Research Papers

Assessment of groundwater quality of CKDu affected uddanam region in Srikakulam district and across Andhra Pradesh, India

Lal Kanhaiya, Sehgal Meena, Gupta Vidhu, Sharma Aastha
| 2020

Uddanam region in Srikakulam district of Andhra Pradesh, India, is a CKD hotspot with high prevalence of CKD of unknown etiology (CKDu). A number of investigators have suggested that groundwater contamination could be one of the factors contributing to the high prevalence of CKDu in this region. This study was focused on the monitoring and assessment of groundwater quality of Uddanam region and also in identifying potential etiological factors of CKDu from drinking water.

Human Gut Microbiota and Mental Health: Advancements and Challenges in Microbe-Based Therapeutic Interventions

Verma Helianthous, Phian Sonika, Lakra Priya, Kaur Jasleen, Subudhi Sanjukta , Lal Rup & Rawat Charu Dogra
| 2020

Gut microbes play prime role in human health and have shown to exert their influence on various physiological responses including neurological functions. Growing evidences in recent years have indicated a key role of gut microbiota in contributing to mental health. The connection between gut and brain is modulated by microbes via neural, neuroendocrinal and metabolic pathways that are mediated through various neurotransmitters and their precursors, hormones, cytokines and bioactive metabolites. Impaired functioning of this connection can lead to manifestation of mental disorders.

Securitization of Climate Change- Issues for Global and National Security

Kedia Shailly, Ganeshan Swati, Sehbag Pooja
| 2020

The Energy and Resources Institute and the India Office of the Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung aim to bring together a diverse set of perspectives on aspects of global security by involving experts through research and dialogue; the experts range from scientists to practitioners drawn from the domains of climate change, governance and security. The objective of this policy study is to discuss various aspects of ‘securitization of climate change’, which include non-traditional security, external security, internal security and political dynamics.

Addressing Air Quality Spurts due to Crop Stubble Burning during COVID19 Pandemic: A case of Punjab

Pandey Rita, Kedia Shailly, Malhotra Anuja
| 2020

World over the headlines are centred on COVID-19. The World Health Organisation (WHO), various subject experts, and governments across the world see this pandemic sticking around in some measure until a cure or a vaccine has been found. In view of this, there is an urgent need that all stakeholders – governments, industry, people, and civil society – shift their strategy from largely reactive, so far, to proactive.

Assessing Management of Plastic Straws Attached with used Beverage Cartons – A Case Study of 3 Metropolitan Cities of India

Manuja Sourabh, Pandey Suneel
| 2020

The global plastic production has increased from 1.5 Million Metric Tonnes (MMT) in 1950 to 359 MMT in 2018 and overall around 8.3 Billion Metric Tonnes of virgin plastics have been produced worldwide. Globally, only 9% produced plastic was recycled and 12% went into thermal recovery routes.

Indian plastic consumption is estimated to be 20 MMT by end of 2020with about 39% of total plastics being consumed for packaging. India’s growth rate of plastic consumption is one of the highest in the world, due to rising middle class income group.

An Audit of Mechanized Road Sweeping Operations in National Capital of India- A case Study

Manuja Sourabh; Upadhyaya Akash; Choudhary Kuldeep; Pandey Suneel
| 2020

Air pollution has increasingly become a serious concern, predominantly because of its impact on health, agriculture and the general well-being of humans, floral and faunal population. A study in 2018 revealed, dust and construction contribute 17% and 38% of PM2.5 concentrations and 25% and 41% of PM10 concentration in Delhi during summer and winters respectively. Indicating a clear demand to reduce exhaust and non-exhaust emissions, from the city- particularly associated with roads dust.

An Audit of Mechanized Road Sweeping Operations in National Capital of India- A case Study

Manuja Sourabh; Upadhyaya Akash; Choudhary Kuldeep; Pandey Suneel
| 2020

Air pollution has increasingly become a serious concern, predominantly because of its impact on health, agriculture and the general well-being of humans, floral and faunal population. A study in 2018 revealed, dust and construction contribute 17% and 38% of PM2.5 concentrations and 25% and 41% of PM10 concentration in Delhi during summer and winters respectively. Indicating a clear demand to reduce exhaust and non-exhaust emissions, from the city- particularly associated with roads dust.

An Audit of Municipal Solid Waste Management System in Selected Wards of Varanasi - A Case Study

Manuja Sourabh, Singh Nirbhay Kumar, Gaurav Jai Kuma, Rathi Vaibhav , Pandey Suneel, Ahmad Dilshad, Choudhary Kuldeep
| 2020

Growing population, increasing urbanization and changing lifestyles impact the municipal solid waste (MSW) generation quantities, stressing the management infrastructure and cities ability to manage waste. To understand the existing MSW management scenario, level of implementation of waste management Rules, 2016 and citizen’s engagement, an audit of MSW management system was conducted in the area of Varanasi Municipal Corporation (VMC) between 23rd September 2019 to 01st February 2020.

Improving Sustainable Energy Access among SC/ST Community in Chamarajanagara District of Karnataka

H H Ninga Setty and Gopal Lasya
| 2020

The main objective of the project was to improve the indoor air quality among SC&ST households in Chamarajanagara district, Karnataka state, through provision of clean energy solutions for cooking and lighting. This intervention was undertaken by The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) with the support of Ministry of Science and Technology, Government of India.