In the post-Paris agreement era, accelerating climate action is the biggest hope to ensure a safe future for all. In India, our work focuses on climate modelling to develop a better understanding of climate variability at regional scales. We study the risks and vulnerabilities of key sectors such as water, health, agriculture and industry. Our work in climate science is inextricably linked to policy research and recommendations for the Indian government to shape its domestic policies, as well as contribute to its position in global negotiations. Through a number of initiatives, we are beginning to extend our knowledge and research in climate science and policy to other emerging economies.



  • Climate


    Mobilizing the private sector for developing resilient infrastructure in India

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    HFCs – Enabling efficient refrigerant transitions

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  • climate change video


    A primer on climate change, its impacts, actions and assessments

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  • climate

    Policy Brief

    Mobile Air Conditioning (MAC): A technology landscape, challenges and opportunities for sustainable cooling

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  • Adaptation future


    Locked houses, Fallow lands: Climate Change and Migration in Uttarakhand, India

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Managing Heat Stress during the COVID-19 Lockdown in 2020

Ms Neha Bharti
Ms Suruchi Bhadwal
Ms Dhriti Pathak
Mr Santosh Kumar Muriki

Due to the increase in anthropogenic activities, global temperatures have shown a warming trend of approximately 1°C (likely between 0.8°C and 1.2°C) above pre-industrial levels. Annual surface air temperatures over India also have shown increasing trends of similar magnitude during the period 1901–2014. The Sixth Assessment Report (AR6) of The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) released in 2021 has predicted heat waves and heat stress to be more intense and frequent during the 21st century in South Asian region including India.

Reflections from COP26 - Relevance for India Inc.

Ms Taruna Idnani

The twenty-sixth session of the Conference of the Parties (COP26) to the UNFCCC, that is, The 2021 United Nations Climate Change Conference has sent a clear message to global corporates and executives—to direct their investments in innovative projects and new technologies, reassess their business models and carbon footprint in order to make a rapid and necessary transition to sustainability and guarantee a cleaner, safer, and healthier planet.

COP26 outcomes are a mixed bag

Mr R R Rashmi

The Glasgow Climate Pact has been reached after much struggle. It is a mixed bag of partial successes and missed opportunities.

Two areas where COP26 completed its work with a reasonable degree of efficiency are related to finalising the carbon market mechanisms under Article 6, and completing the residual transparency arrangements under Article 13 of the Paris Agreement.

Dr. Vibha Dhawan, DG, TERI on India's ambitious and bold stand on climate action and equity

Dr Vibha Dhawan

Dr. Vibha Dhawan, Director General, commends India’s ambitious and bold stand on climate action and equity

Considering the urgency of actions needed to address climate change, it is encouraging to see India announcing ambitious 2030 targets along with initiatives such as the Infrastructure for Resilient Island States (IRIS) and Green Grids Initiative— One Sun One World One Grid (GGI-OSOWOG).

A Critical Analysis of Article 4.19 of the Paris Agreement

Dr Shailly Kedia

While there is a growing narrative by countries to include adaptation within their long-term strategies (LTS), however such narratives have not translated into a very high-level of integration with concrete 'formulation' and 'communication'.

India's Tryst with Natural Disasters - Environmental Laws Should Be Strictly Implemented

In the first few decades since Independence, disaster response in India was traditionally concerned with relief and rehabilitation during the post-disaster period. It was only following the 1999 Odisha super cyclone and the 2001 Bhuj earthquake that disaster management in India came into maturity. In this article, Dr Rina Mukherji traces the growth of disaster response and its evolution in India, over the years.


Inception Meeting - Small Grant Program (7th Operational Phase) in India

March 29, 2022
to March 29, 2022


On 29th March 2022 | 1130-1330 Hours

Webinar on Mainstreaming Climate Change into Development Policies and Strategies

March 21, 2022
to March 21, 2022

On 21st March 2022 | 11:00hrs - 12:30hrs IST

Multistakeholder Dialogue: Engendering Climate Induced Migration: Perspectives from Asia

February 9, 2022
to February 9, 2022

The multistakeholder dialogue is directly informed by the voices and experiences of men and women affected by environmental and climate hazards in India, Bangladesh and Nepal.

On 9 February, 2022 | 01:00 PM to 05:00 PM IST

Virtual Roadmap Workshop for Decarbonisation of Cement Sector in India

December 20, 2021
to December 22, 2021

'The Leadership Group for Industry Transition (LeadIT)' was launched by Sweden and India at the UN Climate Action Summit in New York in 2019. Its 35 members, 16 countries, and 19 companies come from all continents and work together to reach net-zero emissions in the industry. Stockholm Environment Institute hosts the Secretariat of LeadIT.

Demystifying COP26: Key takeaways and future roadmap for India

December 10, 2021
to December 10, 2021

TERI organized a high-level panel discussion with the key members of the Indian delegation to COP26 on December 10, 2021 to share the key outcomes and shed light on the future roadmap to achieve the targets laid out by India.

