In the post-Paris agreement era, accelerating climate action is the biggest hope to ensure a safe future for all. In India, our work focuses on climate modelling to develop a better understanding of climate variability at regional scales. We study the risks and vulnerabilities of key sectors such as water, health, agriculture and industry. Our work in climate science is inextricably linked to policy research and recommendations for the Indian government to shape its domestic policies, as well as contribute to its position in global negotiations. Through a number of initiatives, we are beginning to extend our knowledge and research in climate science and policy to other emerging economies.



  • Climate


    Mobilizing the private sector for developing resilient infrastructure in India

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    HFCs – Enabling efficient refrigerant transitions

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    Strengthening climate action through NDC and enhanced transparency initiative

    11th November, 2021 | 1:15 pm – 2:30 pm (GMT); 6:45 pm – 8:00 pm (IST)

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  • climate

    Policy Brief

    Mobile Air Conditioning (MAC): A technology landscape, challenges and opportunities for sustainable cooling

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  • Adaptation future


    Locked houses, Fallow lands: Climate Change and Migration in Uttarakhand, India

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COP26 outcomes are a mixed bag

Mr R R Rashmi

The Glasgow Climate Pact has been reached after much struggle. It is a mixed bag of partial successes and missed opportunities.

Two areas where COP26 completed its work with a reasonable degree of efficiency are related to finalising the carbon market mechanisms under Article 6, and completing the residual transparency arrangements under Article 13 of the Paris Agreement.

Dr. Vibha Dhawan, DG, TERI on India's ambitious and bold stand on climate action and equity

Dr Vibha Dhawan

Dr. Vibha Dhawan, Director General, commends India’s ambitious and bold stand on climate action and equity

Considering the urgency of actions needed to address climate change, it is encouraging to see India announcing ambitious 2030 targets along with initiatives such as the Infrastructure for Resilient Island States (IRIS) and Green Grids Initiative— One Sun One World One Grid (GGI-OSOWOG).

A Critical Analysis of Article 4.19 of the Paris Agreement

Dr Shailly Kedia

While there is a growing narrative by countries to include adaptation within their long-term strategies (LTS), however such narratives have not translated into a very high-level of integration with concrete 'formulation' and 'communication'.

India's Tryst with Natural Disasters - Environmental Laws Should Be Strictly Implemented

In the first few decades since Independence, disaster response in India was traditionally concerned with relief and rehabilitation during the post-disaster period. It was only following the 1999 Odisha super cyclone and the 2001 Bhuj earthquake that disaster management in India came into maturity. In this article, Dr Rina Mukherji traces the growth of disaster response and its evolution in India, over the years.

TERI launches The Bulbul, a Pan Himalayan Network of Climate Change Journalists

TERI Web Desk

The Bulbul, a multimedia platform that will focus on climate change reporting in the Himalayan region kicked off with an inception meeting on June 11. Conceptualised by TERI, with the support of Internews' Earth Journalism Network, this initiative will provide fellowship to fourteen journalists and scholars from the Himalayan region in India and Nepal to undertake a six month online training in climate change communication.

Hope on Climate Change: Reasons to be optimistic

Mr Ajay Shankar

The total commitments made under the Paris Agreement were too little to limit global warming to 2 degrees Celsius, whereas scientists agree that limiting warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius is vital. Ajay Shankar says that recent developments give cause for optimism for the first time as the President of the USA has brought the USA back into the Paris Agreement and is providing leadership for a net carbon-neutral global economy.


Strengthening climate action through NDC and enhanced transparency initiative

November 11, 2021
to November 11, 2021

The Initiative for Climate Action Transparency (ICAT) aims to strengthen capacities in developing countries to assess the impacts of their climate policies and actions and to support greater transparency, effectiveness, ambition and trust in climate policies worldwide.

Launch of COP26 Charter of Actions and discussion on "Beyond Climate Neutrality: Using LTS to Chart an Equitable Path for a Resilient Planet"

November 6, 2021
to November 6, 2021

Long-term strategies (LTS) and equity considerations are crucial to raise ambition in short-term climate policy, finance and to reach climate stabilization. We discuss their role in sustainability governance, core topics such as energy & transport, ecosystem stewardship, CO2 removal and adaptation.

Mobilizing Finance for climate friendly cooling in developing countries

November 3, 2021
to November 3, 2021

TERI is facilitating an international roundtable discussion at the side event of COP26 bringing together international experts from Government, Funding Agencies and think tanks to share their experience apropos to global influencing centre.


November 1, 2021
to November 12, 2021

The 26th Conference of the Parties (COP26) under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change will be held from 1–12 November 2021 in Glasgow and will aim to mobilize the action on mitigation, adaptation, and resilience, and strengthen the narrative for better alignment with sustainable development goals.

On 1 - 12 November 2021

National Conference on COP26 Charter of Actions

October 13, 2021
to October 13, 2021

The 26th UN Climate Change Conference of the Parties (COP26), to be held from 1–12 November 2021 in Glasgow will aim to mobilize the action on mitigation, adaptation, and resilience, and strengthen the narrative for better alignment with sustainable development goals (SDGs).

