Research Papers

Puducherry Green Budget 2023-24

Dr Shailly Kedia, Palak Khanna, Sagaya Alfred, Kalamegam K, Balaji T

The Green Budget Report of the Union Territory of Puducherry for FY 2022-23 (baseline year) and FY 2023-2024 is a comprehensive document that outlines the green budget allocation, highlights sustainability initiatives, maps activities to promote environment-sensitive planning, accountability, aligns with the sustainable development goals, and provides valuable recommendations for departmental budgeting.


Transition Risk Management for Land-Based Climate Measures

Mishra Amlan , Chakravarty Smita , Bhadwal Suruchi
| 2023

At the 26th Conference of Parties in Glasgow, several countries set targets of achieving net zero greenhouse gas emissions, with India committing to do so by 2070. Along with renewable energy generation and decarbonization, the land-use sector holds tremendous potential in contributing to the net-zero agenda in many developing countries. Any goal to upscale land-based climate interventions in these countries will need to be operationalized in the wider context of ensuring food security, reducing land and soil degradation, and improving land productivity and farmer livelihoods.

Intersectional Approaches to Promote Gender Equality

Chakravarty Smita , Mishra Amlan , Banerjee Soham
| 2023

Striving for gender equality and empowerment has been the focus of the G20 and its 2030 agenda. The impact of various historical, social, economic, and geographical factors have led to women being marginalized and excluded from the development process. Recognising the intersectionality of women’s vulnerability is critical to break them out from the cycle of systemic gender injustices. Learning from diverse experiences of how intersectionality compounds the vulnerability of women is necessary for designing policies that can contribute to a more inclusive economy.

A Framework for Enhancing International Climate Finance Flows

Shrivastava Manish Kumar , Rusnok David , Lupke Heiner , Neuhoff Karsten , Keen Samantha
| 2023

The mobilization and disbursement of climate finance at the scale and speed required to meet global targets is hindered by high cost of capital. At the root of this high cost are the perceived high risk of investment, institutional ambiguities across sectors and countries, and the fact that countries are politically accountable to their domestic stakeholders who may disapprove of such risk. Absent a transition from old business models to new low-carbon ones—a step that requires changes in the political economy—this perception will persist.

Promoting Gender-Inclusive Mobility

Paul Akshaya
| 2023

The provision of accessible urban transport solutions facilitates opportunities, including obtaining education and participating in economic activities. Yet, historically, urban transport planning has overlooked women’s mobility needs. The failure of mobility systems to respond to gender based evidence poses challenges and places constraints on women because of their greater dependence on public transport. Therefore, India, through the G20, should recognise women’s mobility requirements and engage them in decision-making processes to achieve gender-inclusive policy formulation.

Greening Cold Chain Infrastructure to Develop Global Food Corridors: Accelerating the Achievement of the 2030 Agenda

Dhawan Vibha , Murphy Amelia , Kleymeyer Ana Maria , Zaelke Durwood , Osho Zerin
| 2023

Each year, one-third of the total food for human consumption is either lost or wasted even as millions worldwide experience food insecurity. Similarly, over 25 percent of vaccines are wasted each year while millions die from vaccine-preventable illnesses Sustainable cold chain infrastructure can significantly reduce post-harvest food loss and vaccine wastage, and deliver social and climate benefits. However, acknowledging the need for cold storage alone does not ensure food security or access to vaccines, and must be supported by policies and resources, including technologies.

A G20 Coalition on Emerging Technologies for a Zero-Carbon, Climate-Resilient Sustainable Future

Shrivastava Manish Kumar , Anindito Dhimas Bayu , Sahu Preety
| 2023

The Paris Agreement and Sustainable Development Goals necessitate a move towards a developmental convergence point where all are safe, prosperous, and live in peace. Such a future partly hinges upon the timely development, deployment, and rapid diffusion of technologies, particularly emerging technologies. While these technologies are on the horizon, the risk lies in the time that they might take to have a mature market across the G20 countries.

Financing Climate-Smart Agriculture for Sustainable Agri-Food Systems

Anand Pramod Kumar, Pandey Beena, Kumar Chandan, Mishra J. P., Kumar Krishna, Bharti Neha, Rao P. Srinivasa, Sahoo Pradeep, Jena Pradyot Ranjan, Kalli Rajesh, Saini Rohit, Bajpai Sakshi, Rath Sambit, Prabhakar Sisira, Joshi Sukrit, Bhadwal Suruchi
| 2023

A critical concern related to the agri-food system is inadequate financing to meet the adverse impacts of climate change, and the extreme variability of global food security and nutrition to attain Sustainable Development Goal 2 (zero hunger). As per the 2022 Report of the United Nations Secretary General on SDGs, 720 to 811 million persons suffered from hunger in 2020, with between 118 to 161 million added to the list of the hungry since 2019.

Molecular Diagnostic of Ochratoxin A With Specific Aptamers in Corn and Groundnut via Fabrication of a Microfluidic Device

Shahdeo Deepshikha , Khan Azmat Ali , Alanazi Amer M. , Bajpai Vivek K. , Shukla Shruti , Gandhi Sonu
| 2022

Ochratoxin A (OTA) is one of the predominant mycotoxins that contaminate a wide range of food commodities. In the present study, a 36-mer aptamer was used as a molecular recognition element coupled with gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) for colorimetric detection of OTA in a microfluidic paper-based analytical device (μPADs). The μPADs consisted of three zones: control, detection, and sample, interconnected by channels. UV-vis spectroscopy (UV-vis), Dynamic Light Scattering (DLS), and Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) were used for characterization of AuNPs and AuNPs/Aptamer.

Sensitive Fingerprint Detection Using Biocompatible Mesoporous Silica Nanoparticle Coating on Non‐Porous Surfaces

Bhati Kajol , Tripathy Divya Bajpai , Kumaravel Vignesh, Sudhani Hemanth P. K., Ali Sajad , Choudhary Rita , Shukla Shruti
| 2023

In recent years, the development and application of biocompatible nanomaterials in the detection of fingerprints have become a major focus for the forensic sector and crime investigators. This study aims to synthesize biocompatible silica nanoparticles (Si NPs) through cost‐effective green methods and will be used to detect a latent fingerprint on a non‐porous surface. As a type of environmentally friendly nanomaterial, Si NPs were prepared via an oil–water mixed micro‐emulsion templating (MET) approach.