Our work in the transport sector aims at low-carbon modes of transport that are sustainable and inclusive in nature. We have pioneered policy research in this sector with expertise in issues related to energy efficiency and emissions modeling. Among others, our focus areas include electric vehicles, railways, urban transport.



  • water security

    Project Report

    Freight Greenhouse Gas Calculator

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  • oilzapper


    COVID-19 lockdown: Impacts on the auto-rickshaw community

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  • low carbon

    Project Report

    Roadmap for Electrification of Urban Freight in India

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  • transport video


    Don't miss the bus: Providing sustainable mobility for urban India

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    indian railways


    Future of electric auto-rickshaws in India

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Truck on Train: Finding a Win-Win Solution

Ms Palak Passi

Trucks have gradually become a dominant mode of freight transport, replacing the railway, the traditional bulk commodity carrier. Crisscrossing through the country, trucks are responsible for nearly 40 percent of carbon emissions and air pollution in the urban areas.[1]

Readiness and Capacity Needs Assessment for Electric Vehicle Adoption in Indian Cities

Global dependence on fossil fuels in the transport sector has been a key driver of climate change and air pollution. In India, motorized transport accounts for a large share of the country’s total GHG emissions. Therefore, the swift replacement of internal combustion engines (ICE Vehicles) with Electric Vehicles (EVs) is imperative to decarbonize India’s transport sector.

Road to contain climate change

Mr S Sundar
Mr Sharif Qamar

Roads and railways bind a nation and bring people together. They facilitate the achievement of SDGs, as without adequate mobility, SDGs cannot be achieved and sustained.

What would make Indians buy EVs? Our survey has some answers

Mr Parmeet Singh

TERI's survey on consumer perception of electric vehicles (EVs) revealed that issues like upfront cost, battery replacement, and range anxiety are topmost concerns for people considering buying an EV.

Future of electric auto-rickshaws in India

Mr Shri Prakash

In the post-COVID scenario, the predicted demand of the three-wheeler sector might increase and a shift of commuters from app-based taxies may be expected. To promote electric mobility in India, auto-rickshaws can play a vital role as frontrunners.


Opportunity for Low-Emission transportation in South Asia, Pacific & African regions

July 29, 2022
to July 29, 2022

On 29th July 2022 | 09:30 AM - 10:30 AM

Webinar on Decarbonising Road transport sector in India- Policy and technology options

March 11, 2022
to March 11, 2022

The event will see experts across sectors discuss the opportunities & need to shift the road transport sector to decarbonisation pathways along with the launch of a policy brief on 'Low Carbon Pathways for the Road Transport Sector in India'.

On 11th March 2022, 11:30 AM to 1:00 PM IST

National Conference on COP26 Charter of Actions

October 13, 2021
to October 13, 2021

The 26th UN Climate Change Conference of the Parties (COP26), to be held from 1–12 November 2021 in Glasgow will aim to mobilize the action on mitigation, adaptation, and resilience, and strengthen the narrative for better alignment with sustainable development goals (SDGs).

COP26 Charter of Actions: Virtual Stakeholder Roundtable on Sustainable Mobility

August 31, 2021
to August 31, 2021

Accelerating economic growth along with equitable recovery is fundamental to sustainable development and climate action. Under the presidency of United Kingdom in partnership with Italy, the 26th United Nations Climate Change Conference of the Parties (COP26), to be held from 1–12 November 2021 in Glasgow will aim at mobilising action on climate change mitigation, adaptation, and resilience, and aligning them with sustainable development goals.

Report Launch and Discussion on the Roadmap for Electrification of Urban Freight in India

December 18, 2020
to December 18, 2020

TERI, with the support of Shakti Sustainable Energy Foundation (SSEF), is organising a virtual event on decarbonising the urban freight sector in India.


Cities as global actors: Enhancing urban leadership at G20

January 30, 2023
| Ms Rhea Srivastava
| The Economic Times

When countries negotiate climate action at high-profile international forums, local perspectives and leadership largely remain on the sidelines. According to UN predictions, by 2050, 75% of the world’s population would reside in urban areas. As a result, local leadership and governance will have an increasingly significant global impact, writes Rhea Srivastava, Research Associate, Transport and Urban Governance Division, TERI. As part of the UN’s 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, a sustainable and resilient urban future is a global goal.

