Our work in the transport sector aims at low-carbon modes of transport that are sustainable and inclusive in nature. We have pioneered policy research in this sector with expertise in issues related to energy efficiency and emissions modeling. Among others, our focus areas include electric vehicles, railways, urban transport.



  • water security

    Discussion Paper

    Emerging role of bike (motorcycle) taxis in urban mobility

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  • oilzapper

    Policy Brief

    Regulatory mechanisms for electric three-wheelers

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  • low carbon highways


    Clearing the haze of shared mobility

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  • transport video

    Project Report

    Faster adoption of electric vehicles in India: A perspective of consumers and industry

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    indian railways

    Research Paper

    Carbon footprint of urban public transport systems in Indian cities

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अगले 10 साल हैं ज़रूरी: WSDS में होगी 2030 के लक्ष्यों को पूरा करने के लिए चर्चा

Ms Shweta
20 देशों के प्रतिनिधि आएंगे साथ एक ही मंच पर वायु प्रदूषण, ई-गतिशीलता, नवीकरणीय ऊर्जा, ऊर्जा दक्षता, हरित वित्त, नीली अर्थव्यवस्था, टिकाऊ खपत, कई मुख विषयों पर होगी चर्चा। सतत विकास में योगदान की होगी पहचान, सस्टेनेबल डेवलपमेंट लीडरशिप अवार्ड से नवाज़ा जाएगा।

Clearing the haze of shared mobility

Mr Aravind Harikumar
Ms Palak Thakur

Indian cities are currently witnessing a trend of growing private ownership (cars and two-wheelers) of vehicles and declining public and non-motorised transport use. As per the Road Transport Year Book, 230 million vehicles are plying on Indian roads in 2016 out of which 86% of vehicle share is of the private vehicles[1].

EVs can help curb vehicular emissions and improve air quality

The Government of Delhi had released the draft of Delhi Electric Vehicle Policy on November 27, 2018. Against the backdrop of the worsening air quality in the Capital, it's time to revisit this draft policy and explore measures that need to be addressed for the growth of electric transport infrastructure in the Capital.

Creating the charging infrastructure to power EVs in India

Mr Alekhya Datta

Charging stations for EVs can help drive demand for the sector's growth in the country

Replacing Bengaluru's auto fleet with electric autos will clean up the air and save LPG

Ms Palak Thakur
Ms Sugandha Pal

TERI study suggests 1200 tonnes of carbon dioxide is emitted daily from total fleet of auto rickshaws in Bengaluru

Taking Alwar for a ride: Mini passenger public transport service in Alwar

Ms Akshima Tejas Ghate
Dr Seema Singh
Ms Sangeetha Ann Wilson
Ms Megha Kumar

With a population of about 315,310 persons in 2011 (Census, Government of India), the city of Alwar is one of the fastest growing urban areas in Rajasthan state as well as the National Capital Region (NCR) in India. The rapid pace of industrialisation in the city is accompanied by increasing residential, commercial and industrial areas in the city, which have increased pressures on the existing infrastructure.


World Sustainable Development Summit (WSDS) 2020

January 29, 2020
to January 31, 2020

The World Sustainable Development Summit (WSDS), the annual flagship event of TERI will be held from 29-31 January, 2020 under the broad rubric, 'Towards 2030 Goals: Making the Decade Count', laying focus on the global efforts being made to meet our 2030 targets.

TERI's survey on the impact of odd-even scheme

November 4, 2019
to November 15, 2019

With the National Capital Region facing severe air pollution, the third phase of odd-even will be underway from November 4 to 15. During this period, TERI is conducting a survey to capture the impact of the Odd-Even scheme on the travel behavior of the daily commuters in Delhi.

World Sustainable Development Summit 2019

February 11, 2019
to February 13, 2019

WSDS is India's imprint to the global sustainability footprint. WSDS now strives to provide long-term solutions for the benefit of the global community by assembling the world's most enlightened leaders and thinkers on a single platform.

Report Release: 'Benefits of Cycling in India: An Economic, Environmental, and Social Assessment'

January 11, 2019
to January 11, 2019

The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) will be presenting a study on 'Benefits of Cycling in India: An Economic, Environmental, and Social Assessment'. The report will be released in the presence of Hon'ble Union Minister for Commerce & Industry Shri Suresh Prabhu. We believe that TERI's study will prove to be a milestone in promoting cycling and cycle industry in India. The report of the study will be released on 11 January, 2019, at Silver Oak, India Habitat Centre, Lodhi Road, New Delhi.

1st CharIN India Conference: Enabling e-mobility in India by means of CCS, trendsetter to empower the EV ecosystem

May 11, 2018
to May 11, 2018

Stakeholders of the Indian EV-market and experts from CharIN and EV-related industries will meet during the 1st CharIN India Conference, scheduled for May 11th, 2018 in New Delhi to discuss about the future of e-mobility in India powered by the Combined Charging System (CCS). This one-day conference consists of technical speeches, a panel discussion, and networking opportunities.


