Energy Access

Despite the rapid developments in clean energy solutions, 1.1 billion people around the world still live without access to any form of electricity. We work on initiatives that use sustainable energy as a catalyst for socio-economic development of rural communities in a gender-inclusive manner. Innovations in technological solutions, business models, partnerships, and knowledge generation remain the cornerstones of our action-research.



  • lighting billion lives


    Ujjwala achieves target of 8 cr LPG connections but a lot remains undone

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  • micro grid installation

    Project Report

    Electricity access and women empowerment: Is there a connection?

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  • micro credit


    The Saubhagya effect on power distribution utilities

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  • micro credit

    Case Study

    Lighting up homes and making cooking cleaner in Karnataka

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  • energy access


    A biomass-solar combination for cold storage of farm produce

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Ujjwala achieves target of 8 cr LPG connections but a lot remains undone

Mr Saswata Chaudhury

Providing LPG is necessary but not sufficient. The government needs to adopt supplementary measures to incentivize higher utilization of LPG to succeed in its objective of providing clean fuel.

Lighting up homes and making cooking cleaner in Karnataka

Mr H H Ninga Setty

A pilot project in Karnataka's Chamarajnagar district brought solar lighting and clean cooking to the homes of the disadvantaged, saving fuel costs, reducing women's health risks, and providing employment opportunities

Does access to energy cause human development ? A Granger causality check

Mr Deborshi Brahmachari

Not many have looked into the causality between the percentage of a country’s population with energy access and the corresponding rise in its human development score

Boosting consumer confidence in solar lighting with a million+ solar LEDs

Mr Martand Shardul
Mr Debajit Palit

Much before urban India, the country's rural population had endorsed LED-based solar lighting. Initiatives such as LaBL share the credit of boosting consumer confidence in such products.

Transcending the challenges: Provisioning universal access to electricity

Mr Martand Shardul
Mr Debajit Palit

Bridging the electricity access gap has necessitated innovation in terms of product design, business models, service delivery systems, tariffs, financial instruments, and capacity building strategies

The women of Ujjwala

Evaluating the Ujjwala scheme through the lens of women empowerment and gender equality


Regional workshop on gender and energy

October 12, 2018
to October 12, 2018

The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) organised a regional workshop on Gender and Energy titled 'What drives the switch to modern energy?: Linkages and gender implications' in Raipur, Chhattisgarh on 12 October 2018.

Conference on accelerating rural development through enhancing energy access

July 17, 2018
to July 17, 2018

The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI), India, in collaboration with its partners, is hosting a regional conference on 'Accelerating Rural Development through Energy Access' in Patna on July 17 with the objective of sharing experiences around various interventions in the area of energy access with a view to scale them up in the state of Bihar.

Gender and Energy Workshop: Energy Access and Women's Changing Social Positions

May 22, 2018
to May 22, 2018

TERI is hosting a workshop on 'Gender and Energy: Energy Access and Women's Changing Social Position' in Bengaluru under the aegis of Gender and Energy Network India (GENI), to promote the exchange of ideas and collaboration on the theme of gender inclusion in sustainable energy access.

TERI-ITEC Courses 2017-18: Course VIII - Integrated approach towards sustainable development

March 12, 2018
to March 29, 2018


TERI is empanelled by the Indian Technical and Economic Cooperation (ITEC), Government of India, for this programme. Under the TERI-ITEC programme, eight courses are being offered for the year 2017-18.

TERI-ITEC Courses 2017-18: Course VII - Natural Resource Security: Governance, Challenges and Opportunities

February 19, 2018
to March 9, 2018


TERI is empanelled by the Indian Technical and Economic Cooperation (ITEC), Government of India, for this programme. Under the TERI-ITEC programme, eight courses are being offered for the year 2017-18.


Bridging the last mile: Accelerating access to cooking energy in India

April 24, 2019
| Amit Kumar
| Economic Times

While 'fuel stacking'in the context of cooking energy is conventionally used more as an indication of progression along the fuel ladder, there is no reason for the rural users to restrict themselves to one primary cooking fuel or device only. The fuel stacking then may very well be thought of as using multiple clean fuels/devices, contingent upon requirements and convenience.

Shift from kerosene to solar to improve power supply for households: Study

April 18, 2019 |
April 18, 2019
ET Energy World

Switching subsidies from kerosene to off-grid solar products would improve electricity access for households still reliant on kerosene, according to a study by the International Institute for Sustainable Development and TERI.

Modi government flagship Saubhagya scheme achieves 95% target; universal electricity access close to reality

January 16, 2019
| Ms Astha Gupta
| Ms Bigsna Gill
| The Financial Express

In April 2018, the country achieved 100% village electrification—its first major milestone in this regard. This effectively means that now every village in the country has the requisite infrastructure and the network connectivity required to achieve the next major milestone, which is universal household electrification.

