Resource Efficiency & Security

Unsustainable consumption of resources is at the heart of the crisis of environmental degradation. Our work focuses on understanding the future demand for resources and promoting pathways for resource efficiency, waste management and circular economy. Our integrated modelling and analysis has contributed to shaping and influencing India’s policies on energy, environment and climate change. All our efforts continue to inform policy makers about solutions which need to be scaled up to decouple economic growth from environmental impacts.



  • India resource efficiency policy

    Policy Brief

    G20 Circular Carbon Economy: Fostering Circularity in Plastics

  • India resource efficiency policy


    Goa has a plan

  • plastic Ecosystem for Sustainable Choices


    What can the Coronavirus response teach us about dealing with climate change?

    Read more
  • plastic Ecosystem for Sustainable Choices

    Discussion Paper

    Greening Post COVID-19 Economic Recovery in India: A New Virus, A New India

    Read more
  • Resources


    Nudging MSMEs towards natural gas to lighten Delhi's air pollution burden

    Read more



The need for re-strategising climate policies in the new-normal scenario

Dr Ria Sinha
Ms Swati Ganeshan

The authors take a brief look at the present status of India's climate commitments, the implications of these recovery packages in the post COVID-19 crises, and the road ahead for clean and green development.

The equilibrium of attention: Will the supply chain provide impetus to achieving sustainability?

Mr Arupendra Nath Mullick
Ms Pooja Kumar

Will India's push for resource efficiency and circular economy also resonate among sustainability stakeholders in Indian industries

What can the Coronavirus response teach us about dealing with climate change?

Mr R R Rashmi
Ms Shailly Kedia

Can we learn any lessons from the COVID 19 response in order to handle similar existential problems facing the world - such as climate change

Keeping oceans healthy to keep the blue economy running

Ms Swati Ganeshan
Ms Mani Juneja

The significance of oceans for the global economy is immense and the progress of blue economy will depend on the achievement of sustainable development

अगले 10 साल हैं ज़रूरी: WSDS में होगी 2030 के लक्ष्यों को पूरा करने के लिए चर्चा

Ms Shweta
20 देशों के प्रतिनिधि आएंगे साथ एक ही मंच पर वायु प्रदूषण, ई-गतिशीलता, नवीकरणीय ऊर्जा, ऊर्जा दक्षता, हरित वित्त, नीली अर्थव्यवस्था, टिकाऊ खपत, कई मुख विषयों पर होगी चर्चा। सतत विकास में योगदान की होगी पहचान, सस्टेनेबल डेवलपमेंट लीडरशिप अवार्ड से नवाज़ा जाएगा।

How to reduce air pollution and waste generation this festive season?

Ms Shilpi Singh

Because it is during this season when air pollution rises to dangerous levels, energy and food wastages increase exponentially, plastic packaging and cracker debris litter the roads and several children, sick and older people and animals suffer too. That's how we have been celebrating festivals, year on year. But this time around, let's do it with a difference.


India's rising presence in Global Energy Scenario - From Global to Local

January 20, 2021
to January 21, 2021

This diginar is the second in a virtual series on "India's energy scenario - 2040 and beyond"

India's energy scenario - 2040 and beyond

November 18, 2020
to November 19, 2020

The diginar on 'Climate change and sustainable development in India's energy security agenda', is a part of virtual series on Indias' energy scenario- 2040 and beyond.

Ensuring sustainability of oceans for a healthy economy: Securing livelihoods and enhancing security

October 28, 2020
to October 28, 2020

A sustainable ocean economy has immense signficance for SDGs and sustainable economic growth, especially of the fisheries sector and coastal economy.

On 28th October 2020, 11:00 AM - 04:00 PM IST

Webinar on Business models for fostering recycling and material recovery infrastructure

September 3, 2020
to September 3, 2020

The webinar will discuss some of the key inhibitors and enablers for such business models and provide a view of policy perspectives on the topic from India and the European Union

Kolkata Virtual Sustainable Action Dialogue, a pre-event of WSDS 2021

August 26, 2020
to August 26, 2020

A panel discussion on 'Driving Post COVID Economic Growth through Resource Efficiency' will be held as part of the event.

Webinar on Standards for fostering Resource Efficiency and Circular Economy in India

July 13, 2020
to July 13, 2020

Standards are crucial for mainstreaming resource efficiency and circular economy as they establish specifications and procedures designed to ensure the reliability of materials.


Union Budget FY22: Giving tourism priority this year

January 20, 2021
| Mr Ajay Shankar
| The Financial Express

In the forthcoming Union Budget, it would be worthwhile trying to shift to a growth trajectory that creates more productive and better-paying jobs. Accelerating the pace of job creation would naturally lead to faster decline in poverty as well as reduction in inequality. The way to do this would be to identify sectors where there is a huge potential for creating better jobs. We need the equivalent of the Production-Linked Incentive (PLI) scheme for creating jobs; an ELI (Employment-Linked Incentive) scheme.

