Electricity & Fuels

Electricity is a crucial sector for the development of a modern, prosperous and sustainable economy. We work on improving the socio-economic performance of the electricity sector, and the development and implementation of policies to reduce its environmental footprint. We work with distribution utilities, central and state level regulators, and companies in the electricity and allied fuel sectors.

Electricity Fuels


  • forest wood

    Discussion Paper

    Resolving the Crisis in Power Distribution in India

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  • village-community



    Capacity building programme for the Senior Level officials of Andhra Pradesh Power Utilities


  • nagaland hunter


    Energy Transitions India - Developing pathways to a low-carbon economy

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  • nagaland biodiversity


    Just Transition, sectoral planning based on demand profiles – TERI's suggestions for draft National Electricity Policy 2021

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  • Social Impact Assessment


    India: Transforming to a net-zero emissions energy system - Scenarios Sketch

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Just Transition, sectoral planning based on demand profiles – TERI's suggestions for draft National Electricity Policy 2021

Mr A K Saxena

TERI's presentation and detailed comments on India's draft electricity policy. It also iterated that locking of investment in new coal capacity should be last resort.

What would make Indians buy EVs? Our survey has some answers

Mr Parmeet Singh

TERI's survey on consumer perception of electric vehicles (EVs) revealed that issues like upfront cost, battery replacement, and range anxiety are topmost concerns for people considering buying an EV.

Integrating electric buses in public transport: Kolkata's success story

Mr Alekhya Datta
Dr Shashank Vyas
Mr Ram Krishan

The IEA featured TERI's case study on Kolkata's successful operation of e-buses fleet in its flagship publication GEVO 2020

The e-buses fleet was inaugurated by honourable chief minister of West Bengal, Mamata Banerjee.

Nudging MSMEs towards natural gas to lighten Delhi's air pollution burden

Dr Manish Anand

Making natural gas an attractive fuel option for small and medium industries can be an important step in cleaning Delhi-NCR's air

Managing India's clean energy waste: A roadmap for the solar and storage industry

With the increasing penetration of distributed renewable energy sources such as solar PV and energy storage into the Indian electricity sector, it is necessary to prepare for managing the waste generated from these technologies. The reduce, reuse, and recover approach offers multiple socio-economic benefits besides being environmentally benign.


Release of TERI’s Report on ‘Pumped Storage Plants – Essential for India’s Energy Transition’

November 20, 2023
to November 20, 2023

 20th November 2023 from 3:00 to 4:30 p.m.| Dr R K Pachauri Conference Room, TERI 

EU-India Roadmap for Cooperation On Biofuels from Biomass for Aviation and Maritime Transport

August 21, 2023
to August 22, 2023

August 21-22, 2023: The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI), New Delhi, India 

Pumped Storage Plants : Key Enabler of India's energy Transition

October 28, 2022
to October 28, 2022

At the Glasgow COP26 meeting last year, the Hon’ble Prime Minister promised to strengthen India’s climate commitments. He made five promises, and called them the 'Panchamrits.' India’s new 2030 targets are the following:

Distribution System Analysis Training Workshops

September 26, 2022
to September 28, 2022

On 26th to 28th September 2022 | 10:00 AM - 03:30 PM

Opportunity for Low-Emission transportation in South Asia, Pacific & African regions

July 29, 2022
to July 29, 2022

On 29th July 2022 | 09:30 AM - 10:30 AM


Energy Transition: Why it is time for India to focus on CSP with Storage

September 5, 2023
| Mr Ajay Shankar
| ET Energy World

It is time for India to begin its CSP program. It should do what has been working well; invite bids for setting up a few CSPs said Mr Ajay Shankar, Distinguished Fellow, TERI.

The necessity of electricity distribution companies

June 10, 2023
| Mr Ajay Shankar
| The Hindu

The Electricity Act 2003 provided the framework for the dismantling of the State Electricity Boards and the separation of generation, transmission and distribution into separate companies. Electricity generation was delicensed, while transmission and distribution remained licenced and regulated activities. Promoting competition, protecting consumer interests, and the supply of electricity to all were key objectives of the legislation. Under the new regime, a competitive industry structure in generation has evolved.

Produce coal, not coal stations

December 22, 2022
| Mr Ajay Shankar
| The Hindu Business Line

There is an urgent need to boost domestic coal production. Ramping up production to the extent technically feasible from operating mines, fast forwarding production from mines under development, and developing new mines to meet the total demand of thermal power plants and industry should be a priority.

Open access II: India's attempt to expand scope of green energy initiatives

July 29, 2022 |
July 29, 2022
Business Standard

The new guidelines are positive and encouraging steps if we have to meet target of renewable energy, but state distribution companies will find the new policy challenging, according to Mr A K Saxena, Senior Director, TERI.

Powering up after the power crisis shock

May 10, 2022
| Mr Ajay Shankar
| The Hindu

The robust economic recovery after two waves of COVID-19 and the unexpected heat wave have brought back power cuts. The Government is undertaking emergency measures such as cancelling passenger trains so as to be able to get the Indian Railways to transport more coal to power plants, and issuing directives to use more imported coal to tide over the supply shortfall. To improve reliability, Discoms, with the approval of the Regulatory Commissions, need to go in for bids for storage. It may even turn out to be the cheaper option in the short run to meet peaking power needs.

Digging deep into the coal crisis

May 5, 2022
| Mr Ajay Shankar
| The Hindu Business Line

Coal and power shortages are dominating the headlines. States are being asked to import coal. The common understanding is that electricity demand has suddenly surged with a robust post Covid economic recovery and an unexpected heat wave. The cancellation of coal blocks and inadequate domestic production have made costly imports inevitable. Increasing domestic production to reduce and even avoid imports altogether is imperative.


Resolving the Crisis in Power Distribution in India

August 5, 2021

The discussion paper on 'Resolving the Crisis in Power Distribution in India' explores possible ways to address the challenges faced by the distribution sector.

Discussion paper on Retail competition in power distribution

March 18, 2021

The discussion paper analyses the implications of the separation of 'carriage' (the wires business) and 'content' (the supply business) in retail electricity distribution in India

Impact of Environmental Regulation on Utility Business

September 17, 2020

This paper examines the impact of the electric utilities sector on the environment, including global climate change and more local or regional environmental issues such as air pollution.

Emissions control in thermal power stations: Issues, challenges, and the way forward

February 21, 2020

As per TERI's analysis, of the total environmental pollution in 2016, the power sector reportedly accounted for 51% of sulphur dioxide (SO2), 43% of carbon dioxide (CO2), 20% of oxides of nitrogen (NOx), and 7% of PM2.5 emissions.

Senior Director, Electricity and Renewables