Resource Efficiency & Security

Unsustainable consumption of resources is at the heart of the crisis of environmental degradation. Our work focuses on understanding the future demand for resources and promoting pathways for resource efficiency, waste management and circular economy. Our integrated modelling and analysis has contributed to shaping and influencing India’s policies on energy, environment and climate change. All our efforts continue to inform policy makers about solutions which need to be scaled up to decouple economic growth from environmental impacts.



  • India resource efficiency policy


    Keeping oceans healthy to keep the blue economy running

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  • mine in India


    Resource efficiency for a sustainable e-vehicle sector

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  • plastic Ecosystem for Sustainable Choices


    Time for a strategy on ocean development and Indian maritime security

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  • plastic Ecosystem for Sustainable Choices

    Press Release

    Goa becomes India's first state to have resource efficiency strategy; measures suggested for tourism, construction sectors, and tackling marine litter

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  • Resources

    Discussion Paper

    Exploration and Mining in India: Time for a deeper look

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Keeping oceans healthy to keep the blue economy running

Ms Swati Ganeshan
Ms Mani Juneja

The significance of oceans for the global economy is immense and the progress of blue economy will depend on the achievement of sustainable development

अगले 10 साल हैं ज़रूरी: WSDS में होगी 2030 के लक्ष्यों को पूरा करने के लिए चर्चा

Ms Shweta
20 देशों के प्रतिनिधि आएंगे साथ एक ही मंच पर वायु प्रदूषण, ई-गतिशीलता, नवीकरणीय ऊर्जा, ऊर्जा दक्षता, हरित वित्त, नीली अर्थव्यवस्था, टिकाऊ खपत, कई मुख विषयों पर होगी चर्चा। सतत विकास में योगदान की होगी पहचान, सस्टेनेबल डेवलपमेंट लीडरशिप अवार्ड से नवाज़ा जाएगा।

How to reduce air pollution and waste generation this festive season?

Ms Shilpi Singh

Because it is during this season when air pollution rises to dangerous levels, energy and food wastages increase exponentially, plastic packaging and cracker debris litter the roads and several children, sick and older people and animals suffer too. That's how we have been celebrating festivals, year on year. But this time around, let's do it with a difference.

Resource efficiency for a sustainable e-vehicle sector

Dr Shilpi Kapur
Mr Souvik Bhattacharjya

The latest blog in our ongoing series explores material use and resource efficiency potential in India's e-vehicle sector

Time for a strategy on ocean development and Indian maritime security

Ms Swati Ganeshan

The United Nations has called for 2021-2030 to be marked as the 'Decade of Ocean Science for Sustainable Development'

हरित एजेन्डा: संसाधन दक्षता से होने वाले लाभ को समझना

TERI Web Desk

संसाधन दक्षता संसाधनों की बढ़ती लागत, सिमटती भूगर्भीय उपलब्धता, सामग्री की समाप्ति के जोखिम आदि से निपटने के लिए आदर्श नीति है


Webinar on marketing products from waste

February 28, 2020
to February 28, 2020

Large amounts of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) generated has become an increasing problem in all tourist destinations.

Sustainable Procurement by strengthening an ecosystem for Local Green Enterprises (LGEs)

February 6, 2020
to February 6, 2020

A technical session is being organised by TERI, GEC, DA and FICCI to discuss some of the challenges faced by local green enterprises in the context of sustainable public procurement and Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 12.

Webinar on 'Bid evaluation, processing, and tendering to set up waste management and treatment technologies'

November 29, 2019
to November 29, 2019

Large amounts of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) generated has become an increasing problem in all tourist destinations.

Webinar on 'Preparation of Municipal Solid Waste based Refuse Derived Fuel (RDF) and its Co-processing in cement kilns'

November 1, 2019
to November 1, 2019

Large amounts of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) generated has become an increasing problem in all tourist destinations.

Indo-US bilateral symposium: Next generation biologically synthesized nanofertilizers for seed coating and foliar application

September 5, 2019
to September 7, 2019

The TERI-Deakin Nanobiotechnology Centre, TERI Gram, Gurugram, in collaboration with International Fertilizer Development Center, USA, is organising a joint symposium on the theme "Next Generation Biologically Synthesized Nanofertilizers for Seed Coating and Foliar Application".

The objectives of the event are -

Chief Sustainability Officers Forum Meeting 2018

August 28, 2018
to August 28, 2018

Session details

Knowledge sessions covering current and emerging sustainable practices in global environment, energy transition in India and emerging financial instruments for sustainability. Action and consultation sessions on Collaborative approaches to waste management, SDGs and Indian Businesses and Matchmaking sustainability challenges with business solutions

Who should participate?

