Supporting Enhancement in India's NDC Ambition
Strengthening India's NDC will require showing that further ambition is possible in sectors that are currently at the core of India's policy strategy (power), as well as expanding the NDC to new sectors currently not covered by the NDC (transport, industry). Strengthening India's NDC will also require establishing stronger analytical and policy links between India's development and sustainability agendas, particularly in crucial sectors like agriculture, manufacturing, and urban development. It will also require creating, through international dialogue, enough confidence among Indian policy-makers that other major economies are also considering enhanced NDCs.
With support from Children's Investment Fund Foundation (CIFF), TERI will produce policy-relevant, cutting-edge research and analysis and thought leadership required for supporting an enhancement in India's Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) under the Paris Agreement.
TERI will support the Government with well-informed policy analysis on critical areas, especially on the development of a long-term GHG reduction strategy and the industrial decarbonisation pathway. The programme will also involve convening different groups that can assist with building consensus around the emerging pieces of analysis and conclusions. These convenings would provide a place for assembling different line ministries, and international and domestic climate policy experts to enable dialogue and synthesis that takes into account the influence of different sectors on the overall objective of NDC enhancement.
Below are some of the activities planned under the project:
- India's Mid-Century Strategy for India:
A marked shift in India's domestic policy will be required across sectors in order to achieve Net Zero emissions by 2050. This activity will delve on the question whether net zero emissions are possible by 2050. The activity will highlight key climate actions in high emitting sectors in India that will take India on the path to achieve net zero emissions by 2050 along with challenges.
- Low carbon industrial transition strategy for India:
Indian industry contributes to a significant portion of the total GHG emissions. Within the industry sector, there are many sub-sectors, which are highly energy intensive and have been categorized as harder to abate. The work under this activity focuses on deepening the understanding in the (i) steel sector, (ii) petrochemicals with a focus on plastics recycling, and (iii) use of hydrogen as a cleaner fuel.
- Pathways to Transition to Zero Emissions In India's Power Sector by 2050:
The power sector represents the largest share of Indian energy-related CO2 emissions, and at the same time is essential for India's economic development and providing improved livelihoods to the Indian people. Currently, the power sector is experiencing a transition towards higher shares of renewables, based on the economic competitiveness of renewables projects versus alternative sources of generation. This activity will establish a comprehensive shared understanding of the options achieving close to zero emissions in the power sector by 2050.
- Just Transition:
The NDC goals would require transition to cleaner energy, industries, low carbon transport, enhanced forest resources, among others. This will have impacts on the economy in both positive and negative ways. The nature of such socio-economic impact will vary with the location, value chain, level of skills and gender. All activities under this project will integrate a consideration of just transition, however this activity will involve an assessment of the socio-economic impacts of the transition at the macro-level covering all sectors, as well as develop bottom-up case studies in one or more sectors to enable policy makers to develop strategies for inclusive sustainable development.
- NDC Enhancement Forum:
The project will involve convenings of different groups to build consensus around the emerging pieces of analysis and conclusions. On 2nd April 2020, TERI organised a discussion titled 'Big Picture 2050: Shared Vision for India's Growth and Low-Emissions Development' on high-level summary of actions required to achieve net zero emissions by 2050. A follow-up discussion is scheduled to be held on 30th April 2020.
- Enhancing forest sink through Forestry in India:
This activity will aim to provide pathways and strategies for Forestry Sector NDC goal of creation of additional carbon sink of 2.5 to 3 bn Tonnes of Co2 equivalent through additional Forest and Tree Cover by 2030.This activity will further assess socio-economic benefits of this pathway, with particular focus on sustainable forest management, rural livelihoods, and landscape resilience.
- Options for enhancing low-carbon Transport in India:
This activity will aim to assess the potential and impact of electrification in the land transport sector on GHG emissions with possible local benefits of improved ambient air quality at the local level. It will also look into the infrastructure aspects of electrification specifically charging infrastructure. Further, it will look at the role of railways in achieving low-carbon transport by understanding the electrification potential through shift from diesel locomotive to electric locomotive in carrying passengers and freight.
- Options for mitigating emissions from Fertilizer Use and enhancing Land quality:
This activity will develop different scenarios of fertilizer use in the agriculture sector, its implications for GHG emissions and impacts on Land. With an aim to reduce the emissions and minimise the negative impact on land, this activity will develop mid-term and long-term strategies including technology intervention. This will be done at three levels: the crop level, the farm system level and at the level of food systems. Specific case studies on the identified key technological innovations will be developed along with socio-economic impact assessment of the successful key technological innovations.