Resource Efficiency & Security

Unsustainable consumption of resources is at the heart of the crisis of environmental degradation. Our work focuses on understanding the future demand for resources and promoting pathways for resource efficiency, waste management and circular economy. Our integrated modelling and analysis has contributed to shaping and influencing India’s policies on energy, environment and climate change. All our efforts continue to inform policy makers about solutions which need to be scaled up to decouple economic growth from environmental impacts.



  • India resource efficiency policy


    State of Science, Technology and Innovation Skills for Sustainability of India's Food and Land-use Systems

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  • India resource efficiency policy

    Working Paper

    Ensuring Sustainability of Oceans for a Healthy Economy - Securing Livelihoods, Preserving Biodiversity, and Addressing Socio-economic Challenges

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  • Event

    Just Transition – Planning For A Post Coal Future

    24th June, 2021 | 11:00 AM - 01:30 PM IST

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  • plastic Ecosystem for Sustainable Choices


    We never imagined that coal will disappear one day!

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  • Resources

    Working Paper

    Steering Ahead - Leveraging Science, Technology and Innovation in Blue Economy

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Refurbishing Plastic for Climate Action: Finding Value in 'Waste'

Mr Shreyas Joshi

Plastic waste often possesses significant untapped value which when regenerated through circular economy principles can help minimise its environmental impact. This second article in series discusses the key objectives and actions offered by TERI's roadmap to show the environmental action value of plastics

Refurbishing Plastic for Climate Action: The First Steps

Mr Shreyas Joshi

In view of the growing plastic waste crisis and India's commitment to lower the emissions intensity of its GDP by 33-35% by 2030, the article discusses TERI's roadmap for bringing resource efficiency and circularity to the plastic value chain in India

Blue economy: An ocean of livelihood opportunities in India

Ms Mani Juneja

Blue economy for India means a number of economic opportunities related to ocean and marine ecosystems, playing an important role in generating and sustaining livelihoods

The need for re-strategising climate policies in the new-normal scenario

Dr Ria Sinha
Ms Swati Ganeshan

The authors take a brief look at the present status of India's climate commitments, the implications of these recovery packages in the post COVID-19 crises, and the road ahead for clean and green development.

The equilibrium of attention: Will the supply chain provide impetus to achieving sustainability?

Mr Arupendra Nath Mullick
Ms Pooja Kumar

Will India's push for resource efficiency and circular economy also resonate among sustainability stakeholders in Indian industries

What can the Coronavirus response teach us about dealing with climate change?

Mr R R Rashmi
Ms Shailly Kedia

Can we learn any lessons from the COVID 19 response in order to handle similar existential problems facing the world - such as climate change


Just Transition – Planning For A Post Coal Future

June 24, 2021
to June 24, 2021

The event will include a panel discussion and the launch of two working papers prepared by TERI on Just Transition

On 24th June 2021, 11:00 AM - 01:30 PM IST

Navyata: The Green School mega event

June 5, 2021
to June 5, 2021

Navyata, the Green School Project mega event will be the stage for signing of the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) for the initiation of phase IV of the project and more.

On 5th June 2021, 10:00 AM - 11:00 AM IST

National Dialogue on Science, Technology, and Innovation Capabilities and Skilling Approaches for Sustainability of India's Food and Land-Use Systems

April 30, 2021
to April 30, 2021

TERI and Food and Land Use Coalition (FOLU) organized a Virtual National Dialogue on Science, Technology, and Innovation Capabilities and Skilling Approaches for Sustainability of India's Food and Land-Use Systems on 30 April, 2021, 2:00 PM to 4:00 PM IST

On 30th April 2021, 02:00 PM to 04:00 PM IST

National Consultative Roundtable Dialogue on Reporting and Monitoring of SDG 12

March 2, 2021
to March 2, 2021

The deliberations from the workshop will helped in strengthening the knowledge product on SDG 12 - Sustainable Consumption and Production.

On 2nd March 2021, 02:00 PM to 05:00 PM IST

Staying Ahead of the Curve: Advancing S&T Innovation and Collaboration to accelerate Blue Economy in India

February 17, 2021
to February 17, 2021

The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) would be organising a diginar on the theme of, "Staying Ahead of the Curve: Advancing S &T Innovation and Collaboration to accelerate Blue Economy in India". This virtual workshop is a part of the Quadrilateral Dialogue series being jointly organised by KAS (India Office)-TERI-NMF-FICCI on, "Blue Economy-India's Pathway to a Sustainable, Secure and Resilient Economy" from 2020-2021.

Opportunities and Challenges for a Blue economy in Asia-Pacific region in COVID 19 world

February 2, 2021
to February 3, 2021

The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) partnering with KAS Regional Project Energy Security and Climate Change Asia-Pacific (RECAP) and Asian Institute of Technology, Thailand is organising a two-day workshop on the topic "Opportunities and Challenges for a Blue economy in Asia-Pacific region in Covid-19 world".


