Energy Access

Despite the rapid developments in clean energy solutions, 1.1 billion people around the world still live without access to any form of electricity. We work on initiatives that use sustainable energy as a catalyst for socio-economic development of rural communities in a gender-inclusive manner. Innovations in technological solutions, business models, partnerships, and knowledge generation remain the cornerstones of our action-research.



  • lighting billion lives

    Discussion Paper

    Potential for electrifying Indian MSMEs

    Read more
  • micro grid installation


    Renewable Energy to Responsible Energy: A Call to Action

    Read more
  • micro credit


    Bringing down the sun to power India's small enterprises

    Read more
  • micro credit


    Firewood Consumption and Forest Degradation in Himalayan states: A Review of Research Gaps

    Read More
  • energy access


    Improving reliability for underserved communities: How lessons from Nigeria could strengthen the Indian electricity grid

    Read more



Tourism in the new normal post Covid-19: Is eco-tourism the solution?

Ms Rashmi Murali

The acknowledgement by policymakers, host communities, and even some travellers on the negative effects of mass tourism have led to formulation of policies on sustainable tourism

Sustainable tourism builds on the basic principles of local procurement while assimilating local culture.

Firewood Consumption and Forest Degradation in Himalayan states: A Review of Research Gaps

Dr Deborshi Brahmachari

The usage and dependence on firewood is more prominent in the Indian Himalayan region due to the additional requirements of room and water heating throughout the year

Improving reliability for underserved communities: How lessons from Nigeria could strengthen the Indian electricity grid

Dr Debajit Palit

Designed to help address the millions of customers who remain underserved in Nigeria, the undergrid model has wide-reaching implications for countries – worldwide – particularly countries like India, where reliable last-mile supply of electricity continues to be a challenge.

Bringing down the sun to power India's small enterprises

Mr Prashanta Kumar Swain

A study by TERI explored the feasibility and potential of solar PV applications in the MSME sector in rural India. Here's what it found

Can decentralised cold storage models be a piece of the puzzle in easing farmer distress?

Mr Amit Kumar

Decentralised models such as solar-biomass cold storage can help preserve horticultural produce, giving farmers the freedom to look for the best price and providing a buffer in uncertain times like the Covid-19 crisis

Ujjwala achieves target of 8 cr LPG connections but a lot remains undone

Mr Saswata Chaudhury

Providing LPG is necessary but not sufficient. The government needs to adopt supplementary measures to incentivize higher utilization of LPG to succeed in its objective of providing clean fuel.


Promoting clean energy for micro-enterprises in Uttar Pradesh- pathways for just transition and livelihoods’

November 2, 2022
to November 2, 2022

On 2th November 2022 | 11:30 AM - 01:30 PM

AES India and TERI Workshop on Innovative Solar Technologies and Battery Storage Solutions to Accelerate India's Decarbonization Mission

December 14, 2021
to December 14, 2021

The workshop through expert discussions aims to present technologies, share global experiences and deliberate on ways in which the overall objectives of sustainable growth of solar can be supported to accelerate India’s decarbonization mission

On 14th December 2021 | 02:30 PM - 04:30 PM IST

State Consultative Roundtable Dialogue on PM KUSUM and the Water-Energy-Food Nexus

July 7, 2021
to July 7, 2021

The consultative dialogue will present the key takeaways from the 'Guidebook for State Policymakers on Maximizing the Social and Environmental Benefits from Solar Pump Schemes'

On 7th July 2021, 1500-1700 hrs

Webinar on Clean fuel for cooking: Solution to achieve better air quality

September 29, 2020
to September 29, 2020

On 29th September 2020, 04:00 PM – 05:30 PM IST

National Workshop on Application of Solar PV in MSME clusters in India

July 30, 2020
to July 30, 2020

The webinar aims to share the findings of a study exploring the feasibility and potential of solar PV applications in manufacturing-based small-scale MSME clusters.


A credible G7 just energy transition partnership with the global south

June 25, 2022
| Mr Dipak Dasgupta, TERI and Mr Jean-Charles Hourcade is former Director of CIRED in France
| ET Energy World

The most difficult part will be financing the support to the social costs of the fossil fuel transition. In India, this involves displacement risks and costs to the very large coal and thermal power sectors, with over a million workers, several hundred thousand formal employees, pensioners, trade union workers, and social services. Transition plans will need to be designed, by the countries themselves, to allow least social cost and capture significant co-benefits (air quality).