Adaptation Futures

October 5, 2021
to October 8, 2021

About Adaptation Futures

TERI will co-host Adaptation Futures 2020 with the World Adaptation Science Programme (WASP) in Delhi from October 5 - 8, 2021.


Finance loss and damage to address displacement: Climate activists

November 11, 2021 |
November 29, 2021
The Business Standard

There may be a lot of debate on why people are migrating, but looking at the underlying issues, it seems most people leave Bangladesh due to environmental factors such as water scarcity, flood-related events, water-logging, and climate-induced displacement, said Ms Suruchi Bhadwal, Director, Earth Science and Climate Change Division, TERI.

Hope COP26 will make efforts on adaptation finance

November 11, 2021 |
November 29, 2021
Hindustan Times

In an interview with the newspaper, Mr Manjeev Singh Puri, Distinguished Fellow, TERI spoke about his assessment of the chances of a result and his own expectations from the climate conference.

Glasgow Climate Conference: Did climate win?

November 23, 2021
| Mr R R Rashmi
| The Economic Times

The Glasgow Climate Pact has been reached after much struggle. The host UK may like to pat themselves on the back for some of its successes but it appears that it missed a large number of opportunities. Technology was a critical missing piece especially given the need to reduce emissions at a fast pace in the current decade. Innovation in new technologies like green hydrogen for energy generation and storage are key to low emission growth. The CoP should have actively promoted and financed global technology platforms of this nature at Glasgow.

Glasgow Climate Pact: Unpacking Underrated Adaptation and ‘Loss & Damage’ Components of Climate Change

November 19, 2021
| Dr Shailly Kedia
| Ms Nivedita Cholayil
| The Weather Channel

The message from climate science is clear. Unless both immediate and ambitious climate actions to reduce greenhouse gas emissions are taken, the earth's temperature is set to rise by 2.7°C above the pre-industrial levels by the end of the century. This is much beyond the 1.5°C temperature goal that negotiators struggled and fought so hard to keep alive in the recently concluded COP26 discussions that resulted in the Glasgow Climate Pact.

MoEFCC Secretary launches COP26 Charter of Actions prepared by TERI in Glasgow

November 8, 2021 |
November 8, 2021
Business Standard

The charter underlines that "cumulative CO2 emissions of countries since 1850 should be guiding climate mitigation action".

Why India's net-zero commitment matters for the world

October 30, 2021
| Mr Ajay Shankar
| Indian Express

India provided leadership to developing countries in getting the principle of "common but differentiated responsibility" accepted at the UNFCCC (United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change) in 1992. Equity and climate justice imply equal human rights to development, energy consumption, and carbon emissions. The advanced countries were to reduce their carbon emissions substantially. Innovative technologies would emerge in the process.


Super Efficient AC Deployment: Opportunities through business models in India

February 13, 2021

The policy brief aims to analyse the bulk procurement program for Super-Efficient Air Conditioners which includes key business strategies and technical criteria. The paper further analyses the existing framework of the model and elucidates key takeaways for impact enhancement. It explores various international models available in the cooling sector to recognize their applicability in the Indian context to promote low GWP refrigerant based energy-efficient air conditioners.

Mobile Air Conditioning (MAC): A technology landscape, challenges and opportunities for sustainable cooling

December 22, 2020

Cooling with its wide range of applications viz residence, commercial, transport and cold chain leaves a significant carbon footprint due to its colossal energy consumption and refrigerant practices.

Discounting the Climate Future: Social Discount Rate for India's Climate Policy

November 27, 2020

Climate change, from an economic perspective, can be understood as a market failure. The associated risks with this changing climate, as well as impacts on socio-economic systems in form of health, livelihood, food and water security, are projected to be higher with increasing global warming.

Understanding Perspectives: A Behavioural Study in the Indian Cooling Sector

November 2, 2020

The impact of climate change is manifesting itself in increasingly erratic weather patterns, and even these increasing in frequency and severity. Heat waves in the summer months across the hemispheres are becoming more the norm than the exception. The 2019 report by the International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) estimated that around 2.3 billion people could be both exposed and vulnerable to heatwave events due to 1.5°C of global warming.

G20's role in Marine Biodiversity

October 27, 2020

Collectively, Group of Twenty (G20) countries are yet to reach the 10% target set under the 2020 Aichi biodiversity targets - including marine biodiversity - and SDGs. This policy brief explores policy options and best pratices for enhancing Marine Protected Areas (MPA).

Toward a Comprehensive Approach to Youth Empowerment for Climate Action

September 23, 2020

This brief focuses on empowering the youth to act on climate change and environmental protection by strengthening formal and informal environmental and sustainability education.


Climate change risk assessment

We generate climate projections at global and regional scales and impacts, vulnerability and adaptation assessments in key sectors using established models and our in-house super-computing facility. We also conducts GHG inventorization and mitigation analysis. We provide national and international policy analysis and review, and contribute to key issues in negotiations encompassing adaptation, mitigation, technology, and finance.

Director, Earth Science and Climate Change
Fellow and Area Convener, Centre for Climate Modelling
Fellow and Area Convener, Centre for Global Environment Research