In the post-Paris agreement era, accelerating climate action is the biggest hope to ensure a safe future for all. In India, our work focuses on climate modelling to develop a better understanding of climate variability at regional scales. We study the risks and vulnerabilities of key sectors such as water, health, agriculture and industry. Our work in climate science is inextricably linked to policy research and recommendations for the Indian government to shape its domestic policies, as well as contribute to its position in global negotiations. Through a number of initiatives, we are beginning to extend our knowledge and research in climate science and policy to other emerging economies.



  • Climate


    Mobilizing the private sector for developing resilient infrastructure in India

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    HFCs – Enabling efficient refrigerant transitions

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  • climate change video


    Lessons from the Pandemic – Accelerating Preparedness for Climate Change in India

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  • climate

    Policy Brief

    Mobile Air Conditioning (MAC): A technology landscape, challenges and opportunities for sustainable cooling

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  • Adaptation future


    Locked houses, Fallow lands: Climate Change and Migration in Uttarakhand, India

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India's Tryst with Natural Disasters - Environmental Laws Should Be Strictly Implemented

In the first few decades since Independence, disaster response in India was traditionally concerned with relief and rehabilitation during the post-disaster period. It was only following the 1999 Odisha super cyclone and the 2001 Bhuj earthquake that disaster management in India came into maturity. In this article, Dr Rina Mukherji traces the growth of disaster response and its evolution in India, over the years.

TERI launches The Bulbul, a Pan Himalayan Network of Climate Change Journalists

TERI Web Desk

The Bulbul, a multimedia platform that will focus on climate change reporting in the Himalayan region kicked off with an inception meeting on June 11. Conceptualised by TERI, with the support of Internews' Earth Journalism Network, this initiative will provide fellowship to fourteen journalists and scholars from the Himalayan region in India and Nepal to undertake a six month online training in climate change communication.

Hope on Climate Change: Reasons to be optimistic

Mr Ajay Shankar

The total commitments made under the Paris Agreement were too little to limit global warming to 2 degrees Celsius, whereas scientists agree that limiting warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius is vital. Ajay Shankar says that recent developments give cause for optimism for the first time as the President of the USA has brought the USA back into the Paris Agreement and is providing leadership for a net carbon-neutral global economy.

Development of thematic working groups, low-carbon transition and climate finance: A glimpse into the first high-level meeting

Ms Ritu Ahuja

The first high-level meeting of India-EU Track II dialogue saw discussions around possible areas of collaboration towards a low-carbon transition and a way to mobilise climate finance for enabling this transition across energy, industry and transport sectors.

Lessons from the Pandemic – Accelerating Preparedness for Climate Change in India

Ms Tamiksha Singh
Ms Sachi Vohra

The COVID-19 pandemic could be seen as a forewarning of the other under-addressed global disasters which looming on the horizon, particularly those brought on by climate change. The onset of climate change impacts along with the climate-related natural disasters are an even bigger threat to public welfare and health than the ongoing pandemic.

Potential of India-EU Cooperation on Climate and Development

Ms Ritu Ahuja
Mr Abhishek Kaushik
Ms N R Mekhala Sastry

India and the European Union (EU) are key players in the field of international climate diplomacy. This briefing note on the India-EU Track II dialogue details a range of areas for potential cooperation between India and EU to further goals of climate action and sustainable development.


National Conference on COP26 Charter of Actions

October 13, 2021
to October 13, 2021

The 26th UN Climate Change Conference of the Parties (COP26), to be held from 1–12 November 2021 in Glasgow will aim to mobilize the action on mitigation, adaptation, and resilience, and strengthen the narrative for better alignment with sustainable development goals (SDGs).

Adaptation Futures

October 5, 2021
to October 8, 2021

About Adaptation Futures

TERI will co-host Adaptation Futures 2020 with the World Adaptation Science Programme (WASP) in Delhi from October 5 - 8, 2021.

Launch of e-Certificate Course on Mainstreaming Urban Climate Action

September 29, 2021
to September 29, 2021

The e-certificate course aims to amplify the available science, evidence and tools on climate action by opening itself to stakeholders engaged in urban spaces.

In-person Pre-Event Press Conference for the Adaptation Futures Conference

September 29, 2021
to September 29, 2021

The in-person Press Conference will see TERI experts interact with media representatives on Adaptation Futures Conference and its criticality as we head closer to global climate negotiations in COP26.

Road to COP of UNFCCC: Global Initiatives by India, G-7 and G-20

September 29, 2021
to September 30, 2021

The two-day refresher course for Forest Service Officers nominated by the Environment Ministry aims to sensitise them on various initiatives taken by India to meet its voluntary commitments taken at COP 21 in Paris, 2015 to create additional carbon sink equivalent to 2.5–3.0 billion tonne CO2e by 2030 through additional forest and tree covers.

Developing Green Climate Finance Project for Forest Development: National & Global Case Studies

September 6, 2021
to September 10, 2021

The five-day refresher course for Forest Service Officers nominated by the Environment Ministry aims to sensitise them on helping states improve their forest cover to achieve India's foresty NDC goal.