Electrifying India: Learnings from Ambedkar

November 28, 2018
| Mr Debajit Palit
| The Financial Express

The vision and blueprint for electrifying the country was formulated by B R Ambedkar in early 1940s as the chairman of the Policy Committee on Public Works and Electric Power. It was established in September 1943 and, by February 1945, Dr Ambedkar and his team had studied the problems and opportunities for electricity development in India and pursued provinces and states to impart a national perspective to electricity development. While India is almost on its path to achieve complete electrification, it has taken 75 years from the year Dr Ambedkar formulated the plan to electrify India.

Pollution is now a political subject, that's its big success: TERI chief Ajay Mathur

November 21, 2018 |
November 21, 2018
The Hindu

Dr Ajay Mathur, Director General of TERI is also a member of the Environment Pollution (Prevention and Control) Authority and has been part of India's negotiating team in earlier editions of the United Nations-convened Conference of the Parties (COP). In this interview, Dr Mathur speaks about the expectations from the Katowice Climate Change Conference and how to tackle pollution.

We should run our kitchens on electricity

October 12, 2018
| Mr Ajay Shankar
| The Hindu Business Line

India has, in just over a decade, achieved extraordinary success in extending electricity access through its national programme. About 1,25,000 villages have been electrified and 500 million people have got access to electricity. Village electrification has been completed. Household electrification under the Saubhagya scheme is expected to be completed by 2020, if not earlier.


An implementation plan for a kerosene-to-solar subsidy swap

April 25, 2019

A new report provides a six-step implementation plan for governments to switch kerosene subsidies to solar and ensure clean energy for all

Kerosene to solar PV subsidy swap: The business case for redirecting subsidy expenditure from kerosene to off-grid solar

August 21, 2018

An exploration of the idea of gradually moving from subsidies on kerosene to investing in off-grid solar technologies for marginalised households

Charging Power - Understanding Electricity Pricing and the Willingness to Pay for Electricity in India

February 15, 2017

The issue of energy access and the associated willingness to pay for energy services has been extensively researched and studied globally as well as in India. To provide useful recommendations for future electricity-pricing debates, this study undertook a comprehensive literature review and stakeholder interviews to examine and quantify the existing evidence on the Willingness to Pay (WTP) for electricity supply in India. It compared these findings with the current electricity-pricing mechanisms to derive recommendations on future electricity pricing and subsidy policies.

Solar PV for Enhancing Electricity Access in Kenya: What Policies are Required?

July 1, 2015

Modern energy services are crucial to human well-being and to a country's economic development; and yet globally over 1.3 billion people are without access to electricity and 2.6 billion people are without clean cooking facilities. More than 95 per cent of these people are either in Sub-Saharan African or developing Asia and 84 per cent are in rural areas (International Energy Agency, 2015).

Bundling Improved Cooking and Lighting Technology for Energy Access

June 8, 2015

There is no definitive understanding of what energy services are entailed in 'access to energy' for a household. The Global Tracking Framework of SE4All1 provides a comprehensive definition of energy access-positing that a household in the basic 'tier' of energy access has 'task lighting and phone charging' and a 'manufactured solid-fuel cookstove with conformity, convenience, and adequacy'. India has 75 million households without access to electricity.2 The situation with regard to cooking energy is more overwhelming-166 million households depend on solid fuels3 for their cooking needs.

Discussion Paper : Mainstreaming Gender in Improved Cookstove Value Chains

June 3, 2015

Lack of convenient, reliable, and affordable access to clean cookstoves risks the lives and livelihoods of millions of women in rural India. In the patriarchal rural society, cooking and collection of fuel are tasks typically performed by women (Dutta 2003). Household air pollution, primarily from inefficient cookstoves, leads to 1.04 million premature deaths in India annually (Balakrishnan, Cohen and Smith 2014), disproportionately affecting women and young children. Women spend a considerable amount of time, effort, and money collecting fuel wood (Sehjpal et al.


CSR engagements to provide clean energy solutions

We customize and disseminate clean technologies to facilitate the energy starved population in benefitting from clean and affordable solar lighting solutions. This is done by replacing kerosene/paraffin lanterns with solar lighting devices, thereby facilitating the provision of better illumination, and a kerosene smoke-free indoor environment for women.

Impact evaluation of CSR intiatives

We help prepare impact evaluation reports of the CSR initiatives for communities.


Director, Rural Energy and Livelihoods
Area Convenor, Centre for Rural Action
Area Convenor, Cent. for Impact, Eval & Energy Access, Bang
Senior Director, Social Transformation