Resource Efficiency & Security

Unsustainable consumption of resources is at the heart of the crisis of environmental degradation. Our work focuses on understanding the future demand for resources and promoting pathways for resource efficiency, waste management and circular economy. Our integrated modelling and analysis has contributed to shaping and influencing India’s policies on energy, environment and climate change. All our efforts continue to inform policy makers about solutions which need to be scaled up to decouple economic growth from environmental impacts.



  • India resource efficiency policy


    Sustainable Beverage Packaging Options in India - A Comparative Life Cycle Assessment Study

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  • India resource efficiency policy

    Working Paper

    Ensuring Sustainability of Oceans for a Healthy Economy - Securing Livelihoods, Preserving Biodiversity, and Addressing Socio-economic Challenges

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  • plastic Ecosystem for Sustainable Choices

    Working Paper

    Assessing vulnerability from coal dependence and need for a Just Transition

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  • plastic Ecosystem for Sustainable Choices

    Working Paper

    Harnessing opportunities for a Just Transition in India

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  • Resources


    We never imagined that coal will disappear one day!

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Bioplastics - A Sustainable Solution to our Plastic Waste Problem

Mr Shreyas Joshi

Environmental pollution due to commercial plastic waste mismanagement has been compounding, making it crucial to find an alternative. The article highlights TERI's bioplastic research and how bio and bio-based plastics could act as a sustainable alternative to conventional plastics.

Refurbishing Plastic for Climate Action: Finding Value in 'Waste'

Mr Shreyas Joshi

Plastic waste often possesses significant untapped value which when regenerated through circular economy principles can help minimise its environmental impact. This second article in series discusses the key objectives and actions offered by TERI's roadmap to show the environmental action value of plastics

Refurbishing Plastic for Climate Action: The First Steps

Mr Shreyas Joshi

In view of the growing plastic waste crisis and India's commitment to lower the emissions intensity of its GDP by 33-35% by 2030, the article discusses TERI's roadmap for bringing resource efficiency and circularity to the plastic value chain in India

Blue economy: An ocean of livelihood opportunities in India

Ms Mani Juneja

Blue economy for India means a number of economic opportunities related to ocean and marine ecosystems, playing an important role in generating and sustaining livelihoods

The need for re-strategising climate policies in the new-normal scenario

Dr Ria Sinha
Ms Swati Ganeshan

The authors take a brief look at the present status of India's climate commitments, the implications of these recovery packages in the post COVID-19 crises, and the road ahead for clean and green development.

The equilibrium of attention: Will the supply chain provide impetus to achieving sustainability?

Mr Arupendra Nath Mullick
Ms Pooja Kumar

Will India's push for resource efficiency and circular economy also resonate among sustainability stakeholders in Indian industries


Just Transition – Planning For A Post Coal Future

June 24, 2021
to June 24, 2021

The event will include a panel discussion and the launch of two working papers prepared by TERI on Just Transition

On 24th June 2021, 11:00 AM - 01:30 PM IST

National Dialogue on Science, Technology, and Innovation Capabilities and Skilling Approaches for Sustainability of India's Food and Land-Use Systems

April 30, 2021
to April 30, 2021

TERI and Food and Land Use Coalition (FOLU) organized a Virtual National Dialogue on Science, Technology, and Innovation Capabilities and Skilling Approaches for Sustainability of India's Food and Land-Use Systems on 30 April, 2021, 2:00 PM to 4:00 PM IST

On 30th April 2021, 02:00 PM to 04:00 PM IST

National Consultative Roundtable Dialogue on Reporting and Monitoring of SDG 12

March 2, 2021
to March 2, 2021

The deliberations from the workshop will helped in strengthening the knowledge product on SDG 12 - Sustainable Consumption and Production.

On 2nd March 2021, 02:00 PM to 05:00 PM IST

Staying Ahead of the Curve: Advancing S&T Innovation and Collaboration to accelerate Blue Economy in India

February 17, 2021
to February 17, 2021

The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) would be organising a diginar on the theme of, "Staying Ahead of the Curve: Advancing S &T Innovation and Collaboration to accelerate Blue Economy in India". This virtual workshop is a part of the Quadrilateral Dialogue series being jointly organised by KAS (India Office)-TERI-NMF-FICCI on, "Blue Economy-India's Pathway to a Sustainable, Secure and Resilient Economy" from 2020-2021.

Opportunities and Challenges for a Blue economy in Asia-Pacific region in COVID 19 world

February 2, 2021
to February 3, 2021

The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) partnering with KAS Regional Project Energy Security and Climate Change Asia-Pacific (RECAP) and Asian Institute of Technology, Thailand is organising a two-day workshop on the topic "Opportunities and Challenges for a Blue economy in Asia-Pacific region in Covid-19 world".

India's rising presence in Global Energy Scenario - From Global to Local

January 20, 2021
to January 21, 2021

This diginar is the second in a virtual series on "India's energy scenario - 2040 and beyond"


India-EU: Global dynamics

July 7, 2022
| Dr Vatsala Sharma, Associate Fellow; Ms Khushi Gupta, Intern, TERI
| The Hindu

With carbon neutrality being the byword to a sustainable world, a host of countries - Norway, Sweden, the United Kingdom, France, Spain, Japan, Germany, Canada, Costa Rica, the United States, Brazil, India, and China among others - have set for themselves net-zero targets for the middle and later part of the century. At the forefront of the commitment to net-zero is the European Union, which wants to be the first carbon-neutral region in the world by 2050.

