Research Papers

Preliminary assessment of heavy metals intake via food in CKDu affected Uddanam region of Srikakulam, Andhra Pradesh, India

Gupta Vidhu, Lal Kanhaiya, Sehgal Meena
| 2022

The present study aimed to assess metal/heavy metal intake by the population via food environment of the Uddanam region, a hotspot for chronic kidney disease of uncertain aetiology (CKDu) in India. The food samples included rice/paddy, marine/freshwater fish, green gram/black gram (whole), and green leafy vegetables (GLVs, i.e. amaranth/spinach). These were analysed for metal/heavy metal (chromium, nickel, copper, arsenic, lead, magnesium, calcium, aluminium, manganese, iron, zinc, barium, cadmium, mercury, and uranium) content using standard procedures.

Reducing the burden of anaemia in Indian women of reproductive age with clean-air targets

Chaudhary Ekta, Dey Sagnik, Ghosh Santu , Sharma Sumit, Singh Nimish, Agarwal Shivang, Tibrewal Kushal, Venkataraman Chandra, Kurpad Anura V, Cohen Aaron J, Wang Shuxiao & Jain Srishti
| 2022

India has one of the highest (53%) global prevalences of anaemia among women of reproductive age (WRA, 15–49 years). Long-term exposure to ambient fine particulate matter (PM2.5), a type of air pollution, may increase the prevalence of anaemia through systemic inflammation. Using a linear mixed model adjusted for potential confounding factors, we show that for every 10 µg m−3 increase in ambient PM2.5 exposure, the average anaemia prevalence among Indian WRA increases by 7.23% (95% uncertainty interval, 6.82–7.63).

Digitalized Welfare for Sustainable Energy Transitions: Examining the Policy Design Aspects of the Cooking Gas Cash Transfers in India

Yerramsetti Srinivas, Anand Manish, Ritz Adrian
| 2022

This article examines the extent to which digitalized welfare harmonizes the socio-economic goals of economic reform and low-carbon energy transitions in an emerging democratic context. It analyzes digitalized welfare’s effectiveness in facilitating sustainable energy transitions through market mechanisms using a centralized approach to welfare delivery. Using narrative analysis, this article describes the shift to the direct benefits transfers regime from a regime of indirect subsidies for cooking gas in India.

Exploring the structural aspects and therapeutic perspectives of cyanobacterial phycobiliproteins

Patel Stuti N, Sonani Ravi R, Diya Roy, Singh Niraj Kumar, Subudhi Sanjukta, Pabbi Sunil, Madamwar Datta
| 2022

Phycobiliproteins (PBPs) of cyanobacteria and algae possess unique light harvesting capacity which expand the photosynthetically active region (PAR) and allow them to thrive in extreme niches where higher plants cannot. PBPs of cyanobacteria/algae vary in abundance, types, amino acid composition and in structure as a function of species and the habitat that they grow in. In the present review, the key aspects of structure, stability, and spectral properties of PBPs, and their correlation with ecological niche of cyanobacteria are discussed.

Utilization of agricultural waste biomass and recycling toward circular bioeconomy

Kumar Sarangi P, Subudhi Sanjukta, Bhatia L. et al
| 2022

The major global concern on energy is focused on conventional fossil resources. The burning of fossil fuels is an origin of greenhouse gas emissions resulting in the utmost threat to the environment and subsequently which leads to global climate changes. As far as sustainability is concerned, fuels and materials derived from organic or plant wastes overcome this downside establishing the solution to the fossil resource crisis.

Air pollution causing heart diseases

Lal Kanhaiya
| 2022

AIR pollution poses as much health hazard as tobacco smoking, according to a paper published in Cancer Biology & Medicine (Zhao, 2019). Fine particles floating in the air, known as PM2.5, present the greatest threat to human health among the air pollutants. These microscopic particles are ten times finer than the thickness of our hair. While breathing in polluted air, PM2.5 quickly reaches our lungs and blood circulation and remains there for a long time.

Air pollution causing heart diseases

Lal Kanhaiya
| 2022

AIR pollution poses as much health hazard as tobacco smoking, according to a paper published in Cancer Biology & Medicine (Zhao, 2019). Fine particles floating in the air, known as PM2.5, present the greatest threat to human health among the air pollutants. These microscopic particles are ten times finer than the thickness of our hair. While breathing in polluted air, PM2.5 quickly reaches our lungs and blood circulation and remains there for a long time.

Evaluation of the anticancer potential of secondary metabolites from Pseudevernia furfuracea based on epidermal growth factor receptor inhibition

Kalra Rishu, Conlan Xavier A., Gupta Manish, Areche Carlos, Bhat Mamta & Goel Mayurika
| 2022

UHPLC/ESI/MS/MS profiling followed by bioactivity guided isolation of Pseudevernia furfuracea (P. furfuracea) extract yielded two polyphenolic molecules, Methyl haematommate (PF-1) and Atraric acid (PF-2). These molecules were evaluated for bioactivity against five cancerous cell lines. The results revealed that atraric acid showed significant activity against ovarian cancer cell line (PA-1) having GI50 at 16.42 mg/mL and moderate activity against the breast cancer cell line (MCF-7), having GI50 at 64.35 mg/mL.

Biosurfactant: A Next-Generation Tool for Sustainable Remediation of Organic Pollutants

Sharma Neha, Lavania Meeta, Lal Banwari
| 2022

Petroleum hydrocarbons are energy resources that majorly contribute pollutants to the environment. These pollutants may cause serious health issues, and hence, for the regulation of these contaminants, the development of sustainable alternative technologies has been considered, without causing further harm to the environment. One such alternative is biosurfactants (having low toxicity and being biodegradable) produced by numerous microbial species that have a tendency to remediate organic pollutants.

Library transformation: Entering the new normal

Kumar Nikhil, Bhattacharya PK, Malviya RN
| 2022

The main objective of this study is to examine the importance of digital libraries during the COVID-19 pandemic in dissemination of information services, to know the users’ perspectives towards its success and also examines the challenges faced by the libraries during this pandemic and also about how the librarians cope up with the challenges and function in the new normal situation.