Preserve natural resources, promote farming

March 1, 2018
| Dr Shilpanjali Deshpande Sarma
| The Tribune

Tackling the agrarian crisis from its roots necessitates attention to the important aspect of the neglect and degradation of natural resources, the natural capital that underlies all agriculture production systems.

A living system

February 27, 2018
| Dr Shilpanjali Deshpande Sarma
| The Telegraph

Organic farming can improve sustainability in Indian agriculture. Its principles challenge the dominant narrative of input and energy-intensive industrial agriculture systems that make farmers dependent on expensive commercial inputs and damage soil, water and biodiversity, inducing grave socio-economic adversity. Organic agriculture visualizes the farm as a dynamic ecosystem where biotic and abiotic components interact and harness local resources, such as farm residue, biodiversity and natural processes, to deliver optimal agricultural production and stability.

PM Narendra Modi inaugurates World Sustainable Development Summit 2018

February 16, 2018 |
February 16, 2018

Prime Minister Mr Narendra Modi inaugurated the World Sustainable Development Summit 2018, organized by TERI. The Prime Minister, addressing the gathering at the inaugural speech, laid emphasis on the major current environmental problems that are being faced by the developing nations. Mr Modi added that successful climate action needs access to financial resources and technology. Technology can help countries like India to develop sustainably and enable poor to benefit from it.

Demand creation must to reduce costs of resource-efficient

January 25, 2018 |
February 12, 2018
India Today

Creation of demand is essential to increase sales volumes and reduce the costs of new resource- efficient technologies, Director-General of TERI, Dr Ajay Mathur, said at the World Economic Forum (WEF). Citing the example of the Indian government's LED bulb programme, Dr Mathur said aggregation of demand and bulk procurement helped in bringing down its prices. Demand creation is essential to enhance sales volumes and reduce the costs of new resource-efficient technologies, Dr Mathur was quoting as saying at a session on The Future of Finite Resources.

Nalco, TERI sign MoU for sustainable rehabilitation

February 16, 2017 |
January 11, 2018
Business Standard

Nalco has signed an agreement with TERI for various scientific, technological and educational activities in the area of mining rehabilitation and sustainable development. The activities under the MoU will cover mining rehabilitation methods and technologies; sustainable rehabilitation on red mud areas; capacity building; workshops and preparation knowledge documents on mining rehabilitation.


G20 Circular Carbon Economy: Fostering Circularity in Plastics

October 27, 2020

Fostering circularity in plastic use is an effective way to reduce contamination of marine and coastal environments with plastics and man-made debris. However, there are many challenges down this path.

भारत में गवेषण एवं खनन: गहन खोज का समय

September 14, 2020

भारत में खनिजों के लिए सर्वाधिक भू-वैज्ञानिक संभावनाएं हैं। ऊपरी सतह अथवा उससे कुछ नीचे स्थित अधिकांश खनिज खोजे जा चुके हैं और गहराई में छिपे हुए खनिज निक्षेपण के लिए एक गहन खोज की आवश्यकता है। इसका अभिप्राय है नवीनतम प्रौद्योकियों के द्वारा सतत आधार पर गवेषण किए जाएं।

Strategy for fostering Resource Efficiency and Circular Economy in Goa

July 14, 2020

The strategy paper for Goa presents an overall state-level action plan to mainstream resource efficiency and circular economy and foster sustainable management of resources in the state.

Women in agriculture: Enhancing their role and promoting sustainability and livelihood support

May 26, 2020

The paper looks at enhancing the role of women in agriculture and allied activities and providing institutional support

Exploration and Mining in India: Time for a deeper look

September 9, 2019

Exploration needs to be strongly incentivised using the private sector's risk taking ability if we are to find all the minerals we need for our development


Policy research on the role of resources in national and global sustainable development

We study the economics of natural resource use, and its interface with development, use modelling frameworks and decision support systems for sustainable management of natural resources. We analyse markets (design, regulation, and behaviour of the agents) to suggest policy, structural, institutional, and legislative changes for promoting efficient and competitive markets.

Multidisciplinary research and policy advice

We perform inter-disciplinary policy research using latest science and technology developments for policy makers, regulators, and concerned stakeholders in areas of regulatory reforms in physical infrastructure sectors like energy, transport, water, and others through research, support, capacity building, awareness programmes, and handholding. Our policy advice is aimed at local and global environmental challenges to trade, investment, resource development.


Director, Integrated Assessments & Modelling
Associate Director, Integrated Policy Analysis Division
Area Convener, Centre for Resource Efficiency & Governance