In the post-Paris agreement era, accelerating climate action is the biggest hope to ensure a safe future for all. In India, our work focuses on climate modelling to develop a better understanding of climate variability at regional scales. We study the risks and vulnerabilities of key sectors such as water, health, agriculture and industry. Our work in climate science is inextricably linked to policy research and recommendations for the Indian government to shape its domestic policies, as well as contribute to its position in global negotiations. Through a number of initiatives, we are beginning to extend our knowledge and research in climate science and policy to other emerging economies.



  • Financing


    Financing Low Carbon Transition in India's MSME Sector

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    HFCs – Enabling efficient refrigerant transitions

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  • climate change video


    A primer on climate change, its impacts, actions and assessments

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  • climate

    Policy Brief

    Mobile Air Conditioning (MAC): A technology landscape, challenges and opportunities for sustainable cooling

    Read more
  • Adaptation future


    Locked houses, Fallow lands: Climate Change and Migration in Uttarakhand, India

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India-EU Track-II Dialogue First high-level meeting of the Finance Working Group

The first high-level meeting of the India-EU Track II dialogue on Finance Working Group jointly curated by TERI, Institute for Sustainable Development and International Relations (IDDRI) along with the European Climate Foundation (ECF) took place successfully on December 16th, 2021. The meeting was attended by over 10 experts representing leading think tanks, industry and academia from India and the EU, who have been instrumental in driving climate action in both regions.

Managing Heat Stress during the COVID-19 Lockdown in 2020

Ms Neha Bharti
Ms Suruchi Bhadwal
Ms Dhriti Pathak
Mr Santosh Kumar Muriki

Due to the increase in anthropogenic activities, global temperatures have shown a warming trend of approximately 1°C (likely between 0.8°C and 1.2°C) above pre-industrial levels. Annual surface air temperatures over India also have shown increasing trends of similar magnitude during the period 1901–2014. The Sixth Assessment Report (AR6) of The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) released in 2021 has predicted heat waves and heat stress to be more intense and frequent during the 21st century in South Asian region including India.

Reflections from COP26 - Relevance for India Inc.

Ms Taruna Idnani

The twenty-sixth session of the Conference of the Parties (COP26) to the UNFCCC, that is, The 2021 United Nations Climate Change Conference has sent a clear message to global corporates and executives—to direct their investments in innovative projects and new technologies, reassess their business models and carbon footprint in order to make a rapid and necessary transition to sustainability and guarantee a cleaner, safer, and healthier planet.

COP26 outcomes are a mixed bag

Mr R R Rashmi

The Glasgow Climate Pact has been reached after much struggle. It is a mixed bag of partial successes and missed opportunities.

Two areas where COP26 completed its work with a reasonable degree of efficiency are related to finalising the carbon market mechanisms under Article 6, and completing the residual transparency arrangements under Article 13 of the Paris Agreement.

Dr. Vibha Dhawan, DG, TERI on India's ambitious and bold stand on climate action and equity

Dr Vibha Dhawan

Dr. Vibha Dhawan, Director General, commends India’s ambitious and bold stand on climate action and equity

Considering the urgency of actions needed to address climate change, it is encouraging to see India announcing ambitious 2030 targets along with initiatives such as the Infrastructure for Resilient Island States (IRIS) and Green Grids Initiative— One Sun One World One Grid (GGI-OSOWOG).

A Critical Analysis of Article 4.19 of the Paris Agreement

Dr Shailly Kedia

While there is a growing narrative by countries to include adaptation within their long-term strategies (LTS), however such narratives have not translated into a very high-level of integration with concrete 'formulation' and 'communication'.


World Sustainable Development Summit 2023

February 22, 2023
to February 24, 2023

On 22th - 24th November 2022


December 20, 2022
to December 20, 2022

On 2nd December 2022 | 14:30 – 19:00 Hrs. (IST) / 10:00 – 14:30 Hrs. (CET)

How Can Asia Achieve a Net Zero Future? Building Coalitions for Transformative Change

November 16, 2022
to November 16, 2022

On 16th November 2022 | 16:45—18:15 hours EET [20:15–21:45 hours IST]

Climate Action through Innovation, Implementation and Inclusive Multi-level Governance

November 16, 2022
to November 16, 2022

On 16th November 2022 | 11:30 to 13:00 EEST (15:00 to 16:30 IST)

The prospects and challenges of the Enhanced Transparency Framework as a driver of climate ambition

November 15, 2022
to November 15, 2022

On 15th November 2022 | 16:45 – 18:15 (GMT +2)

Future Climate Leaders Program- Role of Youth in Climate Change Discourse: Inspiring solutions from local to global levels

November 14, 2022
to November 14, 2022

On 14th November 2022 | 18:30 - 20:00 Hrs (EET)


Experts to frame climate action plan for Mumbai Metropolitan region

November 22, 2022 |
November 22, 2022
The Times of India

A climate action plan is being prepared for the Mumbai Metropolitan Region (MMR) to enable authorities to tackle potential challenges posed by the likelihood of floods and rising temperature. As per the Environment Impact Assessment report of 2015 prepared by TERI, approximately 671.2 (15%) of MMR's total area is covered with wetlands and water bodies.

