Resource Efficiency & Security

Unsustainable consumption of resources is at the heart of the crisis of environmental degradation. Our work focuses on understanding the future demand for resources and promoting pathways for resource efficiency, waste management and circular economy. Our integrated modelling and analysis has contributed to shaping and influencing India’s policies on energy, environment and climate change. All our efforts continue to inform policy makers about solutions which need to be scaled up to decouple economic growth from environmental impacts.



  • India resource efficiency policy


    Supporting just transitions in India: A case study

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  • India resource efficiency policy

    Project Report

    Circular economy for plastics in India: A roadmap

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  • plastic Ecosystem for Sustainable Choices

    Project Report

    Mapping the impact of coal mine and their closures: A case of Betul

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  • plastic Ecosystem for Sustainable Choices


    Blue economy: An ocean of livelihood opportunities in India

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  • Resources

    Policy Brief

    Contextualising Blue Economy in Asia-Pacific region

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Refurbishing Plastic for Climate Action: The First Steps

Mr Shreyas Joshi

In view of the growing plastic waste crisis and India's commitment to lower the emissions intensity of its GDP by 33-35% by 2030, the article discusses TERI's roadmap for bringing resource efficiency and circularity to the plastic value chain in India

Blue economy: An ocean of livelihood opportunities in India

Ms Mani Juneja

Blue economy for India means a number of economic opportunities related to ocean and marine ecosystems, playing an important role in generating and sustaining livelihoods

The need for re-strategising climate policies in the new-normal scenario

Dr Ria Sinha
Ms Swati Ganeshan

The authors take a brief look at the present status of India's climate commitments, the implications of these recovery packages in the post COVID-19 crises, and the road ahead for clean and green development.

The equilibrium of attention: Will the supply chain provide impetus to achieving sustainability?

Mr Arupendra Nath Mullick
Ms Pooja Kumar

Will India's push for resource efficiency and circular economy also resonate among sustainability stakeholders in Indian industries

What can the Coronavirus response teach us about dealing with climate change?

Mr R R Rashmi
Ms Shailly Kedia

Can we learn any lessons from the COVID 19 response in order to handle similar existential problems facing the world - such as climate change

Keeping oceans healthy to keep the blue economy running

Ms Swati Ganeshan
Ms Mani Juneja

The significance of oceans for the global economy is immense and the progress of blue economy will depend on the achievement of sustainable development


National Consultative Roundtable Dialogue on Reporting and Monitoring of SDG 12

March 2, 2021
to March 2, 2021

The deliberations from the workshop will help in strengthening the knowledge product on SDG 12- Sustainable Consumption and Production.

On 2nd March 2021, 02:00 PM to 05:00 PM IST

Staying Ahead of the Curve: Advancing S&T Innovation and Collaboration to accelerate Blue Economy in India

February 17, 2021
to February 17, 2021

The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) would be organising a diginar on the theme of, "Staying Ahead of the Curve: Advancing S &T Innovation and Collaboration to accelerate Blue Economy in India". This virtual workshop is a part of the Quadrilateral Dialogue series being jointly organised by KAS (India Office)-TERI-NMF-FICCI on, "Blue Economy-India's Pathway to a Sustainable, Secure and Resilient Economy" from 2020-2021.

Opportunities and Challenges for a Blue economy in Asia-Pacific region in COVID 19 world

February 2, 2021
to February 3, 2021

The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) partnering with KAS Regional Project Energy Security and Climate Change Asia-Pacific (RECAP) and Asian Institute of Technology, Thailand is organising a two-day workshop on the topic "Opportunities and Challenges for a Blue economy in Asia-Pacific region in Covid-19 world".

India's rising presence in Global Energy Scenario - From Global to Local

January 20, 2021
to January 21, 2021

This diginar is the second in a virtual series on "India's energy scenario - 2040 and beyond"

India's energy scenario - 2040 and beyond

November 18, 2020
to November 19, 2020

The diginar on 'Climate change and sustainable development in India's energy security agenda', is a part of virtual series on Indias' energy scenario- 2040 and beyond.

Ensuring sustainability of oceans for a healthy economy: Securing livelihoods and enhancing security

October 28, 2020
to October 28, 2020

A sustainable ocean economy has immense signficance for SDGs and sustainable economic growth, especially of the fisheries sector and coastal economy.

On 28th October 2020, 11:00 AM - 04:00 PM IST


Social security for faster growth

February 16, 2021
| Mr Ajay Shankar
| The Hindu Business Line

The upgradation of the skills of the existing work force needs greater priority and focus under the Skill Mission. Programs have to evolve on the basis of an ongoing assessment of anticipated demand for skills in the area. The ready and abundant availability of trained and efficient manpower with the right skills for global supply chains is a major positive in attracting investment. It may be worthwhile for us to get retired skilled workers from countries such as Germany, Japan and Korea to help us in getting training content and methodology right.

