Climate Change

In the post-Paris agreement era, accelerating climate action is the biggest hope to ensure a safe future for all. In India, our work focuses on climate modelling to develop a better understanding of climate variability at regional scales. We study the risks and vulnerabilities of key sectors such as water, health, agriculture and industry. Our work in climate science is inextricably linked to policy research and recommendations for the Indian government to shape its domestic policies, as well as contribute to its position in global negotiations. Through a number of initiatives, we are beginning to extend our knowledge and research in climate science and policy to other emerging economies.



  • Financing


    Financing Low Carbon Transition in India's MSME Sector

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    HFCs – Enabling efficient refrigerant transitions

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  • climate change video


    A primer on climate change, its impacts, actions and assessments

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  • climate

    Policy Brief

    Mobile Air Conditioning (MAC): A technology landscape, challenges and opportunities for sustainable cooling

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  • Adaptation future


    Locked houses, Fallow lands: Climate Change and Migration in Uttarakhand, India

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Dr Vibha Dhawan meets heads of governments of Japan and Guyana

Director General brings focus on TERI’s multiple initiatives during visits to Japan, Guyana and the United States

TERI director general Dr Vibha Dhawan met heads of government of Japan and Guyana, and the Indian Ambassador to the United States of America (USA) in the month of October.

Brahmapuram Landfill Fire: Points towards the Need for Decentralized Waste Management

In this article, Sharada Balasubramanian highlights that a series of flames have been breaking out, year after year, at the Brahmapuram landfill in Kerala. Yet, it was not taken seriously. This year, the massive uncontrollable fire breakout urged the Kochi Corporation to take serious steps to resolve this issue as it impacted the health of people and the environment. Brahmapuram is the only landfill that is a bone of contention in Kerala, where solid waste management, otherwise is decentralized and systematic.

Mainstreaming Climate-Resilient Water and Sanitation Infrastructure For Long Lasting Impacts

Ms Manisha Jain

In this article, Manisha Jain and Dr Kriti Akansha highlight that it is necessary to support long-term thinking, transformation, flexibility and innovation while taking the associated climate risks into consideration to attain climate resilience. There is a need for a robust framework that ensures climate policies are integrated into all sectors and that planning, implementation, and evaluation are strictly followed.

Climate Actions for Businesses

How Big Should These Be?

When we talk and act on climate action and the energy transition in emerging economies, the discussion can range from topics such as climate mitigation, adaptation, energy transition, financing, and business model innovation to next-generation technologies.

COP27: Climate Chaos and Warfare for People and the Planet

COP27 took place in November 2022 in the Egyptian coastal city of Sharm el-Sheikh. The Conference concluded with a historic decision to establish and operationalize a loss and damage fund. Dr Anil Pratap Singh takes us through the highlights of this important climate conference and concludes that at COP27, unrelenting deliberations took place on setting the needs and priorities of the Parties; thereby resolute implementation plans for the future were developed during the deliberations.


The Responsible Renewable Energy Summit 2024

March 14, 2024
to March 14, 2024

The Responsible Energy Initiative is a multi-year programme dedicated to advancing sustainable Renewable Energy (RE) adoption in India. It strives to unlock the full potential of renewable energy in India, emphasising people-and planet-centric development. REI India is the first inquiry launched as part of the Responsible Energy Initiative.

Conference on Disaster Resilience - 2024

February 15, 2024
to February 15, 2024

Meeting of Chief Sustainability Officers

February 8, 2024
to February 8, 2024

World Sustainable Development Summit 2024

February 7, 2024
to February 9, 2024

 7-9 February 2024 | New Delhi


January 31, 2024
to January 31, 2024


Why Uttarakhand govt wants to evaluate the risk of Glacial Lake Outburst Floods

April 5, 2024 |
April 5, 2024
The Indian Express

The Uttarakhand government has constituted two teams of experts to evaluate the risk posed by five potentially hazardous glacial lakes in the region. These lakes are prone to Glacial Lake Outburst Floods (GLOFs), the kind of events that have resulted in several disasters in the Himalayan states in recent years. The goal of the risk assessment exercise is to minimise the possibility of a GLOF incident and provide more time for relief and evacuation in case of a breach.

Tiger burning bright in the forests of Uttarakhand, but women cannot wait or shirk duty

April 3, 2024 |
April 3, 2024
101 Reporters

Climate change is exacerbating an already disturbed system. Forests, wildlife and rural areas are all under pressure. Due to the socio-economic conditions in Uttarakhand, only women go to the forests for wood and fodder, hence both the burden of labour and climate threat are more on them. That is why women are also victims of human-wildlife conflict, says Ms Suruchi Bhadwal, Senior Fellow and Director, Earth Science and Climate Change Division, TERI.

