Our work in the transport sector aims at low-carbon modes of transport that are sustainable and inclusive in nature. We have pioneered policy research in this sector with expertise in issues related to energy efficiency and emissions modeling. Among others, our focus areas include electric vehicles, railways, urban transport.



  • water security

    Project Report

    Freight Greenhouse Gas Calculator

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  • oilzapper


    COVID-19 lockdown: Impacts on the auto-rickshaw community

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  • low carbon

    Project Report

    Roadmap for Electrification of Urban Freight in India

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  • transport video


    Don't miss the bus: Providing sustainable mobility for urban India

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    indian railways


    Future of electric auto-rickshaws in India

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Truck on Train: Finding a Win-Win Solution

Ms Palak Passi

Trucks have gradually become a dominant mode of freight transport, replacing the railway, the traditional bulk commodity carrier. Crisscrossing through the country, trucks are responsible for nearly 40 percent of carbon emissions and air pollution in the urban areas.[1]

Readiness and Capacity Needs Assessment for Electric Vehicle Adoption in Indian Cities

Global dependence on fossil fuels in the transport sector has been a key driver of climate change and air pollution. In India, motorized transport accounts for a large share of the country’s total GHG emissions. Therefore, the swift replacement of internal combustion engines (ICE Vehicles) with Electric Vehicles (EVs) is imperative to decarbonize India’s transport sector.

Road to contain climate change

Mr S Sundar
Mr Sharif Qamar

Roads and railways bind a nation and bring people together. They facilitate the achievement of SDGs, as without adequate mobility, SDGs cannot be achieved and sustained.

What would make Indians buy EVs? Our survey has some answers

Mr Parmeet Singh

TERI's survey on consumer perception of electric vehicles (EVs) revealed that issues like upfront cost, battery replacement, and range anxiety are topmost concerns for people considering buying an EV.

Future of electric auto-rickshaws in India

Mr Shri Prakash

In the post-COVID scenario, the predicted demand of the three-wheeler sector might increase and a shift of commuters from app-based taxies may be expected. To promote electric mobility in India, auto-rickshaws can play a vital role as frontrunners.


World Sustainable Development Summit 2024

February 7, 2024
to February 9, 2024

 7-9 February 2024 | New Delhi

Book Release: TERI Energy & Environment Data Diary and Yearbook (TEDDY) 2022-23

January 23, 2024
to January 23, 2024

TERI Energy & Environment Data Diary and Yearbook (TEDDY) is an annual publication brought out by The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) since 1986. TEDDY presents latest information on energy supply sectors (coal and lignite, petroleum and natural gas, power and renewable energy sources), energy demand sectors (agriculture, industry, transport, residential, and commercial sectors), and environment (local and global). It seeks to support policy research and decision-making by providing policymakers and researchers with the data which can be used to develop actionable solutions.

Workshop on “Preparing Roadmap for Fleet Electrification of Department of Posts, India”

January 9, 2024
to January 9, 2024

TERI, in collaboration with Department of Posts, Government of India as a technical partner, and Shakti Sustainable Energy Foundation as a knowledge partner, is preparing a roadmap to electrify the existing Mail Motor Service (MMS) fleet.

Zero-emission Truck and Bus Showcase

July 19, 2023
to July 22, 2023

July 19 – 22, 2023


Positive impact of improving truck driver comfort

January 14, 2024
| Mr Kumar Kunal and Shri Prakash
| The Financial Express

Truck drivers work long hours on the road, often in tough driving conditions, especially in regions where temperatures range from 43deg C to 47deg C. We should cultivate a safer and more satisfied workforce by reducing driver fatigue, changing driver behaviour, and enhancing overall comfort, says Mr Kumar Kunal, Research Associate and Shri Prakash, Distinguished Fellow, Transport and Urban Governance Division, TERI.

Delhi Metro emerges as 'Reliable Mode of Transport', earns praise for its social, economic, and environmental contributions

January 8, 2024 |
January 8, 2024
The Economic Times

Surpassing expectations, the Delhi Metro has experienced an 8 percent increase in ridership, accommodating around 67 lakh passenger journeys on weekdays. Despite projecting 6,218,861 daily passenger journeys for 2023, the actual figure reached 6,721,020 (weekdays average only) in October 2023. It has earned recognition for its social, economic, and environmental contributions. The various reports from EPCA, the Parliamentary Committee, and TERI emphasize DMRC's crucial role in combating pollution, operational efficiency, and substantial environmental benefits.