To scale up freight loading onto IR, it is necessary to optimise the turnaround time, says Viral Joshi of TERI

September 20, 2022
| Ms Viral Joshi
| ET Infra

Indian Railways has laid down an ambitious action plan to achieve 3000 MT loading by 2027. Railways being the most efficient mode of transport, modal shift to railways is crucial in achieving desired emission reduction and India's Nationally Determined Contributions targets. To scale up freight loading onto Indian Railways (IR), it is necessary to optimise the turnaround time - time when the wagon becomes available for the next loading. IR should augment more investment for developing efficient terminals.

World EV Day : Industry pitches for sustainable electric vehicle ecosystem

September 9, 2022 |
September 9, 2022
The Economic Times

TERI and International Council for Clean Transportation have lauded the Delhi government's action plan to install 18,000 new charging stations by 2024, noting that similar strategies can be replicated in other states for supporting widespread adoption of electric vehicles.

Bottom-up EV Adoption

September 9, 2022
| Mr Sharif Qamar
| Ms Rhea Srivastava
| The Financial Express

India aims to achieve 30% EV share in total vehicle sales by 2030. Several initiatives, schemes, and guidelines have been issued by various central ministries and think-tanks to boost the three as - Awareness, Acceptance and Adoption - of EVs. It is believed that cities will eventually become the engines of growth for the EV sector; green shoots of development in this direction  are already being seen.

Wheels on wheels: Increasing automobile loading by rail

September 5, 2022
| Ms Palak Passi
| ET Energy World

To understand the relevance of the AFTO policy, we must look at the automobile freight history of the railways. The Indian railways have been transporting motor vehicles for a long time. Personal vehicles, military vehicles, and tanks, among others, were carried in specially designed wagons, generally by passenger or military trains.

Possibility Of 100% E2V Penetration In India By FY27

August 16, 2022 |
August 30, 2022
Mobility Outlook

Mr I V Rao, Senior Visiting Fellow, TERI, said that two-wheelers in India have always been considered as the key vehicle segment, where EV transition could take place faster than in any other segment.


Battery Electric Technology In The Heavy-Duty Vehicle Segment

July 8, 2022

70% of total tonne-km of India's freight transport takes place via roads (TERI, 2015) and is dominated by medium and heavy-duty vehicles (MHDVs) with a share of around 60% and the remaining by light-duty vehicles (LDVs). Reduced emission levels from 'hard to abate' sectors such as medium/heavy-duty long-distance transport, aviation, and shipping will continue to be critical in the future. Sustained efforts in this direction are crucial to achieving emission intensity reduction targets globally and in India, as outlined in the country's Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs)

Transitioning to a Low Carbon Technology for the Road Transport in India

March 14, 2022

India is the world’s third largest emitter of greenhouse gas emissions. At present, India accounts for a significant multimodal road transport sector contributing approximately 10 per cent of country’s total CO2 emissions, making it the second most carbon emitting sector in the country. Driven by rising population, income, and urbanization, under a business-as-usual scenario, India’s energy demand from transport is projected to increase six fold in 2050 from current levels.

Moving towards Aggregation: Freight Forwarder Scheme of Railways

February 15, 2022

One of the key strategies in the Union Budget 2022 for increasing rail freight market share, aims at facilitating the integration of smaller goods through seamless solutions and multimodal logistics facilities at cargo terminals. Despite an increase in railways' market share to 45% by 2030, a key transport decarbonization strategy for India, it continues to exhibit a gradual decline due to a variety of reasons.

Developing Rail Freight Terminals: Energizing Private Partnerships

February 15, 2022

Railways has often been termed as the "backbone of the economy", facilitating passenger and freight transportation to the length and breadth of the country. In recent years, railways has experienced a constant decline in the freight business, resulting in a growing concern for railway finances and National Decarbonisation Targets.

Assessing the environmental benefits from switching auto-rickshaws in Chennai to electric

June 18, 2020

In Chennai, auto rickshaws constitute 40% of all transport vehicles and 58% of passenger transport vehicles. The share of auto-rickshaws has increased from practically zero in 1970 to over 6% in 2008.

Impact of COVID-19 on urban mobility in India: Evidence from a perception study

May 17, 2020

The urban transportation landscape is likely to undergo significant changes due to the ongoing COVID-19 crisis. Increased risks associated with crowded places combined with social distancing measures in public and shared transport are likely to affect modal choices of commuters. Urban freight needs may also alter with the change in the use of e-services. To assess the likely nature of such a shift, an online survey was conducted, which was designed to elicit the perceptions of respondents related to work trips, online grocery shopping, and food delivery pre and post COVID-19.

Area Convener, Transport and Urban Governance
Senior Director, Sustainable Habitat