Resource Efficiency & Security

Unsustainable consumption of resources is at the heart of the crisis of environmental degradation. Our work focuses on understanding the future demand for resources and promoting pathways for resource efficiency, waste management and circular economy. Our integrated modelling and analysis has contributed to shaping and influencing India’s policies on energy, environment and climate change. All our efforts continue to inform policy makers about solutions which need to be scaled up to decouple economic growth from environmental impacts.



  • India resource efficiency policy


    What goes around comes around: Why India urgently needs a resource efficiency policy

    Read more
  • mine in India


    Resource efficiency for a sustainable e-vehicle sector

    Read more
  • plastic Ecosystem for Sustainable Choices


    Time for a strategy on ocean development and Indian maritime security

    Read more
  • plastic Ecosystem for Sustainable Choices

    Press Release

    Integrate livelihood with environmental protection activities to move towards a green economy, say experts

    Read More
  • Resources

    Discussion Paper

    Exploration and Mining in India: Time for a deeper look

    Read more



Resource efficiency for a sustainable e-vehicle sector

Dr Shilpi Kapur
Mr Souvik Bhattacharjya

The latest blog in our ongoing series explores material use and resource efficiency potential in India's e-vehicle sector

Time for a strategy on ocean development and Indian maritime security

Ms Swati Ganeshan

The United Nations has called for 2021-2030 to be marked as the 'Decade of Ocean Science for Sustainable Development'

हरित एजेन्डा: संसाधन दक्षता से होने वाले लाभ को समझना

TERI Web Desk

संसाधन दक्षता संसाधनों की बढ़ती लागत, सिमटती भूगर्भीय उपलब्धता, सामग्री की समाप्ति के जोखिम आदि से निपटने के लिए आदर्श नीति है

Indian industries support creation of coalitions for sustainable growth

Mr Sachin Kumar

Highlights from the Indian Industry Coalition Workshop

What does a growing economy consume? Breaking down India's resource appetite

Dr Shilpi Kapur
Mr Souvik Bhattacharjya

This blog series shall explore India's current material use and resource efficiency potential across various sectors

A green agenda: Realising gains from resource efficiency for India

TERI Web Desk

Rising costs of accessing resources, shrinking geological availability, and risk of material exhaustion can be addressed with an integrated resource efficiency policy


Indo-US bilateral symposium: Next generation biologically synthesized nanofertilizers for seed coating and foliar application

September 5, 2019
to September 7, 2019

The TERI-Deakin Nanobiotechnology Centre, TERI Gram, Gurugram, in collaboration with International Fertilizer Development Center, USA, is organising a joint symposium on the theme "Next Generation Biologically Synthesized Nanofertilizers for Seed Coating and Foliar Application".

The objectives of the event are -

Chief Sustainability Officers Forum Meeting 2018

August 28, 2018
to August 28, 2018

Session details

Knowledge sessions covering current and emerging sustainable practices in global environment, energy transition in India and emerging financial instruments for sustainability. Action and consultation sessions on Collaborative approaches to waste management, SDGs and Indian Businesses and Matchmaking sustainability challenges with business solutions

Who should participate?

Chief Sustainability Officers/ Designated officers leading sustainability functions Representative from TER

Webinar on 'Circular Economy An Opportunity for Indian Businesses'

August 14, 2018
to August 14, 2018

TERI Council for Business Sustainability (CBS) is delighted to host the Fifth webinar in the series of 'Thought Leadership Webinar' for Indian companies and businesses.

Circular Economy Symposium (CES) 2018

May 14, 2018
to May 15, 2018

FICCI launched the Circular Economy Symposium (CES) to drive the Circular Economy agenda forward in India in the year 2017 with a vision to promote knowledge and action on Circular Economy by way of annual symposiums and through encouraging dialogues on the subject.

Webinar on "Conversion of Dhaloas to Scientific Transfer Stations"

December 8, 2017
to December 8, 2017

This webinar takes the audience through the nuances of converting dhalaos to transfer stations. It also provides a case study of Nagpur -- setting up a compact transfer station.

TERI-ITEC Courses 2017-18 Course III - Trade and Sustainable Development: Issues for Developing countries

October 23, 2017
to November 10, 2017


TERI is empanelled by the Indian Technical and Economic Cooperation (ITEC), Government of India, for this programme. Under the TERI-ITEC programme, eight courses are being offered for the year 2017-18.


Preserve natural resources, promote farming

March 1, 2018
| Dr Shilpanjali Deshpande Sarma
| The Tribune

Tackling the agrarian crisis from its roots necessitates attention to the important aspect of the neglect and degradation of natural resources, the natural capital that underlies all agriculture production systems.

