Our work in the transport sector aims at low-carbon modes of transport that are sustainable and inclusive in nature. We have pioneered policy research in this sector with expertise in issues related to energy efficiency and emissions modeling. Among others, our focus areas include electric vehicles, railways, urban transport.



  • water security


    Can India embrace work from home post-pandemic?

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  • oilzapper

    Policy Brief

    Regulatory mechanisms for electric three-wheelers

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  • low carbon highways

    Research Paper

    Environmental Impact and Cost effectiveness of Electric Vehicle subsidy in India

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  • transport video


    Don't miss the bus: Providing sustainable mobility for urban India

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    Survival and revival of the auto rickshaws sector

    Last date: 18th May, 2020

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कोविड -19 और यात्री परिवहन - फिर से कार और मोटरसाइकिल के स्थान पर साइकिल और पदयात्रा की ओर

Mr Shri Prakash

जब इस महामारी का दौर धीमा होगा या थम जाएगा तब हमारे जीने के तरीके बदल जाएंगे। लॉकडाउन में यात्री परिवहन थम गया था। अब धीरे धीरे सार्वजनिक परिवहन व्यवस्था को शुरू किया जा रहा है। लेकिन सार्वजनिक परिवहनों में शारीरिक दूरी बनाना मुश्किल है। हमें यातायात के विभिन्न माध्यमों पर विचार करना होगा और उसमें बदलाव करने होंगे।

Can India embrace work from home post-pandemic?

Mr Shri Prakash
Ms Palak Thakur

Perhaps the most positive impact of the total lockdown imposed due to COVID-19 pandemic in the country is clean air in the Indian cities that one has not breathed for long.

Effects of COVID-19 on Transportation Demand

Mr Aravind Harikumar

Transportation sector has been one of the primary victims of COVID-19. From rickshaw pullers to airlines, all have been affected economically by the pandemic. India's overall energy demand fell by 11% in March 20201. Due to lockdown in many countries, the demand for passenger transport has been adversely hit. The freight segment has had a mixed short-term effect in terms of transportation demand. There is a surge in demand for truck drivers in transportation of essential goods.

अगले 10 साल हैं ज़रूरी: WSDS में होगी 2030 के लक्ष्यों को पूरा करने के लिए चर्चा

Ms Shweta
20 देशों के प्रतिनिधि आएंगे साथ एक ही मंच पर वायु प्रदूषण, ई-गतिशीलता, नवीकरणीय ऊर्जा, ऊर्जा दक्षता, हरित वित्त, नीली अर्थव्यवस्था, टिकाऊ खपत, कई मुख विषयों पर होगी चर्चा। सतत विकास में योगदान की होगी पहचान, सस्टेनेबल डेवलपमेंट लीडरशिप अवार्ड से नवाज़ा जाएगा।

Clearing the haze of shared mobility

Mr Aravind Harikumar
Ms Palak Thakur

Indian cities are currently witnessing a trend of growing private ownership (cars and two-wheelers) of vehicles and declining public and non-motorised transport use. As per the Road Transport Year Book, 230 million vehicles are plying on Indian roads in 2016 out of which 86% of vehicle share is of the private vehicles[1].

EVs can help curb vehicular emissions and improve air quality

The Government of Delhi had released the draft of Delhi Electric Vehicle Policy on November 27, 2018. Against the backdrop of the worsening air quality in the Capital, it's time to revisit this draft policy and explore measures that need to be addressed for the growth of electric transport infrastructure in the Capital.


Webinar on Impact of COVID-19 on Urban Mobility

June 8, 2020
to June 8, 2020

During the COVID-19 nationwide lockdown, TERI assessed behavioural changes in using different modes of transport in a post-lockdown situation. Based on the responses on our online study, TERI has put out a policy brief on Impact of COVID-19 on Urban Mobility.

Webinar on 'Future of Electric Auto-rickshaws'

May 18, 2020
to May 18, 2020

Survival and revival of the auto rickshaws sector

May 6, 2020
to May 18, 2020

Auto rickshaw sector in India is one of the worst affected sectors in the lockdown imposed during the COVID-19 pandemic. As a part of the Namma Auto project, TERI is seeking suggestions from everyone to revive the auto-rickshaw sector. This survey is planned to understand the following:

TERI's survey on behavioural effects of COVID19 on urban transportation demand

April 7, 2020
to April 26, 2020

COVID19 has had an inescapable impact on how we conduct our daily activities. As part of a small exercise, TERI's Centre for Sustainable Mobility is conducting a survey on the Behavioural Effects of COVID19 on Urban Transportation Demand.

