Energy Access

Despite the rapid developments in clean energy solutions, 1.1 billion people around the world still live without access to any form of electricity. We work on initiatives that use sustainable energy as a catalyst for socio-economic development of rural communities in a gender-inclusive manner. Innovations in technological solutions, business models, partnerships, and knowledge generation remain the cornerstones of our action-research.



  • lighting billion lives


    Renewable Energy to Responsible Energy: A Call to Action

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  • micro grid installation

    Project Report

    Feasibility study for solar applications in MSMEs in India

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  • micro credit


    Bringing down the sun to power India's small enterprises

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  • micro credit

    Policy Brief

    Clean Fuel for Cooking: Solution to Achieve Better Air Quality

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  • energy access


    Improving reliability for underserved communities: How lessons from Nigeria could strengthen the Indian electricity grid

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Improving reliability for underserved communities: How lessons from Nigeria could strengthen the Indian electricity grid

Dr Debajit Palit

Designed to help address the millions of customers who remain underserved in Nigeria, the undergrid model has wide-reaching implications for countries – worldwide – particularly countries like India, where reliable last-mile supply of electricity continues to be a challenge.

Bringing down the sun to power India's small enterprises

Mr Prashanta Kumar Swain

A study by TERI explored the feasibility and potential of solar PV applications in the MSME sector in rural India. Here's what it found

Can decentralised cold storage models be a piece of the puzzle in easing farmer distress?

Mr Amit Kumar

Decentralised models such as solar-biomass cold storage can help preserve horticultural produce, giving farmers the freedom to look for the best price and providing a buffer in uncertain times like the Covid-19 crisis

Ujjwala achieves target of 8 cr LPG connections but a lot remains undone

Mr Saswata Chaudhury

Providing LPG is necessary but not sufficient. The government needs to adopt supplementary measures to incentivize higher utilization of LPG to succeed in its objective of providing clean fuel.

Lighting up homes and making cooking cleaner in Karnataka

Mr H H Ninga Setty

A pilot project in Karnataka's Chamarajnagar district brought solar lighting and clean cooking to the homes of the disadvantaged, saving fuel costs, reducing women's health risks, and providing employment opportunities

Does access to energy cause human development ? A Granger causality check

Dr Deborshi Brahmachari

Not many have looked into the causality between the percentage of a country’s population with energy access and the corresponding rise in its human development score


Webinar on Clean fuel for cooking: Solution to achieve better air quality

September 29, 2020
to September 29, 2020

On 29th September 2020, 04:00 PM – 05:30 PM IST

National Workshop on Application of Solar PV in MSME clusters in India

July 30, 2020
to July 30, 2020

The webinar aims to share the findings of a study exploring the feasibility and potential of solar PV applications in manufacturing-based small-scale MSME clusters.

Regional workshop on gender and energy

October 12, 2018
to October 12, 2018

The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) organised a regional workshop on Gender and Energy titled 'What drives the switch to modern energy?: Linkages and gender implications' in Raipur, Chhattisgarh on 12 October 2018.

Conference on accelerating rural development through enhancing energy access

July 17, 2018
to July 17, 2018

The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI), India, in collaboration with its partners, is hosting a regional conference on 'Accelerating Rural Development through Energy Access' in Patna on July 17 with the objective of sharing experiences around various interventions in the area of energy access with a view to scale them up in the state of Bihar.

Gender and Energy Workshop: Energy Access and Women's Changing Social Positions

May 22, 2018
to May 22, 2018

TERI is hosting a workshop on 'Gender and Energy: Energy Access and Women's Changing Social Position' in Bengaluru under the aegis of Gender and Energy Network India (GENI), to promote the exchange of ideas and collaboration on the theme of gender inclusion in sustainable energy access.


Our Journey Towards Energy Access Using Solar Domestic Systems in North-eastern India

January 26, 2021
| Dr Manjushree Banerjee
| Mr Ramchandra Pal
| AltEnergyMag

The rural households in Assam, in particular, those in the vicinity of forests and away from the main roads remain un-electrified. To overcome this challenge, the Numaligarh Refinery Limited along with The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) initiated energy access measures in a phase wise manner since the year 2015. Based on need assessment in the villages, Solar Domestic Systems (SDS) with four light points, one mobile charging point and one portable solar lantern was installed in around 140 households. The SDS was able to provide lighting up to four hours in a day.

Bridging the last mile: Accelerating access to cooking energy in India

April 24, 2019
| Mr Amit Kumar
| Economic Times

While 'fuel stacking'in the context of cooking energy is conventionally used more as an indication of progression along the fuel ladder, there is no reason for the rural users to restrict themselves to one primary cooking fuel or device only. The fuel stacking then may very well be thought of as using multiple clean fuels/devices, contingent upon requirements and convenience.