The problem with EVs

December 17, 2023 |
December 17, 2023
The Indian Express

India Electric Vehicle Report 2023 notes that EVs could make up more than 40 percent of India's automotive market and generate over $100 billion of revenue by 2030. One of the key concerns is the high share of conventional fuel-based electricity or high-grid emission factor powering EVs. A slight improvement in the efficiency of the thermal power plants has the potential to wipe out the negative burden says Mr Sharif Qamar, Associate Director, Transport and Urban Governance Division, TERI.

Fueling progress: How ‘dirty’ coal will help the world’s most populous country go green

December 15, 2023 |
December 15, 2023
RT News

CoP28 resolutions are a forward step in curbing carbon emissions in many ways but there is a need to do more. In India, we are on the right path to meeting energy transition targets as per the announcements made by PM Mr Modi in the past, said Mr Ajay Shankar, Distinguished Fellow, TERI.

EV Adoption – Time to up the ante

December 11, 2023
| Mr Sharif Qamar
| The Economic Times

Though Indian cities have tremendous potential to accelerate EV adoption, the impact of city-level actions at large has been relatively under-explored with limited successes says Mr Sharif Qamar, Fellow and Associate Director, Transport and Urban Governance Division, TERI.

Emission control: EVs are not the only solution, alternatives can play big role, TERI DG

November 24, 2023 |
November 24, 2023
ET Auto

For addressing carbon emissions in the auto sector, electrification in various areas, meeting electricity demand through non-fossil sources, and developing low carbon alternatives like hydrogen and biofuels for certain other areas could be the way to go. Adopting circular economy business models also will help in the long term. TERI, a policy research organisation specialising in the fields of energy, environment and sustainable development, is actively working on biofuels, hydrogen, and other alternative fuels.


Assessment of Bio-CNG as a Vehicular Fuel in India

February 13, 2024

Surge in demand for mobility and the consequent consumption of fossil fuels for powering transport vehicles is massive and is increasing rapidly with time. However, with geopolitical tensions, shrinking crude oil reserves, and negative impacts of vehicular emissions on global and local pollution has influenced scientific community to explore alternative and sustainable fuels for the transport sector.

Fuel Efficiency Improvement and Emission Standards in Road Transport

August 18, 2023

India’s rapid urbanization and economic growth has accelerated both passenger and freight transport demands, which have led to the need for prioritizing adoption of low carbon technologies, also strengthening the country’s energy security.

Accelerating Biodiesel Blending in India

August 18, 2023

India’s dependency on imported fossil fuels is mounting incessantly. The petroleum products consumption in the country has increased about 38.2% from the past decade, resulting in a substantial expenditure on oil imports.

An Assessment of Avoided CO2 Emissions during Construction, Maintenance and Operation of National Highways

February 22, 2023

India has the 2nd largest road network in the world. Amongst the different types of roads, the National Highways extending to 1,44,634 km has contributed significantly to India’s rapid economic development. The rapid pace of construction of highways is enabling integration of the local economies of far flung towns and villages into the national economy.

Battery Electric Technology In The Heavy-Duty Vehicle Segment

July 8, 2022

70% of total tonne-km of India's freight transport takes place via roads (TERI, 2015) and is dominated by medium and heavy-duty vehicles (MHDVs) with a share of around 60% and the remaining by light-duty vehicles (LDVs). Reduced emission levels from 'hard to abate' sectors such as medium/heavy-duty long-distance transport, aviation, and shipping will continue to be critical in the future. Sustained efforts in this direction are crucial to achieving emission intensity reduction targets globally and in India, as outlined in the country's Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs)

Senior Director, Sustainable Habitat
Distinguished Fellow, Transport & Urban Governance
Distinguished Fellow, Transport & Urban Governance
Associate Director, Transport and Urban Governance
Area Convenor, Transport and Urban Governance