The global population is expected to reach 10 billion by 2050, raising concerns about feeding these increasing numbers without further degrading the environment. Our work focuses on bringing sustainability in agricultural practices by developing plant and microbe derived products that reduce the use of chemical fertilisers while substantially improving crop yields. We are making strides in using nano biotechnology to develop a range of green products including nano-fertilisers, superfoods and algal based bioenergy. We demonstrate change by helping farming communities improve their livelihood through our products and practices.

agriculture narrative


  • Agricultura Coalition


    Food and Land Resources: Incorporating Watershed-Based Approaches for Better Sustainability-Productivity Balance

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  • Mycorrhizal Research


    State of Science, Technology and Innovation Skills for Sustainability of India's Food and Land-use Systems

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  • cooling plants


    Nanobiotech@DBT platform: TERI's nanobiotechnology networking platforms with Department of Biotechnology

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  • cooling plants


    Guidelines for Evaluation of Nano-based Agri-input and Food Products in India

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  • cooling plants


    Locked houses, Fallow lands: Climate Change and Migration in Uttarakhand, India

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प्राकृतिक खेती: बढ़ती आमदनी और खुशहाल किसान

उत्पादन और मूल्य प्राप्ति दोनों में अनिश्चितता की वजह से किसान उच्च लागत वाली कृषि के दुष्चक्र में फंस गया है। लगातार गिरता उत्पादन और बढ़ती बीमारियां कृषि क्षेत्र की जटिलताओं को और बढ़ा रही हैं। इस परिस्थिति से किसानों को निकालने और उनके दीर्घकालिक कल्याण के लिए प्राकृतिक खेती की तरफ रुख करने के सकारात्मक परिणाम मिल रहे हैं

पराली प्रदूषण - सटीक नीति से होगा हल

Dr Kanhaiya Lal

- उपयुक्त कम पानी वाली फसलों को बढ़ावा देकर धान की अंधाधुंध खेती पर लगाम लगाई जा सकती है - धान की ऐसी प्रजातियों को प्रोत्साहित करें जो समय और पानी दोनों कम लेती हैं - ऐसी कंबाइन हार्वेस्टर मशीनें विकसित की जाएं जो धान निकालते वक्त पराली भी खेत से हटा लें तो पराली किसानों के लिए अतिरिक्त आय का साधन हो सकता है

अपशिष्ट जल किसानों के लिए बन सकता है संसाधन

Ms Mehar Kaur

किसान उपलब्ध मीठे पानी के संसाधनों का अति उपयोग नहीं करना चाहते, वे भूजल का संरक्षण करना चाहते हैं। सीवेज का पानी आसानी से उपलब्ध है लेकिन बुनियादी ढांचे और उचित उपचार की कमी के कारण, आंशिक रूप से उपचारित नगरपालिका अपशिष्ट जल और अनुपचारित सीवेज ने समय के साथ मिट्टी की गुणवत्ता, दूषित भूजल और फसल की उपज को कम कर दिया है।

Farmers Shift to Climate-resilient Crop: With Rising Cyclones in Tamil Nadu

In the recent past, the Bay of Bengal has witnessed frequent cyclones. In 2011, when Cyclone Thane struck the coasts of Cuddalore in Tamil Nadu, many farmers looked for a crop that could withstand climatic fluctuations. Sharada Balasubramanian says vetiver (Chrysopogon zizanioides)—a hardy grass—was found to be a suitable alternative to cashew and casuarina, which were often getting toppled by cyclone. Farmers found this not just climate-resilient, but also profitable from an income perspective.

The impact of stubble burning and poor air quality in India during the time of COVID-19

Dr Shailly Kedia

A holistic approach by government and farmers alike is needed to address the problem of burning crop stubble, which comes at a huge environmental and health cost

कोल्ड चेन इंफ्रास्ट्रक्चर: कोविड 19 महामारी में गरीबों को खाद्य सुरक्षा एवं स्वास्थ्य सेवाओं के लिए ज़रूरी

Mr Manjeet Singh

विकासशील देशों में बड़े स्तर पर खाद्यान उत्पादन के बावजूद बहुत सारा खाद्यान सप्लाई चेन में ही नष्ट हो जाता है। इसका एक बड़ा कारण अच्छे कोल्ड चेन ढाँचे की कमी माना जाता है।


NanoforAgri-2021: Technology readiness and overcoming regulatory barriers to implement nanotechnology-enabled agriculture for sustainable future

December 8, 2021
to December 9, 2021

The 5th annual International Conference 'NANOFORAGRI 2021' aims to focus on the world's readiness to achieve food security, and promote sustainable agriculture through the application of nanotechnology.

On 8-9 December 2021

Webinar Series on Waste-Derived Nanomaterials: Part-II - BIO2NANO: BioResources to Sustainable Nanoproducts- Interventions, Current Status & the Future Perspective

October 20, 2021
to October 20, 2021

The webinar will provide an overview of some of the most recent trends, challenges, and applications in the field of bio(nano)products derived from sustainable resources.

Webinar Series on Waste-Derived Nanomaterials: Part-I Industrial Wastes to Nano-commodities: Status, Impact and Future Prospects

October 7, 2021
to October 7, 2021

The webinar aims at highlighting various leads being taken to derive nano-materials from different waste resources via a 'Circular Economy' model.

Webinar on 'Next Generation Smart Delivery Systems for Agrochemicals'

September 27, 2021
to September 27, 2021

The webinar aims to shed light on the current status of smart delivery systems in agriculture, highlighting their opportunities and challenges.