Union Budget FY22: Giving tourism priority this year

January 28, 2021
| Mr Ajay Shankar
| The Financial Express

In the forthcoming Union Budget, it would be worthwhile trying to shift to a growth trajectory that creates more productive and better-paying jobs. Accelerating the pace of job creation would naturally lead to faster decline in poverty as well as reduction in inequality. The way to do this would be to identify sectors where there is a huge potential for creating better jobs. We need the equivalent of the Production-Linked Incentive (PLI) scheme for creating jobs; an ELI (Employment-Linked Incentive) scheme.

Ladies of the Land

January 24, 2021 |
January 28, 2021
The Telegraph

Manish Anand of Delhi's The Energy and Resources Institute has co-authored a paper on enhancing the role of women in agriculture and allied activities and providing them institutional support.

Preserve natural resources, promote farming

March 1, 2018
| Dr Shilpanjali Deshpande Sarma
| The Tribune

Tackling the agrarian crisis from its roots necessitates attention to the important aspect of the neglect and degradation of natural resources, the natural capital that underlies all agriculture production systems.

A living system

February 27, 2018
| Dr Shilpanjali Deshpande Sarma
| The Telegraph

Organic farming can improve sustainability in Indian agriculture. Its principles challenge the dominant narrative of input and energy-intensive industrial agriculture systems that make farmers dependent on expensive commercial inputs and damage soil, water and biodiversity, inducing grave socio-economic adversity. Organic agriculture visualizes the farm as a dynamic ecosystem where biotic and abiotic components interact and harness local resources, such as farm residue, biodiversity and natural processes, to deliver optimal agricultural production and stability.

PM Narendra Modi inaugurates World Sustainable Development Summit 2018

February 16, 2018 |
February 16, 2018

Prime Minister Mr Narendra Modi inaugurated the World Sustainable Development Summit 2018, organized by TERI. The Prime Minister, addressing the gathering at the inaugural speech, laid emphasis on the major current environmental problems that are being faced by the developing nations. Mr Modi added that successful climate action needs access to financial resources and technology. Technology can help countries like India to develop sustainably and enable poor to benefit from it.


Contextualising Blue Economy in Asia-Pacific region

March 22, 2021

The share of Blue Economy in the GDP of Asia-Pacific countries goes up to as high as 87% in some island nations in the region

G20 Circular Carbon Economy: Fostering Circularity in Plastics

October 27, 2020

Fostering circularity in plastic use is an effective way to reduce contamination of marine and coastal environments with plastics and man-made debris. However, there are many challenges down this path.

भारत में गवेषण एवं खनन: गहन खोज का समय

September 14, 2020

भारत में खनिजों के लिए सर्वाधिक भू-वैज्ञानिक संभावनाएं हैं। ऊपरी सतह अथवा उससे कुछ नीचे स्थित अधिकांश खनिज खोजे जा चुके हैं और गहराई में छिपे हुए खनिज निक्षेपण के लिए एक गहन खोज की आवश्यकता है। इसका अभिप्राय है नवीनतम प्रौद्योकियों के द्वारा सतत आधार पर गवेषण किए जाएं।

Strategy for fostering Resource Efficiency and Circular Economy in Goa

July 14, 2020

The strategy paper for Goa presents an overall state-level action plan to mainstream resource efficiency and circular economy and foster sustainable management of resources in the state.

Women in agriculture: Enhancing their role and promoting sustainability and livelihood support

May 26, 2020

The paper looks at enhancing the role of women in agriculture and allied activities and providing institutional support


Policy research on the role of resources in national and global sustainable development

We study the economics of natural resource use, and its interface with development, use modelling frameworks and decision support systems for sustainable management of natural resources. We analyse markets (design, regulation, and behaviour of the agents) to suggest policy, structural, institutional, and legislative changes for promoting efficient and competitive markets.

Multidisciplinary research and policy advice

We perform inter-disciplinary policy research using latest science and technology developments for policy makers, regulators, and concerned stakeholders in areas of regulatory reforms in physical infrastructure sectors like energy, transport, water, and others through research, support, capacity building, awareness programmes, and handholding. Our policy advice is aimed at local and global environmental challenges to trade, investment, resource development.

Director, Integrated Assessments & Modelling
Associate Director, Integrated Policy Analysis Division
Area Convener, Centre for Resource Efficiency & Governance