In the post-Paris agreement era, accelerating climate action is the biggest hope to ensure a safe future for all. In India, our work focuses on climate modelling to develop a better understanding of climate variability at regional scales. We study the risks and vulnerabilities of key sectors such as water, health, agriculture and industry. Our work in climate science is inextricably linked to policy research and recommendations for the Indian government to shape its domestic policies, as well as contribute to its position in global negotiations. Through a number of initiatives, we are beginning to extend our knowledge and research in climate science and policy to other emerging economies.



  • Climate


    Mobilizing the private sector for developing resilient infrastructure in India

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    HFCs – Enabling efficient refrigerant transitions

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  • climate change video


    A primer on climate change, its impacts, actions and assessments

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  • climate

    Policy Brief

    Mobile Air Conditioning (MAC): A technology landscape, challenges and opportunities for sustainable cooling

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  • Adaptation future


    Locked houses, Fallow lands: Climate Change and Migration in Uttarakhand, India

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India-EU Track-II Dialogue First high-level meeting of the Finance Working Group

The first high-level meeting of the India-EU Track II dialogue on Finance Working Group jointly curated by TERI, Institute for Sustainable Development and International Relations (IDDRI) along with the European Climate Foundation (ECF) took place successfully on December 16th, 2021. The meeting was attended by over 10 experts representing leading think tanks, industry and academia from India and the EU, who have been instrumental in driving climate action in both regions.

Managing Heat Stress during the COVID-19 Lockdown in 2020

Ms Neha Bharti
Ms Suruchi Bhadwal
Ms Dhriti Pathak
Mr Santosh Kumar Muriki

Due to the increase in anthropogenic activities, global temperatures have shown a warming trend of approximately 1°C (likely between 0.8°C and 1.2°C) above pre-industrial levels. Annual surface air temperatures over India also have shown increasing trends of similar magnitude during the period 1901–2014. The Sixth Assessment Report (AR6) of The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) released in 2021 has predicted heat waves and heat stress to be more intense and frequent during the 21st century in South Asian region including India.

Reflections from COP26 - Relevance for India Inc.

Ms Taruna Idnani

The twenty-sixth session of the Conference of the Parties (COP26) to the UNFCCC, that is, The 2021 United Nations Climate Change Conference has sent a clear message to global corporates and executives—to direct their investments in innovative projects and new technologies, reassess their business models and carbon footprint in order to make a rapid and necessary transition to sustainability and guarantee a cleaner, safer, and healthier planet.

COP26 outcomes are a mixed bag

Mr R R Rashmi

The Glasgow Climate Pact has been reached after much struggle. It is a mixed bag of partial successes and missed opportunities.

Two areas where COP26 completed its work with a reasonable degree of efficiency are related to finalising the carbon market mechanisms under Article 6, and completing the residual transparency arrangements under Article 13 of the Paris Agreement.

Dr. Vibha Dhawan, DG, TERI on India's ambitious and bold stand on climate action and equity

Dr Vibha Dhawan

Dr. Vibha Dhawan, Director General, commends India’s ambitious and bold stand on climate action and equity

Considering the urgency of actions needed to address climate change, it is encouraging to see India announcing ambitious 2030 targets along with initiatives such as the Infrastructure for Resilient Island States (IRIS) and Green Grids Initiative— One Sun One World One Grid (GGI-OSOWOG).

A Critical Analysis of Article 4.19 of the Paris Agreement

Dr Shailly Kedia

While there is a growing narrative by countries to include adaptation within their long-term strategies (LTS), however such narratives have not translated into a very high-level of integration with concrete 'formulation' and 'communication'.


Opportunity for Low-Emission transportation in South Asia, Pacific & African regions

July 29, 2022
to July 29, 2022

On 29th July 2022 | 09:30 AM - 10:30 AM

Launch of Future Climate Leaders Program

July 8, 2022
to July 8, 2022

On 8th July 2022 | 4 - 5 PM

The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) in partnership with Evergreen Story is organising a virtual launch event for the Future Climate Leaders program on July 8, 2022 from 4 - 5 PM (IST).

Inception Meeting - Small Grant Program (7th Operational Phase) in India

March 29, 2022
to March 29, 2022


On 29th March 2022 | 1130-1330 Hours

Webinar on Mainstreaming Climate Change into Development Policies and Strategies

March 21, 2022
to March 21, 2022

On 21st March 2022 | 11:00hrs - 12:30hrs IST

Multistakeholder Dialogue: Engendering Climate Induced Migration: Perspectives from Asia

February 9, 2022
to February 9, 2022

The multistakeholder dialogue is directly informed by the voices and experiences of men and women affected by environmental and climate hazards in India, Bangladesh and Nepal.

On 9 February, 2022 | 01:00 PM to 05:00 PM IST


Green Attracts Green In India’s ESG Era

September 1, 2022 |
September 21, 2022
Outlook Business

Green finance in grossly inadequate in India, considering the ambition expressed in India's climate change goals, observes Mr R R Rashmi, Distinguished Fellow, TERI.

