


Will India attain its forestry NDC target of achieving 2.5–3 billion tonnes of CO2 equivalent through additional forest and tree cover by 2030?

February 11, 2021

India's forestry NDC target is ambitious and therefore requires a well framed-strategy and a holistic approach to be accomplished. This policy brief presents an analysis of the impending challenges and summarizes the possible recommendations and a road map for meeting the NDC goals by 2030.

Innovative financial mechanisms to achieve additional 2.5–3.0 billion tonne of CO2e through additional forest and tree cover in India by 2030

February 11, 2021

India's forestry funds require a considerable increase in their allocation, along with other immediate reform in the forestry sector, to achieve the nation's forestry Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) target. This policy brief underlines the challenges in achieving the ambitious target of forestry NDCs while laying down recommendations and a roadmap focusing on the need for innovative financial mechanisms.

Scope and potential of coastal ecosystem towards mitigating climate change

February 11, 2021

The key role of blue carbon in mitigating climate change through coastal ecosystem habitats remains unrecognized and unutilized. This policy brief aims to assess this carbon sequestration and mitigation potential of coastal ecosystems for India to achieve its forestry NDC target.

Designing the methodology to establish minimum support prices of trees grown outside forests

February 11, 2021

Agroforestry systems in India have the potential of achieving two-thirds of the forestry sector's NDC targets. This policy brief aims at analysing the status, potential and needs of agroforestry in India and the benefits of providing MSP to farmers for the timber they produce.

Baseline and quantification of sequestration of 2.5–3 billion tonne of CO2e by 2030

February 11, 2021

The present study focuses on analysing the gaps and challenges in attaining the desired NDC goal of creating an additional carbon sink of 2.5 to 3 billion tonne of CO2e through additional forest and tree covers through forestry, and summarize the possible recommendations and a road map for achieving the same.

Estimation of the current emission and sequestration, as well as future potential of sequestration/emission reduction to achieve land degradation neutrality in India

February 11, 2021

Understanding carbon sequestration potential of land use sectors is crucial for India to achieve its NDC target under forestry by 2030. This policy brief aims to do this by providing a detailed perspective on CO2 emission status of different land use sectors in India.



Senior Director, Land Resources
Associate Director, Centre for Sustainable Land Management
Area Convenor, Centre for Geospatial Technology Application