India's waste management crisis has serious implications for its environment, economy and public health. We focus on creating technologies and solutions that minimize waste generation and convert all waste into useful products. This includes initiatives to promote a circular economy through resource efficient and cleaner production in industries, and maximize resource recovery and recycling for landfill-free cities.



  • lighting billion lives


    GIZ-TERI to help Panjim reduce GHG emissions through municipal waste management

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  • energy access


    Reducing the carton footprint

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  • micro credit


    TERI conducts a study to identify the sustainability route for the management of used straws

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  • rural-energy

    Press Release

    Goa becomes India's first state to have resource efficiency strategy; measures suggested for tourism, construction sectors, and tackling marine litter

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  • plenary landfill


    Creating awareness among school children for leveraging the use of treated wastewater in India

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Creating awareness among school children for leveraging the use of treated wastewater in India

Ms Mani Juneja
Ms Neha

The per capita water availability depends upon the population of the country and with the increasing population; the per capita availability of India is reducing and is expected to reach 1,367 cubic meters in 2021. As per Niti Aayog, 21 major cities (including Delhi, Bengaluru, Chennai, and Hyderabad) are racing towards zero groundwater levels, affecting access for 100 million people. In such a situation we need to look for alternate sources of water to meet our ever-increasing demands as water conservation and efficient use will not suffice.

क्या कोरोना के कहर से बच पाएंगे रिसाइक्लिंग से जुड़े अनौपचारिक क्षेत्र के कूड़ा इकठ्ठा करने वाले लोग?

Mr Sourabh Manuja

कोरोना वायरस की इस वैश्विक आपदा में न सिर्फ़ कूड़ा प्रबंधन की बल्कि अनौपचारिक क्षेत्र से जुड़े कचरा इकठ्ठा करने वाले लोगों की दशा दयनीय है। कचरा प्रबंधन के इस दौर में, भारत में लगभग 40 लाख अनौपचारिक कूड़ा इकठ्ठा करने वाले हैं। जहाँ भारत की राजधानी दिल्ली में अकेले ही लगभग 5 लाख अनौपचारिक कूड़ा इकठ्ठा करने वाले रहते हैं, वही भारत के प्राचीन शहर वाराणसी में ये लोग लगभग 12000 हैं जो कि इस अचानक से हुए लॉकडाउन में यथा स्थिति में फंसे हुए हैं।

GIZ-TERI to help Panjim reduce GHG emissions through municipal waste management

Mr Sourabh Manuja
Ms Shabana Mehmood Kazi
Dr Suneel Pandey

Starting May 2020, GIZ-TERI Team will audit all 125 housing societies within the city limits to assess the implementation of the Solid Waste Management Rules, 2016, the Plastic Waste Management Rules, 2016, and the Construction & Demolition Waste Management Rules, 2016.

Reducing the carton footprint

Ms Shilpi Singh

Market demand and Extended Producer Responsibility can help boost the recycling rates of used beverage cartons in India.

A family in Varanasi is turning garbage to gold

In an era where only a few want to treat waste in their backyard, Kuldeep Choudhary’s family developed it into an amusing custom at Varanasi. The waste generated in the kitchen of their house like fruit and vegetable peels, leftover food, tea leaves, garden trimmings, etc. doesn’t add load to their waste bin anymore. They simply manage their wet waste at home by recovering nutrients and creating black gold called manure.


Webinar on 'Waste Management under COVID-19: Challenges and Solutions'

April 29, 2020
to April 29, 2020

COVID-19 outbreak was declared as pandemic and health emergency was announced by the World Health Organisation on March 11, 2020. Research studies also revealed that waste materials like cardboard, plastics and steel also are carriers of COVID-19 virus and it can last upto 72 hours on these, reflecting concerns for waste stream workers and recyclers.

Webinar on Sanitation and urban poor in the context of COVID-19

April 27, 2020
to April 27, 2020


To envision a new world post COVID-19 in the context of urban sanitation and planning and define the priorities for action by the development community.