A living system

February 27, 2018
| Dr Shilpanjali Deshpande Sarma
| The Telegraph

Organic farming can improve sustainability in Indian agriculture. Its principles challenge the dominant narrative of input and energy-intensive industrial agriculture systems that make farmers dependent on expensive commercial inputs and damage soil, water and biodiversity, inducing grave socio-economic adversity. Organic agriculture visualizes the farm as a dynamic ecosystem where biotic and abiotic components interact and harness local resources, such as farm residue, biodiversity and natural processes, to deliver optimal agricultural production and stability.

PM Narendra Modi inaugurates World Sustainable Development Summit 2018

February 16, 2018 |
February 16, 2018

Prime Minister Mr Narendra Modi inaugurated the World Sustainable Development Summit 2018, organized by TERI. The Prime Minister, addressing the gathering at the inaugural speech, laid emphasis on the major current environmental problems that are being faced by the developing nations. Mr Modi added that successful climate action needs access to financial resources and technology. Technology can help countries like India to develop sustainably and enable poor to benefit from it.

Demand creation must to reduce costs of resource-efficient

January 25, 2018 |
February 12, 2018
India Today

Creation of demand is essential to increase sales volumes and reduce the costs of new resource- efficient technologies, Director-General of TERI, Dr Ajay Mathur, said at the World Economic Forum (WEF). Citing the example of the Indian government's LED bulb programme, Dr Mathur said aggregation of demand and bulk procurement helped in bringing down its prices. Demand creation is essential to enhance sales volumes and reduce the costs of new resource-efficient technologies, Dr Mathur was quoting as saying at a session on The Future of Finite Resources.

Budgetary allocation to Environment Ministry up by 19 pc

February 1, 2017 |
January 11, 2018

The Environment Ministry got an increase of nearly 19 per cent in its budgetary allocation for the next fiscal even as environmental bodies said that Union Budget has failed to acknowledge the problem of pollution. TERI said that the Union Budget is a continuation of the foundation built in last year\'s Budget to \'transform\' India but while moving in the right direction in some key areas, stops short in others.

Nalco, TERI sign MoU for sustainable rehabilitation

February 16, 2017 |
January 11, 2018
Business Standard

Nalco has signed an agreement with TERI for various scientific, technological and educational activities in the area of mining rehabilitation and sustainable development. The activities under the MoU will cover mining rehabilitation methods and technologies; sustainable rehabilitation on red mud areas; capacity building; workshops and preparation knowledge documents on mining rehabilitation.


Exploration and Mining in India: Time for a deeper look

September 9, 2019

Exploration needs to be strongly incentivised using the private sector's risk taking ability if we are to find all the minerals we need for our development

G20: Enable business models for a circular economy

June 24, 2019

TERI's policy proposal on resource efficiency and circular economy to inform the discussions at G20 summit 2019

Giving back to affected communities with mining revenues

December 20, 2018

District Mineral Foundations present an opportunity to benefit communities bearing the socio-economic, environmental impacts of mining operations

Greening the solar PV value chain

September 7, 2018

A report on opportunities for resource saving along the value chain in the solar PV sector

Towards resource efficient electric vehicle sector in India

September 7, 2018

A report on resource efficiency in India's EV sector

Sustainability Dynamics of Resource Use and Economic Growth

August 31, 2015

All economies of the world depend upon the use of renewable natural resources1 for their growth. This relationship inherently reflects that continued increase in extraction of resources is a must to sustain economic growth. Inevitably, a tipping point is reached from where the regeneration rates of the resources diminish due to depletion of the resource stock. The resource production peaks and declines which lead to a delayed feedback on the economy, ultimately restricting its ability to grow and sustain its level of output.


Policy research on the role of resources in national and global sustainable development

We study the economics of natural resource use, and its interface with development, use modelling frameworks and decision support systems for sustainable management of natural resources. We analyse markets (design, regulation, and behaviour of the agents) to suggest policy, structural, institutional, and legislative changes for promoting efficient and competitive markets.

Multidisciplinary research and policy advice

We perform inter-disciplinary policy research using latest science and technology developments for policy makers, regulators, and concerned stakeholders in areas of regulatory reforms in physical infrastructure sectors like energy, transport, water, and others through research, support, capacity building, awareness programmes, and handholding. Our policy advice is aimed at local and global environmental challenges to trade, investment, resource development.


Director, Integrated Assessments & Modelling
Associate Director, Resource Efficiency & Governance