Thinking blue for greening the world

January 6, 2022
| Dr Ria Sinha
| Mr Kartikey Sharma
| MoneyControl

The oceans act as the largest carbon sink in the world, and our biggest line of defence against the repercussions of Climate Change. Despite being a natural carbon absorbent, programmes aimed at transforming the ocean economy and ecology, and meeting its financial needs have come up short. The SDG 14 (life below water) includes 10 targets designed for the well‑being of the oceans, and the living resources therein. According to the Asia and the Pacific SDG Progress Report 2021, the performance of the goal has regressed in the Asia Pacific region.

Hon'ble Governor of Uttar Pradesh Anandiben Patel calls for Youth to be Ambassadors for Sustainable Development

December 17, 2021 |
December 17, 2021
ANI News

The SDG Report 2021, released by the Hon'ble Governor of Uttar Pradesh Anandiben Patel, is the culmination of outstanding efforts by TERI, Trust Legal and Mazars to create a new dimension for promoting sustainable development.

Despite challenges, ESG investing is gaining momentum in India

September 28, 2021
| Dr Ria Sinha
| Money Control

There is rising recognition of Environment Social and Governance (ESG) investing in developing economies, especially in times of increasing global uncertainties owing to the COVID-19 pandemic. Companies with strong ESG credentials are seen to be performing well financially with a marked increase in the share prices vis-à-vis their competitors. This indicates increased integration of ESG into asset pricing. Interestingly, the risk and return trade-off for investors have also changed after the onset of the pandemic.

How India can be part of global supply chains

July 16, 2021
| Mr Ajay Shankar
| The Hindu Business Line

A major shift in policy has been taking place in the pursuit of Atma Nirbhar Bharat. These found clear expression in the Finance Minister's Budget speech. The two key industrial policy instruments being adopted are a review of import duties to promote domestic manufacturing and a PLI (Production Linked Incentive) scheme for cash payment on the achievement of pre-determined benchmarks to firms across a wide spectrum of manufacturing.

Real exchange rate: Why the RER is so important

April 7, 2021
| Mr Ajay Shankar
| The Financial Express

By 2017, the real exchange rate (RER) of India had appreciated by over 18%. There was hardly any significant growth in productivity to warrant such a large appreciation. To understand the RER movement, if in a year India has an inflation rate of 6% and its trading partners have a weighted average inflation rate of 2% and the nominal exchange rate remains the same, then the RER appreciates by 4% that year. Imports become cheaper by 4% due to the difference in inflation rates with the exchange rate remaining the same. Similarly, exports become more expensive by 4%.


Working Paper on 'Harnessing opportunities for a Just Transition in India'

June 24, 2021

Just Transition needs to consider a broad range of social and economic sectors, geographic locations, diverse stakeholders and time horizons

Working Paper on 'Assessing vulnerability from coal dependence and need for a Just Transition'

June 24, 2021

The paper examines the linkages surrounding the Indian coal economy and the potential fallout in terms of eventual phasing out of coal

Contextualising Blue Economy in Asia-Pacific region

March 22, 2021

The share of Blue Economy in the GDP of Asia-Pacific countries goes up to as high as 87% in some island nations in the region

G20 Circular Carbon Economy: Fostering Circularity in Plastics

October 27, 2020

Fostering circularity in plastic use is an effective way to reduce contamination of marine and coastal environments with plastics and man-made debris. However, there are many challenges down this path.

भारत में गवेषण एवं खनन: गहन खोज का समय

September 14, 2020

भारत में खनिजों के लिए सर्वाधिक भू-वैज्ञानिक संभावनाएं हैं। ऊपरी सतह अथवा उससे कुछ नीचे स्थित अधिकांश खनिज खोजे जा चुके हैं और गहराई में छिपे हुए खनिज निक्षेपण के लिए एक गहन खोज की आवश्यकता है। इसका अभिप्राय है नवीनतम प्रौद्योकियों के द्वारा सतत आधार पर गवेषण किए जाएं।

Strategy for fostering Resource Efficiency and Circular Economy in Goa

July 14, 2020

The strategy paper for Goa presents an overall state-level action plan to mainstream resource efficiency and circular economy and foster sustainable management of resources in the state.


Policy research on the role of resources in national and global sustainable development

We study the economics of natural resource use, and its interface with development, use modelling frameworks and decision support systems for sustainable management of natural resources. We analyse markets (design, regulation, and behaviour of the agents) to suggest policy, structural, institutional, and legislative changes for promoting efficient and competitive markets.

Multidisciplinary research and policy advice

We perform inter-disciplinary policy research using latest science and technology developments for policy makers, regulators, and concerned stakeholders in areas of regulatory reforms in physical infrastructure sectors like energy, transport, water, and others through research, support, capacity building, awareness programmes, and handholding. Our policy advice is aimed at local and global environmental challenges to trade, investment, resource development.

Associate Director, Integrated Policy Analysis Division