Real exchange rate: Why the RER is so important

April 7, 2021
| Mr Ajay Shankar
| The Financial Express

By 2017, the real exchange rate (RER) of India had appreciated by over 18%. There was hardly any significant growth in productivity to warrant such a large appreciation. To understand the RER movement, if in a year India has an inflation rate of 6% and its trading partners have a weighted average inflation rate of 2% and the nominal exchange rate remains the same, then the RER appreciates by 4% that year. Imports become cheaper by 4% due to the difference in inflation rates with the exchange rate remaining the same. Similarly, exports become more expensive by 4%.

Social security for faster growth

February 16, 2021
| Mr Ajay Shankar
| The Hindu Business Line

The upgradation of the skills of the existing work force needs greater priority and focus under the Skill Mission. Programs have to evolve on the basis of an ongoing assessment of anticipated demand for skills in the area. The ready and abundant availability of trained and efficient manpower with the right skills for global supply chains is a major positive in attracting investment. It may be worthwhile for us to get retired skilled workers from countries such as Germany, Japan and Korea to help us in getting training content and methodology right.

Union Budget FY22: Giving tourism priority this year

January 28, 2021
| Mr Ajay Shankar
| The Financial Express

In the forthcoming Union Budget, it would be worthwhile trying to shift to a growth trajectory that creates more productive and better-paying jobs. Accelerating the pace of job creation would naturally lead to faster decline in poverty as well as reduction in inequality. The way to do this would be to identify sectors where there is a huge potential for creating better jobs. We need the equivalent of the Production-Linked Incentive (PLI) scheme for creating jobs; an ELI (Employment-Linked Incentive) scheme.

Ladies of the Land

January 24, 2021 |
January 28, 2021
The Telegraph

Manish Anand of Delhi's The Energy and Resources Institute has co-authored a paper on enhancing the role of women in agriculture and allied activities and providing them institutional support.

Preserve natural resources, promote farming

March 1, 2018
| Dr Shilpanjali Deshpande Sarma
| The Tribune

Tackling the agrarian crisis from its roots necessitates attention to the important aspect of the neglect and degradation of natural resources, the natural capital that underlies all agriculture production systems.

A living system

February 27, 2018
| Dr Shilpanjali Deshpande Sarma
| The Telegraph

Organic farming can improve sustainability in Indian agriculture. Its principles challenge the dominant narrative of input and energy-intensive industrial agriculture systems that make farmers dependent on expensive commercial inputs and damage soil, water and biodiversity, inducing grave socio-economic adversity. Organic agriculture visualizes the farm as a dynamic ecosystem where biotic and abiotic components interact and harness local resources, such as farm residue, biodiversity and natural processes, to deliver optimal agricultural production and stability.


Contextualising Blue Economy in Asia-Pacific region

March 22, 2021

The share of Blue Economy in the GDP of Asia-Pacific countries goes up to as high as 87% in some island nations in the region

G20 Circular Carbon Economy: Fostering Circularity in Plastics

October 27, 2020

Fostering circularity in plastic use is an effective way to reduce contamination of marine and coastal environments with plastics and man-made debris. However, there are many challenges down this path.

भारत में गवेषण एवं खनन: गहन खोज का समय

September 14, 2020

भारत में खनिजों के लिए सर्वाधिक भू-वैज्ञानिक संभावनाएं हैं। ऊपरी सतह अथवा उससे कुछ नीचे स्थित अधिकांश खनिज खोजे जा चुके हैं और गहराई में छिपे हुए खनिज निक्षेपण के लिए एक गहन खोज की आवश्यकता है। इसका अभिप्राय है नवीनतम प्रौद्योकियों के द्वारा सतत आधार पर गवेषण किए जाएं।

Strategy for fostering Resource Efficiency and Circular Economy in Goa

July 14, 2020

The strategy paper for Goa presents an overall state-level action plan to mainstream resource efficiency and circular economy and foster sustainable management of resources in the state.

Women in agriculture: Enhancing their role and promoting sustainability and livelihood support

May 26, 2020

The paper looks at enhancing the role of women in agriculture and allied activities and providing institutional support


Policy research on the role of resources in national and global sustainable development

We study the economics of natural resource use, and its interface with development, use modelling frameworks and decision support systems for sustainable management of natural resources. We analyse markets (design, regulation, and behaviour of the agents) to suggest policy, structural, institutional, and legislative changes for promoting efficient and competitive markets.

Multidisciplinary research and policy advice

We perform inter-disciplinary policy research using latest science and technology developments for policy makers, regulators, and concerned stakeholders in areas of regulatory reforms in physical infrastructure sectors like energy, transport, water, and others through research, support, capacity building, awareness programmes, and handholding. Our policy advice is aimed at local and global environmental challenges to trade, investment, resource development.

Director, Integrated Assessments & Modelling
Associate Director, Integrated Policy Analysis Division
Area Convener, Centre for Resource Efficiency & Governance