Through this exercise, our aim is to capture the impact of COVID19 pandemic on transportation demand related to


COVID-19 Scare: 61 Per Cent Commuters Won't Take Mumbai Locals Any Time Soon

May 29, 2020 |
May 29, 2020
Mid Day

According to TERI, the urban transportation landscape is likely to undergo significant changes due to the ongoing COVID-19 crisis.

Public transport usage to see decline after Covid-19 outbreak ends: Study

May 19, 2020 |
May 19, 2020
Hindustan Times

A perception study, based on a survey across 51 cities in the country from April 7 to 26 by TERI, revealed that 35% commuters are likely to change their mode of transport for work after the outbreak ends.

Why India Needs to Give Cyclists, Pedestrians Their Own Space on Road

May 1, 2020
| Ms Aakansha Jain

The COVID-19 pandemic is likely to have a tremendous impact on the way India moves in the days to come. As the society is expected to deal with this dreaded disease even after lockdown norms are eased, limiting contact between people and following safe distancing standards are going to become a reality for coming several months or maybe for years ahead. Considering that mobility forms a crucial part of our daily lives, staying away from transport systems cannot be an option which calls for a need to review the existing transportation scenario, and adapt it suitably.

​Covid-19: Innovative Solutions Required for Labour Shortages, Disruptions in Supply Chain of Essential Commodities

May 1, 2020
| Mr Shri Prakash
| Mr Promit Mookherjee
| News18

Government agencies along with the private sector has already taken significant steps to ensure essential items reach the public. Some more innovative solution could further help smoothen operations. Ensuring worker safety and reassuring workers is essential. The government can consider providing insurance for all workers involved in essential services, similar to that provided for health workers. To prevent transmission of the coronavirus, strong protocols have to be established to identify workers with possible symptoms.

The Future of Electric Vehicles May Ride on Two Wheels

April 25, 2020 |
April 25, 2020
The Wall Street Journal

Electric motorcycles and scooters could soon have their moment in India, China and other emerging markets, according to projections from TERI.

Blue skies and brown earth

April 24, 2020
| Mr S Sundar
| Business Standard

Covid-19 has brought almost the entire world and all forms of transport to a screeching halt. Even non-motorised transport like walking and cycling have been shut down. The long-term question is whether humans will go back to their old transport policies and practices or whether the virus will lead them to design, build and operate a more sustainable transport system.


Impact of COVID-19 on urban mobility in India: Evidence from a perception study

May 17, 2020

The urban transportation landscape is likely to undergo significant changes due to the ongoing COVID-19 crisis. Increased risks associated with crowded places combined with social distancing measures in public and shared transport are likely to affect modal choices of commuters. Urban freight needs may also alter with the change in the use of e-services. To assess the likely nature of such a shift, an online survey was conducted, which was designed to elicit the perceptions of respondents related to work trips, online grocery shopping, and food delivery pre and post COVID-19.

Regulatory mechanisms for electric three-wheelers

February 18, 2020

Electrification of auto-rickshaws plays an important role in meeting the transport requirement of many large and medium Indian cities and is critical for reducing air pollution and providing clean mobility solutions. The electrification of auto-rickshaws may result in lower operation and maintenance costs as compared to Internal Combustion Engine (ICE) vehicles making them economically viable for the owner/driver.

Fleet Modernization: A solution to achieve better air quality

December 10, 2019

India's transport demand has grown from a total of 5.3 million in 1981 to 230 million in 2016, with two-wheelers and cars having 73% and 14% share, respectively. Commercial vehicles though constitute only about 5% of the total fleet, contribute to nearly 80% of total PM emissions.

Phase-wise implementation of fleet modernization (transforming pre BS-IV commercial vehicles to BS-VI) would lead to a 40-80% reduction in PM and NOx emissions from the sector by 2025.

Discussion Paper: Rural Roads and the SDGs

May 8, 2019

All the trends and patterns put together in this paper have long-term implications for incomes and new livelihood opportunities not merely for the farm and off-farm sector but also for a range of people who directly or indirectly depend on the rural road network, and constitute new classes of stakeholders in the network, including industry, service sector, those who access local labour markets, primary producers including mining and quarrying; as well as manufacturers of consumer durables and consumer products.

Estimating vehicular emissions from auto rickshaw plying in Bengaluru

July 11, 2018

The growing vehicular pollution has caused serious health hazard in Indian metropolitan cities, Bengaluru being one of the major victims. There are various reasons accounting for the vehicular emissions. The objective of this research paper is to estimate the vehicular emissions in form of carbon dioxide (CO2), particulate matter 10 (PM10) and nitrogen oxide (NOX) emitted by the auto rickshaws plying in Bengaluru city and recommend policy based solution based upon the estimated alternative scenarios.


Area Convenor, Centre for Sustainable Mobility
Senior Director, Sustainable Habitat