India' enhanced climate pledges fall short of expectations

August 30, 2022 |
August 30, 2022
Gas Outlook

India has improved the targets under the NDCs in response to anticipation of the international community as also the requirement of the Paris Agreement, noted Mr R R Rashmi, Distinguished Fellow, TERI.

Flaws in our emission reduction goals

August 24, 2022
| Mr R R Rashmi
| The Hindu Business Line

Mobilising finance for employing low emission technologies and products is the other key intervention. Businesses do not take decisions merely on the promise of a goal. They require either a regulatory framework or a financial package that increases the scale of operations and reduces the risk on investments. The Reserve Bank of India has recently come out with a discussion paper on ways of mitigating climate risks for financial institutions. This should be taken to the logical end to devise the risk mitigation instruments that lower the cost of capital and risk of green investments.

India enhanced ambitions when world seeing less action on climate change: Experts

August 4, 2022 |
August 4, 2022
The Hindu

Mr R. R. Rashmi, Distinguished Fellow, TERI, said the decision by India to update its NDCs is in line with the Prime Minister's Glasgow announcements.

Climate Change | With more weather extremes in future, India needs new, effective solutions

August 2, 2022
| Ms Amrita Jha
| Moneycontrol

According to the World Bank's analysis, the rising temperature and altered rainfall pattern brought on by Climate Change, might cost India 2.8 percent of its GDP by 2050. The reality is that India will still see an annual temperature increase of 1 to 2 degrees Celsius even if it implements every decision made in the 2015 Paris agreement. If no action is taken, the increase will be between 1.5 and 3 degrees Celsius per year. This year, the northwest region faced the hottest April in 122 years with temperatures touching above 40 degrees.

CM meets with Director General, Dr Vibha Dhawan of The Energy & Resources Institute (TERI)

June 23, 2022 |
July 23, 2022
Goa News Hub

A delegation of TERI representatives along with the Director General Dr Vibha Dhawan had a meeting with the Chief Minister of Goa to brief him about TERI’s activities in various field of sustainable research, which could be implemented for the betterment of Goa such as renewable energy, climate change.


Joint Crediting Mechanism and Article 6 of the Paris Agreement: Strengthening Japan-India Technology Collaboration

July 1, 2022

Under the ambit of Article 6 of the Paris Agreement, this issue brief explores the potential of a Japan –India partnership and examines the opportunities for shaping mutual ties through the Joint Crediting Mechanism.

Transitioning to a Low Carbon Technology for the Road Transport in India

March 14, 2022

India is the world’s third largest emitter of greenhouse gas emissions. At present, India accounts for a significant multimodal road transport sector contributing approximately 10 per cent of country’s total CO2 emissions, making it the second most carbon emitting sector in the country. Driven by rising population, income, and urbanization, under a business-as-usual scenario, India’s energy demand from transport is projected to increase six fold in 2050 from current levels.

Super Efficient AC Deployment: Opportunities through business models in India

February 13, 2021

The policy brief aims to analyse the bulk procurement program for Super-Efficient Air Conditioners which includes key business strategies and technical criteria. The paper further analyses the existing framework of the model and elucidates key takeaways for impact enhancement. It explores various international models available in the cooling sector to recognize their applicability in the Indian context to promote low GWP refrigerant based energy-efficient air conditioners.

Mobile Air Conditioning (MAC): A technology landscape, challenges and opportunities for sustainable cooling

December 22, 2020

Cooling with its wide range of applications viz residence, commercial, transport and cold chain leaves a significant carbon footprint due to its colossal energy consumption and refrigerant practices.

Discounting the Climate Future: Social Discount Rate for India's Climate Policy

November 27, 2020

Climate change, from an economic perspective, can be understood as a market failure. The associated risks with this changing climate, as well as impacts on socio-economic systems in form of health, livelihood, food and water security, are projected to be higher with increasing global warming.

Understanding Perspectives: A Behavioural Study in the Indian Cooling Sector

November 2, 2020

The impact of climate change is manifesting itself in increasingly erratic weather patterns, and even these increasing in frequency and severity. Heat waves in the summer months across the hemispheres are becoming more the norm than the exception. The 2019 report by the International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) estimated that around 2.3 billion people could be both exposed and vulnerable to heatwave events due to 1.5°C of global warming.


Climate change risk assessment

We generate climate projections at global and regional scales and impacts, vulnerability and adaptation assessments in key sectors using established models and our in-house super-computing facility. We also conducts GHG inventorization and mitigation analysis. We provide national and international policy analysis and review, and contribute to key issues in negotiations encompassing adaptation, mitigation, technology, and finance.

Director, Earth Science and Climate Change
Fellow and Area Convenor, Center for Global Environment Research