Why the developed world must be net-negative by 2050

October 12, 2021
| Mr Manjeev Singh Puri
| Dr Shailly Kedia
| Hindustan Times

Climate negotiations are just not about the environment or even energy security. They are, in fact, strategic negotiations where the pulls and pressures of international linkages see their full play and governmental decisions need to be calibrated to take all these factors into account. For a country such as India, which has taken on huge green commitments, especially on renewables, but with a real per capita income of just around $2,000, development itself is, perhaps, the most critical imperative and can hardly be delinked from its climate agenda.

For climate finance, create a level playing field

September 15, 2021
| Ms Sharmila Chavaly, Adviser, National Institute for Smart Government
| Mr Manish Chourasia, Managing Director, Tata Cleantech Capital Ltd.
| Mr Manjeev Singh Puri
| Hindustan Times

United States climate envoy Mr John Kerry visited India for a second time in six months, continuing the hardsell to get India to commit to net-zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2050. The US also sees huge business opportunities in India’s climate actions, particularly 450 GW of renewables by 2030. An India-US Climate Action and Finance Mobilising Dialogue was jointly launched by Mr Kerry and India's environment minister Mr Bhupendra Yadav. It rightly underlines the importance of financing.

The costs of a net zero emission target

September 4, 2021
| Mr Manjeev Singh Puri
| Hindustan Times

Recently, TERI did a study for Shell that focused on technology solutions for India to move to net zero in the energy sector by 2050. The study's way forward scenario demanded a four-fold rise in electricity's share in the country's energy mix from 18% today to 45% in 2050, and raising the share of renewables in the electric power generated to 90%. However, even after following this path, around 1.3 gigatonnes (GT) of carbon emissions will remain unabated.

TERI, GCCA sign pact to accelerate sustainable development of cement & concrete sectors

August 20, 2021 |
August 20, 2021
ET Realty

In an endeavour to achieve India's commitment to reduce carbon emissions, TERI and the Global Cement and Concrete Association (GCCA) India announced the signing of MoU to accelerate sustainable development of cement and concrete sectors.

Heavy rains across India: Impact of climate change?

July 19, 2021 |
July 19, 2021
Times Now

With torrential rains and wildfires observed across the globe recently, are we beginning to see a heightened impact of climate change? ET NOW takes a deep dive on the matter with Rishi Agarwal, Mumbai Sustainability Centre, Avantika Goswami, Climate Change, CSE, Saurabh Bhardwaj, Fellow and Area Convener at the Center of Climate Modelling, TERI and G.P Sharma, President Of Meteorology, Skymet.

What the G7 message on net-zero emissions means for India

June 19, 2021
| Mr Manjeev Singh Puri

India has been a leading stakeholder in climate action and is among the few in the G20 in line to meet their commitments under the Paris Accord. It has also taken on a most ambitious target of 450 GW of renewable power by 2030 and has shown the world the way forward on solar power with producers now offering ultra-competitive tariffs. As the world's largest democracy, India is a natural ally of the G7 and Prime Minister Narendra Modi's championing of the environment is globally recognised.


Super Efficient AC Deployment: Opportunities through business models in India

February 13, 2021

The policy brief aims to analyse the bulk procurement program for Super-Efficient Air Conditioners which includes key business strategies and technical criteria. The paper further analyses the existing framework of the model and elucidates key takeaways for impact enhancement. It explores various international models available in the cooling sector to recognize their applicability in the Indian context to promote low GWP refrigerant based energy-efficient air conditioners.

Mobile Air Conditioning (MAC): A technology landscape, challenges and opportunities for sustainable cooling

December 22, 2020

Cooling with its wide range of applications viz residence, commercial, transport and cold chain leaves a significant carbon footprint due to its colossal energy consumption and refrigerant practices.

Discounting the Climate Future: Social Discount Rate for India's Climate Policy

November 27, 2020

Climate change, from an economic perspective, can be understood as a market failure. The associated risks with this changing climate, as well as impacts on socio-economic systems in form of health, livelihood, food and water security, are projected to be higher with increasing global warming.

Understanding Perspectives: A Behavioural Study in the Indian Cooling Sector

November 2, 2020

The impact of climate change is manifesting itself in increasingly erratic weather patterns, and even these increasing in frequency and severity. Heat waves in the summer months across the hemispheres are becoming more the norm than the exception. The 2019 report by the International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) estimated that around 2.3 billion people could be both exposed and vulnerable to heatwave events due to 1.5°C of global warming.

G20's role in Marine Biodiversity

October 27, 2020

Collectively, Group of Twenty (G20) countries are yet to reach the 10% target set under the 2020 Aichi biodiversity targets - including marine biodiversity - and SDGs. This policy brief explores policy options and best pratices for enhancing Marine Protected Areas (MPA).

Toward a Comprehensive Approach to Youth Empowerment for Climate Action

September 23, 2020

This brief focuses on empowering the youth to act on climate change and environmental protection by strengthening formal and informal environmental and sustainability education.


Climate change risk assessment

We generate climate projections at global and regional scales and impacts, vulnerability and adaptation assessments in key sectors using established models and our in-house super-computing facility. We also conducts GHG inventorization and mitigation analysis. We provide national and international policy analysis and review, and contribute to key issues in negotiations encompassing adaptation, mitigation, technology, and finance.

Director, Earth Science and Climate Change
Fellow and Area Convener, Centre for Climate Modelling
Associate Fellow and Area Convener, Centre for Global Environment Research