Rural electrification: An unfinished task

June 23, 2021 |
June 23, 2021
India Together

Power connections are now available nearly everywhere across rural India. However, there is a long way to go before people in villages reliably get uninterrupted electricity that can help them live and work better. In the interview, Dr Debajit Palit, Director, Rural Energy and Livelihoods Division, TERI, explains what is left to be done.

Access is life

May 28, 2021 |
May 28, 2021
Environment of India

In an interview , Dr Debajit Palit, Director, Rural Energy and Livelihoods, TERI, explains one of India's great success stories, of almost universal electrification of households, as well as how far we have to go.

Our Journey Towards Energy Access Using Solar Domestic Systems in North-eastern India

January 26, 2021
| Dr Manjushree Banerjee
| Mr Ramchandra Pal
| AltEnergyMag

The rural households in Assam, in particular, those in the vicinity of forests and away from the main roads remain un-electrified. To overcome this challenge, the Numaligarh Refinery Limited along with The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) initiated energy access measures in a phase wise manner since the year 2015. Based on need assessment in the villages, Solar Domestic Systems (SDS) with four light points, one mobile charging point and one portable solar lantern was installed in around 140 households. The SDS was able to provide lighting up to four hours in a day.

Bridging the last mile: Accelerating access to cooking energy in India

April 24, 2019
| Mr Amit Kumar
| Economic Times

While 'fuel stacking'in the context of cooking energy is conventionally used more as an indication of progression along the fuel ladder, there is no reason for the rural users to restrict themselves to one primary cooking fuel or device only. The fuel stacking then may very well be thought of as using multiple clean fuels/devices, contingent upon requirements and convenience.

Shift from kerosene to solar to improve power supply for households: Study

April 18, 2019 |
April 18, 2019
ET Energy World

Switching subsidies from kerosene to off-grid solar products would improve electricity access for households still reliant on kerosene, according to a study by the International Institute for Sustainable Development and TERI.


Clean fuel for cooking: Solution to achieve better air quality

February 5, 2021

The discussion paper 'Clean Fuel for Cooking: Solution to Achieve Better Air Quality' aims to analyse and estimate the financial support that may be required to encourage Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana (PMUY) consumers to switch to LPG for cooking their major meals, over and above the existing subsidy and other financial incentives, as well as to identify a suitable financing strategy to support th

Opportunities with Biofuel: Co-benefit of Air Quality Improvement

December 5, 2019

While biofuels have been discussed as one of the ways to reduce air pollution, changing the process of bio-diesel production is needed to reduce tailpipe emissions of nanoparticles. These are lesser known pollutants even more harmful than PM2.5 and PM10.

An implementation plan for a kerosene-to-solar subsidy swap

April 25, 2019

A new report provides a six-step implementation plan for governments to switch kerosene subsidies to solar and ensure clean energy for all

Kerosene to solar PV subsidy swap: The business case for redirecting subsidy expenditure from kerosene to off-grid solar

August 21, 2018

An exploration of the idea of gradually moving from subsidies on kerosene to investing in off-grid solar technologies for marginalised households

Charging Power - Understanding Electricity Pricing and the Willingness to Pay for Electricity in India

February 15, 2017

The issue of energy access and the associated willingness to pay for energy services has been extensively researched and studied globally as well as in India. To provide useful recommendations for future electricity-pricing debates, this study undertook a comprehensive literature review and stakeholder interviews to examine and quantify the existing evidence on the Willingness to Pay (WTP) for electricity supply in India. It compared these findings with the current electricity-pricing mechanisms to derive recommendations on future electricity pricing and subsidy policies.

Solar PV for Enhancing Electricity Access in Kenya: What Policies are Required?

July 1, 2015

Modern energy services are crucial to human well-being and to a country's economic development; and yet globally over 1.3 billion people are without access to electricity and 2.6 billion people are without clean cooking facilities. More than 95 per cent of these people are either in Sub-Saharan African or developing Asia and 84 per cent are in rural areas (International Energy Agency, 2015).


CSR engagements to provide clean energy solutions

We customize and disseminate clean technologies to facilitate the energy starved population in benefitting from clean and affordable solar lighting solutions. This is done by replacing kerosene/paraffin lanterns with solar lighting devices, thereby facilitating the provision of better illumination, and a kerosene smoke-free indoor environment for women.

Impact evaluation of CSR intiatives

We help prepare impact evaluation reports of the CSR initiatives for communities.

Fellow, Area Convenor
Associate Director, Social Transformation and CSR
Area Convener, Cent. for Impact, Eval & Energy Access, Bang