Webinar on marketing products from waste

February 28, 2020
to February 28, 2020

Large amounts of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) generated has become an increasing problem in all tourist destinations.

Webinar on 'Bid evaluation, processing, and tendering to set up waste management and treatment technologies'

November 29, 2019
to November 29, 2019

Large amounts of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) generated has become an increasing problem in all tourist destinations.

Webinar on Best practices to manage organic waste locally - Focusing on energy production through anaerobic digestion and fermentation

November 15, 2019
to November 15, 2019

Large amounts of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) generated has become an increasing problem in all tourist destinations.

Webinar on 'Preparation of Municipal Solid Waste based Refuse Derived Fuel (RDF) and its Co-processing in cement kilns'

November 1, 2019
to November 1, 2019

Large amounts of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) generated has become an increasing problem in all tourist destinations.


Used Needles, Masks, Plastic: Why India Will Need Smart Strategies to Manage Waste in Post-Covid19 World

April 24, 2020
| Dr Suneel Pandey
| Mr Sourabh Manuja
| New18

In the future, our waste management will need more mechanisation and automation to reduce human contact. A higher level of mechanisation in waste management will have to span from waste collection to treatment. We will also require fully automated material recovery units and organic waste management plants with better machine learning and robotic applications, efficient enough to avoid carbon emission burden on cities, thereby reducing climate change impact.

Can our waste management systems handle the covid-19 pandemic?

April 9, 2020
| Mr Sourabh Manuja
| Mint

For the waste management ecosystem to respond effectively, corporate social responsibility initiatives, non-governmental organisations and waste management players must come together. Collaboration will ensure that sanitation and on-ground health staff have access to PPE kits, and also help manage the flow of waste safely in this pandemic situation.

Manoeuvring Environmental Challenges with Tech-Based Solutions, Policies

October 23, 2019 |
October 25, 2019
BW Smart Cities
TERI is working to develop and implement technology solutions, emerging from national policies, to address the adverse impact energy use and waste management on the environment, shared Dr Suneel Pandey, Director, Environment and Waste Management Division, TERI, in an interview.

Reducing waste is key as phase-out won't be easy

October 13, 2019 |
October 13, 2019
Hindustan Times

According to a TERI and environment ministry fact sheet released in 2018, around 43% of manufactured plastics are used for packaging purpose and most are of single-use.

Government looks to junk plastic water bottles

September 1, 2019 |
September 1, 2019

A 2018 report by TERI states that plastic accounts for 8 per cent of the total solid waste generated in the country annually.

In East Delhi, study finds not all on board for waste segregation

June 15, 2019 |
July 15, 2019
Indian Express

More than 60% households in East Delhi's 60 colonies did not segregate their waste last year, while 71% either had their waste collected by the informal sector or disposed it themselves at vacant plots and dhalaos, a study by TERI has shown.


Nutrient pollution in the South Asia Seas (SAS)

December 3, 2019

Anthropogenic activities like (i) agriculture fertilisers, (ii) coastal pisciculture, (i) sewage discharge, (iv) industrial activity, (v) burning fossil fuels and (vi) effluents from ports increase nutrients in surface water and seas. Nitrate pollution is largely caused by agriculture run-off, discharge from industry and manure or sewage. Phosphate pollution is tied to improper treatment of detergents in wastewater and from agro-fertilisers.

Discussion Paper on Faecal Sludge Management in Urban India: Policies, Practices, and Possibilities

December 9, 2016

Urban Sanitation and Need for Faecal Sludge Management (FSM) in India The Government of India has undertaken an ambitious social change endeavour of clean and open defecation free (ODF) India. Sustained efforts in this direction has improved the sanitation scenario in India, which in turn would help in achieving the United Nations' Sustainable Development Goal 6 of universal and equitable access to safe and aff ordable drinking water and adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all.


Fellow and Area Convener, Resource Efficient Technologies
Director, Environment & Waste Management
Area Convenor, Centre for Waste Management