Will climate change swing India's election?

March 31, 2024 |
March 31, 2024

As the world's largest democracy heads for the polls, India's political parties have been concerningly quiet about climate change. Home to 1.4 billion people, India is among the most climate-vulnerable countries. Yet, discussions about climate action and sustainability are curiously absent in election campaigns and political narratives. Why isn't air quality a central discussion in the campaign, given that most Indian cities rank among the world’s most polluted and why is water security not being discussed when we’re grappling with a severe water crisis?

क्लाइमेट चेंज की भेंट चढ़ेंगी करोड़ों नौकरियां

March 23, 2024 |
March 23, 2024
Navbharat Times

The environmental crisis emerges as one of the foremost challenge of this century. Given this scenario, the crucial question arises: What level of priority will the environment and renewable energy hold for the next government after the Lok Sabha Elections? To mark the 50th Anniversary of TERI, Navbharat Times conducted an interview with Dr Vibha Dhawan, Director General, TERI.

Prompt action help from locals key in responding to disasters Experts

February 15, 2024 |
March 13, 2024
The Week

Several disaster management experts on 15 February 2024 gave their views on how to respond to an unforeseen event, with one calling for roping in people with first-hand knowledge of the area for a better understanding of the measures to be taken. Prodipto Ghosh, Distinguished Fellow, TERI, said that identification of a disaster must be based on three parameters: the scale of damage should be large, the event should not be a slow event like global warming, and its risk must be societal in nature.

WSDS Ends With Release of Act4Earth Manifesto

February 9, 2024 |
March 13, 2024

Ministers from various countries attended the World Sustainable Development Summit convened by The Energy and Resource Institute (TERI) and delivered the paths for sustainable development. WSDS concluded with the release of the Act4Earth Manifesto. The Manifesto summarised the learnings from the 16 plenaries and 31 thematic tracks that were held during the three-day event. During the summit subject matter experts, industry captains, ministers and youth focussed on wide range of issues like climate justice, role of knowledge institutions, sustainable development etc.


Accelerating the Growth of Green Bonds in India

February 8, 2024

India's enormous financial requirements to address climate change and ensure just transitioning for its economy cannot be met by the lone public sector and would require catalyzing private finance and institutional investment into climate initiatives. Green bonds offer an emerging financial instrument that holds the potential to attract private investors into climate action. However, unlike the exponential growth of green bonds in the global market, they still occupy only a scanty share of the Indian bonds market.

Advancing Environmental and Climate Goals Through a Multidimensional Model of Green Budgeting

December 4, 2023

While environmental regulation is the principal responsibility of environmental ministries, their locus standi in terms of implementation is limited as much of the implementation lies with other line ministries/departments and public agencies. Hence, it is essential that ‘environment’ is mainstreamed across ministries, departments, and sectors.

Internationalizing Lifestyles For Sustainable Development

December 2, 2023

Mainstream frameworks on sustainable consumption and production fail to holistically capture downstream segments of resource consumption and production systems, especially regarding lifestyle choices, including its links to upstream and midstream components.

Just Energy Transition Partnerships, Climate Action, and Minilateralism

November 24, 2023

Transitioning towards clean energy and renewable sources is a significant measure to restrict Greenhouse Gas emissions and meet the climate goals set out in the Paris Agreement. Upcoming minilateral mechanisms, especially partnerships such as JETPs, despite setting ambitious targets have little to offer on recognizing the specific needs of the Global South to support sustainable energy transitions.

Road to Dubai and the Global Goal on Adaptation

November 24, 2023

IPCC's definition of adaptation emphasizes on human and natural systems rather than countries. A paradigm shift is needed in the climate regime regarding adaptation including not viewing vulnerability as only a country – centric approach. Instead, identifying vulnerability hotspots supplemented by formulating people-centric and nature-centric approaches in climate negotiations is need of the hour.


Climate change risk assessment

We generate climate projections at global and regional scales and impacts, vulnerability and adaptation assessments in key sectors using established models and our in-house super-computing facility. We also conducts GHG inventorization and mitigation analysis. We provide national and international policy analysis and review, and contribute to key issues in negotiations encompassing adaptation, mitigation, technology, and finance.

Distinguished Fellow, Earth Science and Climate Change
Distinguished Fellow, Earth Science and Climate Change
Distinguished Fellow and Programme Director, Resource Efficiency & Governance
Director, Earth Science and Climate Change
Associate Director, Earth Science and Climate Change
Area Convenor, Center for Climate Change Research