Air

Much before air pollution emerged as a critical health and environment issue in India, we developed state-of-the-art capacities for studying air quality. Our research focusses on a range of issues, including ambient air quality and apportionment of contributing sources , indoor air quality assessment for urban and rural households, regional scale assessment, impacts on health and agriculture, and capacity building of stakeholders for better management. Our research and analyses have been taken into account by policy makers for improvements in various standards and policies.

air

NEW IN AIR

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    Infographic

    Air pollution and health in India: Evidence, impacts and mitigation

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    Position Paper

    Opportunities with Biofuel: Co-benefit of Air Quality Improvement

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    Press Release

    TERI, SDC launch Clean Air Project in India to reduce air pollution in four Indian cities

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    Article

    Nudging MSMEs towards natural gas to lighten Delhi's air pollution burden

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    Blog

    Can cleaner air reduce respiratory illnesses?

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Projects

Articles

Vulnerability Index Tool: Vulnerability assessment for health

Ms Meena Sehgal
,
Ms Vidhu Gupta

A prototype digital tool is being developed for state health departments in India to upload data, and the vulnerability index can be generated using the tool.

Air Pollution Health Effects online tool

Ms Meena Sehgal
,
Ms Vidhu Gupta

This tool was created in collaboration with researchers from North Carolina State University (NCSU), All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), Statconsulta and sponsored by DST.

COVID-19 lockdown: Cleaner air and health benefits

Ms Mahima Uttreja
,
Ms Meena Sehgal

During COVID-19 pandemic and subsequent lockdown, the clear skies and clean air have turned out to be the blessings in disguise for the millions affected due to air pollution in India.

अगले 10 साल हैं ज़रूरी: WSDS में होगी 2030 के लक्ष्यों को पूरा करने के लिए चर्चा

Ms Shweta
20 देशों के प्रतिनिधि आएंगे साथ एक ही मंच पर वायु प्रदूषण, ई-गतिशीलता, नवीकरणीय ऊर्जा, ऊर्जा दक्षता, हरित वित्त, नीली अर्थव्यवस्था, टिकाऊ खपत, कई मुख विषयों पर होगी चर्चा। सतत विकास में योगदान की होगी पहचान, सस्टेनेबल डेवलपमेंट लीडरशिप अवार्ड से नवाज़ा जाएगा।

Can cleaner air reduce respiratory illnesses?

Ms Meena Sehgal

The prototype tool has been developed by researchers at TERI, NCSU, AIIMS, Safdarjung Hospital and Vardhman Mahavir College, Statconsulta with support from DST.

वायु प्रदूषण से बचने के विकल्पों को प्राथमिकता देने की सख्त ज़रूरत

Mr Ajay Shankar

पिछले महीने उत्तर भारत में वायु प्रदूषण असहनीय स्तर पर पहुंच गया था। ज़हरीली हवा को देखते हुए दिल्ली-एनसीआर में जन स्वास्थ्य आपातकाल की घोषणा कर दी गयी थी। निर्माण कार्यों और पूरी ठंड के दौरान पटाखे फोड़ने पर प्रतिबंध लगा दिया गया। पर वायु प्रदूषण की समस्या सिर्फ़ दिल्ली तक ही सीमित नहीं है। भारत के दूसरे शहर भी वायु प्रदूषण से हांफ रहे हैं। दिल्ली के पड़ोसी राज्य उत्तरप्रदेश के प्रयागराज (इलाहबाद), कानपुर, आगरा, और लखनऊ भी प्रदूषित शहरों की श्रेणी में आते हैं।

Events

Webinar on Agricultural residue management: Solution to achieve better air quality

October 16, 2020
to October 16, 2020

Air pollution is a serious concern in India, which becomes even more severe during post-harvest seasons. Agricultural residue burning has emerged out as an important contributor to very high pollution levels during the months of October and November.