Chief Sustainability Officers/ Designated officers leading sustainability functions Representative from TER


Preserve natural resources, promote farming

March 1, 2018
| Dr Shilpanjali Deshpande Sarma
| The Tribune

Tackling the agrarian crisis from its roots necessitates attention to the important aspect of the neglect and degradation of natural resources, the natural capital that underlies all agriculture production systems.

A living system

February 27, 2018
| Dr Shilpanjali Deshpande Sarma
| The Telegraph

Organic farming can improve sustainability in Indian agriculture. Its principles challenge the dominant narrative of input and energy-intensive industrial agriculture systems that make farmers dependent on expensive commercial inputs and damage soil, water and biodiversity, inducing grave socio-economic adversity. Organic agriculture visualizes the farm as a dynamic ecosystem where biotic and abiotic components interact and harness local resources, such as farm residue, biodiversity and natural processes, to deliver optimal agricultural production and stability.

PM Narendra Modi inaugurates World Sustainable Development Summit 2018

February 16, 2018 |
February 16, 2018

Prime Minister Mr Narendra Modi inaugurated the World Sustainable Development Summit 2018, organized by TERI. The Prime Minister, addressing the gathering at the inaugural speech, laid emphasis on the major current environmental problems that are being faced by the developing nations. Mr Modi added that successful climate action needs access to financial resources and technology. Technology can help countries like India to develop sustainably and enable poor to benefit from it.

Demand creation must to reduce costs of resource-efficient

January 25, 2018 |
February 12, 2018
India Today

Creation of demand is essential to increase sales volumes and reduce the costs of new resource- efficient technologies, Director-General of TERI, Dr Ajay Mathur, said at the World Economic Forum (WEF). Citing the example of the Indian government's LED bulb programme, Dr Mathur said aggregation of demand and bulk procurement helped in bringing down its prices. Demand creation is essential to enhance sales volumes and reduce the costs of new resource-efficient technologies, Dr Mathur was quoting as saying at a session on The Future of Finite Resources.

Budgetary allocation to Environment Ministry up by 19 pc

February 1, 2017 |
January 11, 2018

The Environment Ministry got an increase of nearly 19 per cent in its budgetary allocation for the next fiscal even as environmental bodies said that Union Budget has failed to acknowledge the problem of pollution. TERI said that the Union Budget is a continuation of the foundation built in last year\'s Budget to \'transform\' India but while moving in the right direction in some key areas, stops short in others.

Nalco, TERI sign MoU for sustainable rehabilitation

February 16, 2017 |
January 11, 2018
Business Standard

Nalco has signed an agreement with TERI for various scientific, technological and educational activities in the area of mining rehabilitation and sustainable development. The activities under the MoU will cover mining rehabilitation methods and technologies; sustainable rehabilitation on red mud areas; capacity building; workshops and preparation knowledge documents on mining rehabilitation.


Exploration and Mining in India: Time for a deeper look

September 9, 2019

Exploration needs to be strongly incentivised using the private sector's risk taking ability if we are to find all the minerals we need for our development

G20: Enable business models for a circular economy

June 24, 2019

TERI's policy proposal on resource efficiency and circular economy to inform the discussions at G20 summit 2019

Giving back to affected communities with mining revenues

December 20, 2018

District Mineral Foundations present an opportunity to benefit communities bearing the socio-economic, environmental impacts of mining operations

Greening the solar PV value chain

September 7, 2018

A report on opportunities for resource saving along the value chain in the solar PV sector

Towards resource efficient electric vehicle sector in India

September 7, 2018

A report on resource efficiency in India's EV sector


Policy research on the role of resources in national and global sustainable development

We study the economics of natural resource use, and its interface with development, use modelling frameworks and decision support systems for sustainable management of natural resources. We analyse markets (design, regulation, and behaviour of the agents) to suggest policy, structural, institutional, and legislative changes for promoting efficient and competitive markets.

Multidisciplinary research and policy advice

We perform inter-disciplinary policy research using latest science and technology developments for policy makers, regulators, and concerned stakeholders in areas of regulatory reforms in physical infrastructure sectors like energy, transport, water, and others through research, support, capacity building, awareness programmes, and handholding. Our policy advice is aimed at local and global environmental challenges to trade, investment, resource development.


Director, Integrated Assessments & Modelling
Associate Director, Integrated Policy Analysis Division
Area Convenor, Centre for Resource Efficiency & Governance