The Proceedings for the event can be viewed below-

Strengthening climate action through NDC and enhanced transparency initiative

November 11, 2021
to November 11, 2021

The Initiative for Climate Action Transparency (ICAT) aims to strengthen capacities in developing countries to assess the impacts of their climate policies and actions and to support greater transparency, effectiveness, ambition and trust in climate policies worldwide.


Heatwaves: A vicious climate change circle

May 13, 2022 |
May 13, 2022
Forbes India

Ms Suruchi Bhadwal, Director, Earth Science and Climate Change Division, TERI explains that it may take decades to undergo the transition because, the current infrastructure is also structured in terms of the use of the traditional fuels that are being used.

India's Transition to an equitable Net Zero Economy

May 12, 2022 |
May 12, 2022
ET Edge Insights

Dr Vibha Dhawan, Director General, TERI explores the future of energy and carbon markets in India as she shares analysis, and delves into key insights representing the current scenario, future implications and possible outcomes for the evolving energy market in India.

The extraordinary heat wave in India and Pakistan, explained

May 11, 2022 |
May 11, 2022

South Asia's heat wave is unusual because it’s happening much earlier in the season than normal, before summer weather typically sets in, so it caught people off guard. Ordinarily, there is a slow increase of temperatures in the summers; when the temperatures started rising and stayed consistently high, it was not predicted, observed Ms Suruchi Bhadwal, Director, Earth Science and Climate Change Division, TERI.

India's early heat wave has major implications for agriculture

May 10, 2022 |
May 10, 2022
PBS News Hour

No country is spared from the ill effects of the consequences of climate change, whether it's floods, or cyclones, or tornadoes, or storm surges or heat waves, observes Ms Suruchi Bhadwal, Director, Earth Science and Climate Change Division, TERI.

Global Warning: Extreme weather conditions are sweeping large parts of the world

May 8, 2022 |
May 8, 2022
Financial Express

Due to intensification of climate change, the traditional global circulation pattern, such as the jet stream in the northern hemisphere, is expected across the planet, leading to more frequent and intense extreme climate events, according to says Mr Santosh Kumar Muriki, Associate Fellow, Earth Science and Climate Change Division, TERI.

Climate scientists say South Asia's heat wave (120F!) is a sign of what's to come

May 3, 2022 |
May 3, 2022

Ms Suruchi Bhadwal, Director of Earth Science and Climate Change Division, TERI, says that the disappointing wheat harvest may be an omen of what' to come, if countries don't do everything within their power to cut carbon emissions and limit warming to below 2-degrees Celsius, in line with United Nations recommendations.


Transitioning to a Low Carbon Technology for the Road Transport in India

March 14, 2022

India is the world’s third largest emitter of greenhouse gas emissions. At present, India accounts for a significant multimodal road transport sector contributing approximately 10 per cent of country’s total CO2 emissions, making it the second most carbon emitting sector in the country. Driven by rising population, income, and urbanization, under a business-as-usual scenario, India’s energy demand from transport is projected to increase six fold in 2050 from current levels.

Super Efficient AC Deployment: Opportunities through business models in India

February 13, 2021

The policy brief aims to analyse the bulk procurement program for Super-Efficient Air Conditioners which includes key business strategies and technical criteria. The paper further analyses the existing framework of the model and elucidates key takeaways for impact enhancement. It explores various international models available in the cooling sector to recognize their applicability in the Indian context to promote low GWP refrigerant based energy-efficient air conditioners.

Mobile Air Conditioning (MAC): A technology landscape, challenges and opportunities for sustainable cooling

December 22, 2020

Cooling with its wide range of applications viz residence, commercial, transport and cold chain leaves a significant carbon footprint due to its colossal energy consumption and refrigerant practices.

Discounting the Climate Future: Social Discount Rate for India's Climate Policy

November 27, 2020

Climate change, from an economic perspective, can be understood as a market failure. The associated risks with this changing climate, as well as impacts on socio-economic systems in form of health, livelihood, food and water security, are projected to be higher with increasing global warming.

Understanding Perspectives: A Behavioural Study in the Indian Cooling Sector

November 2, 2020

The impact of climate change is manifesting itself in increasingly erratic weather patterns, and even these increasing in frequency and severity. Heat waves in the summer months across the hemispheres are becoming more the norm than the exception. The 2019 report by the International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) estimated that around 2.3 billion people could be both exposed and vulnerable to heatwave events due to 1.5°C of global warming.

G20's role in Marine Biodiversity

October 27, 2020

Collectively, Group of Twenty (G20) countries are yet to reach the 10% target set under the 2020 Aichi biodiversity targets - including marine biodiversity - and SDGs. This policy brief explores policy options and best pratices for enhancing Marine Protected Areas (MPA).


Climate change risk assessment

We generate climate projections at global and regional scales and impacts, vulnerability and adaptation assessments in key sectors using established models and our in-house super-computing facility. We also conducts GHG inventorization and mitigation analysis. We provide national and international policy analysis and review, and contribute to key issues in negotiations encompassing adaptation, mitigation, technology, and finance.

Director, Earth Science and Climate Change
Fellow and Area Convenor, Center for Global Environment Research