On 16th October 2020, 03:00 PM - 04:30 PM IST

Emission control in Thermal Power Station: Key Issues, Challenges and Way Forward

October 7, 2020
to October 7, 2020

The webinar aims to discuss key financial, regulatory, and technical issues and challenges in controlling emissions at thermal power stations

E-launch of 'A Fiscally Responsible Green Stimulus' report

August 24, 2020
to August 24, 2020

Recognising fiscal constraints, the report explores policy and regulatory interventions that would encourage private investment to provide a green stimulus to economic recovery in India.

2020 Clean Air Crowdsourcing Competition

December 24, 2019
to January 31, 2020

Attention all University Students!

With recent episodes of extreme air pollution in New Delhi calling attention to the problem in India, this is your opportunity to suggest ways of helping to fix the problem in the capital and elsewhere in the country.

Clean Air India: A photo contest

December 16, 2019
to September 15, 2020

We all know about the growing air pollution in our cities and villages. We are all acutely concerned about it. But can we visualise and bring alive, through the camera, India and its people in the clean air conditions we aspire to? Can we capture the inspiring realities of change brought about by our country’s efforts to make our air breathable?

Opportunities with Biofuel: Co-Benefits of Air Quality Improvement

December 3, 2019
to December 3, 2019

TERI is organizing a conference on 'Opportunities with Biofuel: Co-Benefits of Air Quality Improvement' on 3rd December 2019 in New Delhi to suggest possible modifications in the Biofuel preparation process in India from the air pollution aspect. These suggestions are based on the collaborative research study by Indian and Finnish research institutes.

News

Hope on air quality: How air quality in north India can be transformed within 5 years

March 4, 2020
| Mr Ajay Shankar
| The Financial Express

Air pollution in Delhi has been rightly described as a health emergency. In the Union budget, the finance minister enhanced the outlay for reducing air pollution to Rs 4,400 crore, almost a tenfold increase, and states should follow this lead. The National Clean Air Program, started over a year back, has the goal of improving air quality by 25-30%. Since the causes of, and mitigation measures for air pollution are better understood now, it is time to raise the nation’s ambition to getting fully clean air by 2025. Getting clean air needs smart interventions.

Poisoning air in the breath will be even more dangerous in 10 years, steps have to be taken together

December 31, 2019
| Ms Rozita Singh, Head of Solutions Mapping, Accelerator Lab at UNDP in India.
| Mr Martand Shardul
| Live Hindustan

Air pollution is a problem that has no immediate solution but will have to be constantly trying to reduce it. To deal with this, the government has also initiated several initiatives. For example, the Ujjwala scheme provides LPG fuel to the poor households who use solid biomass for cooking such as wood and cow dung. Pollution from the smoke emanating from it not only spreads but also has a bad effect on the health of women. Similarly, encouraging efforts are being made at various levels to promote low carbon technologies for power generation and transportation.

सांस में ज़हर घोलती हवा होगी 10 सालों में और भी खतरनाक, मिलकर उठाने होंगे कदम

December 31, 2019
| Ms Rozita Singh
| Mr Martand Shardul
| Live Hindustan

वायु प्रदूषण एक ऐसी समस्या है जिसका तत्काल कोई समाधान नहीं है लेकिन इसे कम करने के लिए लगातार प्रयास करते रहना होगा। इससे निपटने के लिए सरकार ने कई पहल भी शुरू की है उदाहरण के लिए, उज्ज्वला योजना उन गरीब घरों को एलपीजी ईंधन मुहैय्या करवाती है जो खाना पकाने के लिए ठोस बायोमास का इस्तेमाल करते हैं जैसे-लकड़ी और गोबर के उपले। इससे निकलने वाले धुएं से प्रदूषण तो फैलता ही है साथ ही यह महिलाओं के स्वास्थ्य पर ख़राब असर करता है। इसी प्रकार, बिजली उत्पादन और परिवहन के लिए कम कार्बन प्रौद्योगिकियों को बढ़ावा देने के लिए विभिन्न स्तरों पर उत्साहजनक प्रयास किए जा रहे हैं।

Wipe the pollution

December 6, 2019
| Mr Ajay Shankar
| IndiGo's inflight magazine, HELLO 6E

People walking the streets with N95 masks on, odd-even scheme coming into action for vehicles, schools shutting down to avoid further trouble... we're talking about that time of the year when air pollution becomes a major topic of discussion. The problem exists throughout the year and the reasons are plenty. All that is required is some administrative measures and small steps by individuals to curtail air pollution.

