Compensation mechanism for climate change impacted communities is needed: Mr. RP Gupta, MOEFCC Secretary at the launch of TERI COP26 Charter of Actions in Glasgow
Glasgow, November 8, 2021: "Discussions on climate action must start with those people and areas which are going to have greatest of the impact from climate change," said Mr. Rameshwar Prasad Gupta, Secretary, Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Government of India, during the launch of "COP26 Charter of Actions" at the 26th Conference of the Parties (COP26) under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) at an official UNFCCC side event titled, "Beyond Climate Neutrality: Using Long-term Strategies (LTS) to Chart an Equitable Path for a Resilient Planet" in Glasgow. Held on November 6, 2021 the event was organized by The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) and TERI School of Advanced Studies in collaboration with the German Advisory Council on Global Change (WBGU), Warsaw Institute for Economic and European Studies Foundation (WiseEuropa), and Ecologic Institute.
In his keynote address, Mr. Gupta emphasized the importance of adaptation finance and adaptation action wherein countries and communities must be helped through a definite negotiated agenda. Underscoring that even if the world reaches carbon neutrality, extreme events due to climate change will be much more severe and more frequent, he highlighted that, "Climate neutrality does not talk about taking out the carbon which has already been put in there, it only talks about not adding any more carbon into the atmosphere. As a result, we are going to see more and more severe events in spite of having reached carbon neutrality, and extreme events will be much more severe and more frequent. So, we also have to think of a mechanism for compensating those people and the communities who are going to be impacted and who are going to suffer the losses. They will have to be an integral part of the agenda". Emphasizing that equity and climate justice has to play an important role in any global climate action, Mr. Gupta reiterated that, "equitable carbon and development space before reaching carbon neutrality to achieve sustainable development must be based on the principles of common, but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities".
Inaugurating the event and welcoming the distinguished guests, Dr. Vibha Dhawan, Director General, TERI, highlighted, "to reach climate stabilization, it is crucial that countries develop long-term visions, goals, and strategic guidelines for climate policy, embedded in the wider sustainability agenda". She also said that "issues emanating from the COP26 discussions and the Charter would culminate in a review at a plenary session at the World Sustainable Development Summit 2022, which would assess the efforts of international climate negotiations in securing a sustainable future, and deliberate on future actions".
The launch was followed by three presentations by Dr. Shailly Kedia, TERI on 'COP26 Charter of Actions', Prof. Karen Pittel, WBGU on 'Beyond Climate Neutrality', as well as Ms. Aleksander Sniegocki, on behalf of WiseEuropa and Ecologic Institute on 'Lessons Learned and Outlook for National LTS Process in the EU Member States'.
"Out of the 31 LTS documents communicated to UNFCCC ahead of COP26 as per the provisions of Article 4.19, 86% have a weak focus on Adaptation. While formulating and communication of LTS is important, developing countries should in this regard play a key role in tabling proposals for a more concrete agenda on Adaptation", underscored Dr. Kedia at the session, while giving a presentation on the COP26 Charter of Actions and presenting the key messages from the Charter.
Moderating the session, Mr. R. R. Rashmi, Distinguished Fellow, TERI, emphasized that "Article 4.19 of Paris Agreement envisages that long-term strategies needs to be prepared by all countries, but this is under Article 4 which talks about NDCs (nationally determined contributions), and NDCs are supposed to be comprehensive and not only focus on mitigation but also focus on adaptation which is at the moment is captured under Article 7 of the Paris Agreement". Dr. Marta Torres-Gunfaus, IDDRI, who was a guest speaker, emphasized that the process of developing long-term strategies is important because it helps in understanding the complexities including trade-offs concerning long-term goals.
The event ended with Prof Eklabya Sharma, Vice-Chancellor, TERI School of Advanced Studies, giving the vote of thanks. He emphasized on the importance of developing skills across institutions to tackle climate change impacts. He reiterated that the universities and higher educational institutions are important, and they have to work in tandem with the governments.
Global discussions are important but the real arena for climate action is at the national and sub-national levels and also in business & industry. It is essential that climate action be understood in sectoral terms as well as cross-sectoral terms including in areas of finance as well as innovation. The Charter examines the themes of equity, green finance, adaptation, nature-based solutions, energy, transport, and business actions. The approach for preparing the Charter includes descriptive analysis and stakeholder consultations. The Charter examines the themes in the context of India and in the process, distils messages for the global community for COP26 and beyond. Some of the key messages from the Charter are:
- India's approach has to be rooted in equity, climate justice and principles of United Nations Convention on Climate Change. It is imperative that the progress made by countries is assessed considering the principles of equity and duly incorporating adaptation, climate finance and technology transfer before the global stocktake that is to take place at COP28 in 2023.
- Adaptation has to be integral for a global response to climate change in the short, medium and long term timeframes as recognized under Article 7 of the Paris Climate Agreement. However, long-term strategies (LTS) formulated and communicated under Article 4.19 of the Paris Agreement, at the moment, largely focus on mitigation and do not consider adequately adaptation to climate change. Long-term strategies also need to factor climate finance, technology transfer and in-situ and ex-situ adaptation measures along with sustainable consumption.
- Short, medium and long term strategies at the global level must focus on sustainable lifestyles and consumption. There is a need to further strengthen alignment with SDG 12 along with concrete measures such as responsible advertising, eco-labels and awareness.
- Revised NDC pledges and net-zero commitments by few countries give a glimmer of hope to realize the Paris goals. A higher level of ambition is needed from developed countries, who should move towards being net-negative by 2050 and will need to achieve net-zero much earlier.
- United States alone accounts for 25% the cumulative CO2 emissions (1850-2019); G7 account for 45%; EU-27 accounts 17%; China 13%. India accounts for only 3.1% of the cumulative emissions. At 1.9 tonnes, India has lowest per capita emissions among G20 countries. India's per capita emissions is less than half of the global average. Despite this India is an important player for climate actions efforts. India should continue to show normative and entrepreneurial leadership when it comes to mobilizing national and international climate actions.
The Charter activities are supported by the British High Commission, Bloomberg Philanthropies, Shakti Sustainable Energy Foundation and Tata Cleantech Capital, and held under the aegis of TERI's flagship track-II initiative, the World Sustainable Development Summit (WSDS).
COP26 Charter of Actions: https://www.teriin.org/project/cop26-charter-actions#cop26-charter-doc
Event Recording: https://bit.ly/COP26LTS
Media Pack: https://bit.ly/GETCOP26
The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) is an independent, multi-dimensional research organization, with capabilities in policy research, technology development, and implementation. It has pioneered conversations and action in the energy, environment, climate change, and sustainability space for over four decades. Headquartered in New Delhi, TERI has regional centres and campuses in Gurugram, Bengaluru, Guwahati, Mumbai, Panaji, and Nainital, supported by a multi-disciplinary team of scientists, sociologists, economists, engineers, administrative professional and state-of-the-art infrastructure.