Environmental benefits of scrappage policy - Age as the sole criterion meets the requirement

February 10, 2020
| Dr I V Rao is the former head of R&D and Director, Maruti Suzuki Centre for Excellence
| Mr Aravind Harikumar
| ET Auto

Mandated scrappage of old vehicles will give us the advantage of reducing vehicular emissions, provided old scrapped vehicles are replaced with new, cleaner vehicles. An organized scrappage process can also improve resource efficiency by imbuing circularity in automobile manufacturing through the reuse and recycling of parts.

Shift to EVs, E2Ws is inevitable

January 14, 2020
| Ms Megha Kumar, former Associate Fellow, Transport and Urban Governance Division
| Mr Shri Prakash
| The Pioneer

The Government has been encouraging the adoption of Electric Vehicle (EV) technology; and the Budget also announced a bouquet of incentives for them. EV penetration in India lies where cellphone adoption was in 1995 and it might easily take another decade for EVs to go mainstream. Given the existing financial viability, electric two-wheelers (E2Ws) should be promoted for high-utilisation commercial applications through easy financing with low down payment requirement.

More public transport buses hold the key to blue skies

December 2, 2019
| Ms Megha Kumar
| Money Control

As per TERI's 2016 source apportionment study, among key sectors, industries contributed 30 per cent, closely followed by transport with 28 per cent contribution to PM2.5 concentration in Delhi (in winter, when the smog is much severe ). Within the transport sector, 29 per cent of these emissions are contributed by trucks, 25 per cent by two-wheelers, 18 per cent by three-wheelers and 11 per cent by buses and cars. It is the trucks, two-wheelers, and three-wheelers that demand attention from pollution perspective.

Making EVs an attractive buying proposition

November 4, 2019
| Mr Alekhya Datta
| Energy World

The government has been trying to encourage the adoption of electric vehicles (EVs) through an array of measures but their widespread adoption is hindered by range anxiety among users. Awareness of the varied consumer benefits of EVs, conducive policymaking, and swift establishment of charging infrastructure would do well for India's e-mobility ambitions.

A double-edged sword

October 16, 2019
| Ms Megha Kumar
| The Pioneer

The key to operating a free public transport is to identify alternate sources of revenue to finance it. While financial performance is critical for operating public transport, increasing the fare is not the best solution. The approach to the problem will change once it is realised that the objective of operating public transport is not to generate revenue but to offer affordable services to citizens. The need of the hour is to find innovative solutions to make public transport affordable for all.

Cost, range are the greatest hurdles to EV adoption: TERI Director-General

July 21, 2019 |
July 21, 2019
Business Standard

We need to ensure that we have an EV policy that works, together with an understanding of why we want it, said Dr Ajay Mathur, Director-General, TERI.


Regulatory mechanisms for electric three-wheelers

February 18, 2020

Electrification of auto-rickshaws plays an important role in meeting the transport requirement of many large and medium Indian cities and is critical for reducing air pollution and providing clean mobility solutions. The electrification of auto-rickshaws may result in lower operation and maintenance costs as compared to Internal Combustion Engine (ICE) vehicles making them economically viable for the owner/driver.

Fleet Modernization: A solution to achieve better air quality

December 10, 2019

India's transport demand has grown from a total of 5.3 million in 1981 to 230 million in 2016, with two-wheelers and cars having 73% and 14% share, respectively. Commercial vehicles though constitute only about 5% of the total fleet, contribute to nearly 80% of total PM emissions.

Phase-wise implementation of fleet modernization (transforming pre BS-IV commercial vehicles to BS-VI) would lead to a 40-80% reduction in PM and NOx emissions from the sector by 2025.

Discussion Paper: Rural Roads and the SDGs

May 8, 2019

All the trends and patterns put together in this paper have long-term implications for incomes and new livelihood opportunities not merely for the farm and off-farm sector but also for a range of people who directly or indirectly depend on the rural road network, and constitute new classes of stakeholders in the network, including industry, service sector, those who access local labour markets, primary producers including mining and quarrying; as well as manufacturers of consumer durables and consumer products.

Estimating vehicular emissions from auto rickshaw plying in Bengaluru

July 11, 2018

The growing vehicular pollution has caused serious health hazard in Indian metropolitan cities, Bengaluru being one of the major victims. There are various reasons accounting for the vehicular emissions. The objective of this research paper is to estimate the vehicular emissions in form of carbon dioxide (CO2), particulate matter 10 (PM10) and nitrogen oxide (NOX) emitted by the auto rickshaws plying in Bengaluru city and recommend policy based solution based upon the estimated alternative scenarios.

Designing a Business Model for Sustainable Management of End-of-Life Vehicles (ELVs) in India

March 28, 2017

This policy brief proposes a framework/business model for sustainable management of end-of-life vehicles in India. It not only suggest ways for collection and management of the ELVs, but also outline ways to obtain maximum economic benefits from their recovery, creating social values and preventing environmental degradation along with fulfilling the relevant legislations.


Area Convenor, Centre for Sustainable Mobility
Senior Director, Sustainable Habitat