An invisible pandemic

November 16, 2019
| Mr R Suresh
,
| Mr Shivang Agarwal
| The Pioneer

Air pollution kills more people than poor diet, smoking, lack of physical fitness and high blood pressure do, put together. It is an ongoing public health emergency in India, claiming one in every eight lives. Larger portions of India's economy are being lost to health issues, reduced agricultural yields and damage to biodiversity and ecosystems caused by air pollution.

How to control crackers? Ban sale to individuals: TERI

November 14, 2019 |
November 14, 2019
The Times of India
TERI has recommended a ban on sale of crackers to individuals. A fixed quota of firecrackers could be given to RWAs to make Diwali a community-level activity, thereby reducing emission of pollutants.

Policy

Emissions control in thermal power stations: Issues, challenges, and the way forward

February 21, 2020

As per TERI's analysis, of the total environmental pollution in 2016, the power sector reportedly accounted for 51% of sulphur dioxide (SO2), 43% of carbon dioxide (CO2), 20% of oxides of nitrogen (NOx), and 7% of PM2.5 emissions.

Crop residue management: Solution to achieve better air quality

January 30, 2020

Residents of different cities (probably villages too) of India breathe some of the least healthy air of the globe. During 2017, about 76.8% of the population of India were exposed to annual population-weighted mean PM2·5 greater than the limit recommended by the National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQ: 40 mg/m3) (Balakrishnan, Dey, Gupta, et al. 2019). Over last five years, the annual population-weighted mean ambient PM2·5 concentrations were significantly higher over the Indo- Gangetic Plain (IGP) region in comparison to other parts of the country.

Fleet Modernization: A solution to achieve better air quality

December 10, 2019

India's transport demand has grown from a total of 5.3 million in 1981 to 230 million in 2016, with two-wheelers and cars having 73% and 14% share, respectively. Commercial vehicles though constitute only about 5% of the total fleet, contribute to nearly 80% of total PM emissions.

Phase-wise implementation of fleet modernization (transforming pre BS-IV commercial vehicles to BS-VI) would lead to a 40-80% reduction in PM and NOx emissions from the sector by 2025.

Opportunities with Biofuel: Co-benefit of Air Quality Improvement

December 5, 2019

While biofuels have been discussed as one of the ways to reduce air pollution, changing the process of bio-diesel production is needed to reduce tailpipe emissions of nanoparticles. These are lesser known pollutants even more harmful than PM2.5 and PM10.

Position paper on Improving Inspection and Maintenance System for In-use Vehicles in India

March 3, 2017

The transport sector is an important contributor to pollution in cities. The sector accounts for a significant contribution in PM2.5 concentrations in most Indian cities. In Bengaluru, the sector accounts for almost 50% of PM2.5 concentrations.

Advancement of Fuel Quality and Vehicle Emissions Norms to Improve Urban Air Quality in India

September 14, 2014

The health impacts of the deteriorating ambient air quality in urban cities worldwide are of serious concern. According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), one of the top ten causes of death is attributed to air pollution (WHO, 2010); diesel engine exhaust, for instance has been linked with increased lung cancer risk (WHO, 2012). Motor vehicles are one of the major sources contributing to air pollution at local, regional and global scale. India, which has the largest number of megacities in the world, is facing serious air quality problems in its urban areas.

Team

Director, Earth Science and Climate Change
Area Convenor, Centre for Environmental Studies