On 27 September 2021, 02:00 PM to 4:30 PM IST

Webinar on International test guidelines and methods for nanosafety

July 22, 2021
to July 23, 2021

The webinar will chiefly focus on defining the scope and use of OECD and other international test guidelines for toxicity assessment of nanomaterials

On 22-23 July 2021, 2:00 PM - 4:00 PM

High-End Characterization of Micro-Algae: Overcoming the Technological Barriers

March 3, 2021
to March 4, 2021

TERI in partnership with Deakin University, Australia, Department of Biology, Government of India and International Iberian Nanotechnology Laboratory (INL), Portugal is organising a two-day e-workshop cum discussion on the topic, 'High-End Characterization of Micro-Algae: Overcoming the Technological Barriers'


Time for a different approach to crop burning

January 28, 2021
| Mr Ajay Shankar
| ET Energy World

Burning of the crop residue in the fields of North India after the harvesting of the paddy crop before Diwali leads to a very sharp spike in air pollution everyyear. This stays through the winter. Such high levels of air pollution cause a health emergency. There is a public outcry and demand for effective action and a sense of frustration at the lack of progress in solving the problem.

Ladies of the Land

January 24, 2021 |
January 28, 2021
The Telegraph

Manish Anand of Delhi's The Energy and Resources Institute has co-authored a paper on enhancing the role of women in agriculture and allied activities and providing them institutional support.

How green is my fertiliser?

December 17, 2020 |
December 17, 2020
Forbes India

Working towards researching and manufacturing these nano-fertilisers for a variety of crops is the TERI Deakin Nano-Biotechnology Centre in Gurugram. It has field-tested some of these fertilisers, and found improvements in the crop yields of tomatoes, paddy and soybean, and is conducting further field trials in many states across India.

How porcupines, nilgai and boars make Indian forest communities poorer

July 19, 2020 |
July 19, 2020
The Dialogue

People and wildlife are increasingly coming into conflict over living space and food around the world. While the conflict and loss of lives on both the sides get into limelight, little is known about the economic impact of the rising conflicts on the communities living in forests for ages despite multi-facet risks. A study by TERI has thrown a light on this recently. The study in Uttar Pradesh's Terai region at the Indo-Nepal Border, has found that the families living in the proximity of reserve forests incur 5-10 per cent monetary losses annually due to crop depredation.

How India can eliminate the burning of crop waste

November 26, 2019
| Mr Ajay Shankar
| Hindustan Times

It is unrealistic to expect farmers to forego income for the sake of the environment. However, if they see economic gains in switching to alternative crops and patterns, they will come forward. There is a successful example of triggering fundamental transformation in farm practices. The ITC, known for its e-choupal initiative, ran a Baareh Mahine Hariyali (greenery for the whole year) programme in four districts of Uttar Pradesh last year. It saw the doubling of incomes among farmers who adopted the full programme.

There is always a solution

November 9, 2019
| Dr Vibha Dhawan
| The Pioneer

The ill-effects of crop residue burning go beyond air pollution. Crop burning also results in loss of fertility and micro flora of the soil. Not only that, the deposition of particles on leaves lowers the rate of photosynthesis, further affecting carbon dioxide fixation and oxygen release. It also inhibits crop growth and productivity, thereby encouraging use of fertilisers in future crop cycles, hence leaving behind an ever-larger ecological footprint.


Food and Land Resources: Incorporating Watershed-Based Approaches for Better Sustainability-Productivity Balance

August 4, 2021

The overall purpose of watershed programmes is to enhance incomes, provide food security through sustainable agriculture and prudent management of natural resources. This directly corresponds to SDG 1 and 2, i.e. No poverty and Zero Hunger respectively.

Guidelines for Evaluation of Nano-based Agri-input and Food Products in India

August 6, 2020

Nanobiotechnology applications in food production and agriculture have a lot of potential. However, India did not have adequate guidelines to regulate the same. Until now.

Women in agriculture: Enhancing their role and promoting sustainability and livelihood support

May 26, 2020

The paper looks at enhancing the role of women in agriculture and allied activities and providing institutional support

Discussion Paper : Organic Agriculture: An option for fostering sustainable and inclusive agriculture development in India

June 2, 2015

Land scarcity, degraded ecosystems and climate change are pressures that the agriculture sector confronts in the 21st century whilst needing to meet demands for food, feed and fibre, preserve natural resources as well as ensure profitability, economic and social equity (FAO, 2015). Industrialized agriculture,1 which is capital intensive, substituting animal and human labour with machines and purchased inputs (IAASTD, 2009) has been the favoured model for agriculture development due to its tremendous success in increasing food production.

Strengthening Agricultural Biotechnology Regulation in India

September 22, 2010

The recent decision by the Ministry of Environment and Forests to place an indefinite moratorium on the release of Bt Brinjal for commercial agriculture has brought sharp focus on the stridently polarized views across the scientific community and civil society on the benefits and costs of genetically modified crops.


Technology for reclaming wastelands

We provide expertise in greening and reclamation of wasteland to turn it into green, productive land. We do this using a beneficial group of micro-organisms known as mycorrhizal fungi. Successful examples of sites reclaimed using this technology include fly ash overburdens, alkali chlor-laden sites, distillery effluent discharge sites, phosphogypsum ponds, coal mines, red mud, saline and arid sites.

Next generation technology to produce high-quality mycorrhiza

Mycorrhiza is a biofertiliser that helps promote plant growth in an environment-friendly manner and provides several benefits during the plant cultivation stages. Our in-vitro mass production technology uses a sterile, contamination-free environment, to commerciallly produce this high-quality mycorrhiza, which is viable, healthy, and genetically pure. Our next generation technology for arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi is suitable for industries and requires less space for maximum recovery of propagules (up to 1000 billion propagules/annum).

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Associate Fellow and Area Convener, Sustainable Agriculture
Associate Fellow and Area Convener, Nano Biotechnology Centre