TERI's Vibha Dhawan says switch to renewables gives India environment and economic advantage

November 17, 2022 |
November 17, 2022
The Financial Express

Speaking the FE Electric Mobility Summit, TERI Director General Dr Vibha Dhawan highlighted the challenges with respect to faster EV adoption in the country and how alternative tech can make a difference.

₹27k cr loss in 30 yrs in ecosystem services

November 17, 2022 |
November 17, 2022
The Times of India

Researchers from international climate research agency, Zero Carbon Analytics, estimate a loss of Rs 27,000 crore in "ecosystem services" of the Sundarban Biosphere Reserve in the last 30 years, over 80% of which is mangroves. Mr R R Rashmi, distinguished fellow, TERI, said if the money needed to mitigate the effects of climate change isn't found soon, the fragile ecosystem would get affected faster than we would be able to act. 

Governments must act decisively at COP27 to build a safer world for all

November 11, 2022
| Dr Maria Mendiluce, We Mean Business, and Dr Vibha Dhawan, TERI
| Business Green

The climate emergency is the biggest and most complex challenge humanity faces. It cannot be solved in isolation from other crises. It must be resolved collectively, across public and private sectors and alongside communities. At COP27, countries need to come up with workable and effective funding solutions for adaptation and loss and damage. This must focus on those vulnerable communities – and the women within them – that have polluted the least and now suffer the most.

COP-27: Payback time for rich nations

November 11, 2022
| Mr Ajay Shankar
| The Indian Express

At the ongoing COP 27 at Sharm El-Sheikh in Egypt, the IPCC has made it clear that climate catastrophe is unfolding. Global warming has already touched 1.1 degrees Celsius and extreme weather events are becoming more frequent and severe. The current commitments and policies of different nations will lead to a temperature rise of 2.8 degrees by the end of this century. The window of opportunity to restrict global warming to 1.5 degrees seems to be closing rapidly. To avert this, carbon emissions must come down 45 per cent by 2030 and touch net zero by 2050.

How do we pay for climate change adaptation?

November 7, 2022
| Mr R R Rashmi
| 360 info

The latest round of international climate change negotiations, COP27, is labelled the "Adaptation COP". The 2015 Paris Agreement recognizes that loss and damage arising from adverse impacts of climate change must be dealt with separately from adaptation. Loss and damage due to climate change is still an inexact science, so the controversy over the scale and nature of assistance for meeting loss and damage is likely.


Joint Crediting Mechanism and Article 6 of the Paris Agreement: Strengthening Japan-India Technology Collaboration

July 1, 2022

Under the ambit of Article 6 of the Paris Agreement, this issue brief explores the potential of a Japan –India partnership and examines the opportunities for shaping mutual ties through the Joint Crediting Mechanism.

Transitioning to a Low Carbon Technology for the Road Transport in India

March 14, 2022

India is the world’s third largest emitter of greenhouse gas emissions. At present, India accounts for a significant multimodal road transport sector contributing approximately 10 per cent of country’s total CO2 emissions, making it the second most carbon emitting sector in the country. Driven by rising population, income, and urbanization, under a business-as-usual scenario, India’s energy demand from transport is projected to increase six fold in 2050 from current levels.

Super Efficient AC Deployment: Opportunities through business models in India

February 13, 2021

The policy brief aims to analyse the bulk procurement program for Super-Efficient Air Conditioners which includes key business strategies and technical criteria. The paper further analyses the existing framework of the model and elucidates key takeaways for impact enhancement. It explores various international models available in the cooling sector to recognize their applicability in the Indian context to promote low GWP refrigerant based energy-efficient air conditioners.

Mobile Air Conditioning (MAC): A technology landscape, challenges and opportunities for sustainable cooling

December 22, 2020

Cooling with its wide range of applications viz residence, commercial, transport and cold chain leaves a significant carbon footprint due to its colossal energy consumption and refrigerant practices.

Discounting the Climate Future: Social Discount Rate for India's Climate Policy

November 27, 2020

Climate change, from an economic perspective, can be understood as a market failure. The associated risks with this changing climate, as well as impacts on socio-economic systems in form of health, livelihood, food and water security, are projected to be higher with increasing global warming.


Climate change risk assessment

We generate climate projections at global and regional scales and impacts, vulnerability and adaptation assessments in key sectors using established models and our in-house super-computing facility. We also conducts GHG inventorization and mitigation analysis. We provide national and international policy analysis and review, and contribute to key issues in negotiations encompassing adaptation, mitigation, technology, and finance.

Director, Earth Science and Climate Change
Fellow and Area Convenor, Center for Global Environment Research