Shift from kerosene to solar to improve power supply for households: Study

April 18, 2019 |
April 18, 2019
ET Energy World

Switching subsidies from kerosene to off-grid solar products would improve electricity access for households still reliant on kerosene, according to a study by the International Institute for Sustainable Development and TERI.

Modi government flagship Saubhagya scheme achieves 95% target; universal electricity access close to reality

January 16, 2019
| Ms Astha Gupta
| Ms Bigsna Gill
| The Financial Express

In April 2018, the country achieved 100% village electrification—its first major milestone in this regard. This effectively means that now every village in the country has the requisite infrastructure and the network connectivity required to achieve the next major milestone, which is universal household electrification.

Electrifying India: Learnings from Ambedkar

November 28, 2018
| Dr Debajit Palit
| The Financial Express

The vision and blueprint for electrifying the country was formulated by B R Ambedkar in early 1940s as the chairman of the Policy Committee on Public Works and Electric Power. It was established in September 1943 and, by February 1945, Dr Ambedkar and his team had studied the problems and opportunities for electricity development in India and pursued provinces and states to impart a national perspective to electricity development. While India is almost on its path to achieve complete electrification, it has taken 75 years from the year Dr Ambedkar formulated the plan to electrify India.

Pollution is now a political subject, that's its big success: TERI chief Ajay Mathur

November 21, 2018 |
November 21, 2018
The Hindu

Dr Ajay Mathur, Director General of TERI is also a member of the Environment Pollution (Prevention and Control) Authority and has been part of India's negotiating team in earlier editions of the United Nations-convened Conference of the Parties (COP). In this interview, Dr Mathur speaks about the expectations from the Katowice Climate Change Conference and how to tackle pollution.


Clean fuel for cooking: Solution to achieve better air quality

February 5, 2021

The discussion paper 'Clean Fuel for Cooking: Solution to Achieve Better Air Quality' aims to analyse and estimate the financial support that may be required to encourage Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana (PMUY) consumers to switch to LPG for cooking their major meals, over and above the existing subsidy and other financial incentives, as well as to identify a suitable financing strategy to support th

Opportunities with Biofuel: Co-benefit of Air Quality Improvement

December 5, 2019

While biofuels have been discussed as one of the ways to reduce air pollution, changing the process of bio-diesel production is needed to reduce tailpipe emissions of nanoparticles. These are lesser known pollutants even more harmful than PM2.5 and PM10.

An implementation plan for a kerosene-to-solar subsidy swap

April 25, 2019

A new report provides a six-step implementation plan for governments to switch kerosene subsidies to solar and ensure clean energy for all

Kerosene to solar PV subsidy swap: The business case for redirecting subsidy expenditure from kerosene to off-grid solar

August 21, 2018

An exploration of the idea of gradually moving from subsidies on kerosene to investing in off-grid solar technologies for marginalised households

Charging Power - Understanding Electricity Pricing and the Willingness to Pay for Electricity in India

February 15, 2017

The issue of energy access and the associated willingness to pay for energy services has been extensively researched and studied globally as well as in India. To provide useful recommendations for future electricity-pricing debates, this study undertook a comprehensive literature review and stakeholder interviews to examine and quantify the existing evidence on the Willingness to Pay (WTP) for electricity supply in India. It compared these findings with the current electricity-pricing mechanisms to derive recommendations on future electricity pricing and subsidy policies.

Solar PV for Enhancing Electricity Access in Kenya: What Policies are Required?

July 1, 2015

Modern energy services are crucial to human well-being and to a country's economic development; and yet globally over 1.3 billion people are without access to electricity and 2.6 billion people are without clean cooking facilities. More than 95 per cent of these people are either in Sub-Saharan African or developing Asia and 84 per cent are in rural areas (International Energy Agency, 2015).


CSR engagements to provide clean energy solutions

We customize and disseminate clean technologies to facilitate the energy starved population in benefitting from clean and affordable solar lighting solutions. This is done by replacing kerosene/paraffin lanterns with solar lighting devices, thereby facilitating the provision of better illumination, and a kerosene smoke-free indoor environment for women.

Impact evaluation of CSR intiatives

We help prepare impact evaluation reports of the CSR initiatives for communities.

Director, Rural Energy and Livelihoods
Area Convener, Centre for Rural Action
Area Convener, Cent. for Impact, Eval & Energy Access, Bang
Senior Director, Social Transformation