Research Papers

The Challenges and Issues associated with the Promulgation of the Environmental Norms as Mandated by the MOEF&CC on 7th December 2015

Dube Shiv Kumar
| 2017

The Ministry of Environment, Forest & Climate Change has notified the revised standards for coal-based Thermal Power Plants in the country, with the primary aim of minimizing pollution. These standards are proposed to be implemented in a phased manner. Thermal power plants are categorized into 3 categories, namely those:- (i) Installed before 31st December, 2003 (ii) Installed after 2003 upto 31st December, 2016 and (iii) Installed after 31st December, 2016.

Synthesis and swelling characteristics of chitosan and CMC grafted sodium acrylate-co-acrylamide using modified nanoclay and examining its efficacy for removal of dyes

Nagarpita M.V., Roy Pratik, Shruthi S.B. , Sailaja R.R.N.
| 2017

Chitosan/carboxy methyl chitosan (CMC) grafted sodium acrylate-co-acrylamide/nanoclay superabsorbent nanocomposites have been synthesized in this study by following conventional and microwave assisted grafting methods. Microwave assisted grafting method showed higher grafting yield with enhanced reaction rate. Effect of nanoclay on water adsorption and swelling behaviour of both the composites in acidic, neutral and alkaline medium has been studied. Results showed enhanced swelling rate and water adsorption of both composites after adding 5% of silane treated nanoclay.

Solar-Based Decentralized Energy Solution-A Case of Entrepreneur Based Model from Rural India

Banerjee Manjushree, Rehman I H , Tiwari Jitendra
| 2017

In India one of every three rural households depends on kerosene based lighting systems that are characterized by low illumination and hazardous smoke. Given the existing and foreseeable gap between demand and supply, universal modern energy access can only be achieved in the short to medium term through a combination of grid and off-grid approaches. The paper presents a case study of solar photovoltaic based micro-grids (generating 75 W–1 kW) used to meet basic lighting requirements of 30 rural communities during peak demand hours (6–10 pm).

Respiratory signs and symptoms of a rural subpopulation in India: What do they tell us?

Sehgal Meena, Gautam Sumit Kumar, Gaine Tanushree, Manna Sayak, Bhattacharjee Samresh, Krishnan Anand
| 2017

The study estimated the prevalence of chronic respiratory conditions among the cooks exposed to the burning of solid biomass cooking fuel. Questionnaire-based survey and lung function tests were administered to capture the self-reported respiratory health symptoms and lung health respectively. The estimated prevalence of chronic bronchitis was 3.14%,4.84%, 7.09%, 10.91% for 26–35, 36–45, 46–55, 56–65 years age group respectively.

Measuring Satisfaction of TERI Research Fraternity towards Competitive Advantage: An analytical survey of News-based Information Service.

Shukla Pallavi, Ganguly Shantanu, Bhattacharya P K
| 2017

TERI has been providing News-based Information Services for a very long time. Various types of NEWS items are selected for the research fraternity. Some of the NEWS items are required to sensitize the current issues in the field of Energy, Environment and Sustainable Development. TERI LIC has been aggregating Business Opportunities also, based on which TERI researchers can develop proposals and seek business from the market.

Import Dependence and Food and Nutrition Security Implications: The Case of Pulses in India

Bhattacharjya Souvik, Chaudhury Saswata, Nanda Nitya
| 2017

Pulses are the staple sources of protein for Indians and contribute significantly to their nutritional security. However, limited growth in domestic production, has led to India's increased import dependence. India's import of pulses almost doubled in the last ten years and is currently estimated to be more than 3 million tonnes. Imports account for 15 to 20 per cent of total domestic production. The article presents the factors behind stagnating pulses production, India's vulnerability to pulses import shortage and thereby food security implications.

Exploring the nature of rural energy transition in India :Insights from case studies of eight villages in Bihar

Goswami Anandajit, Bandyopadhyay Kaushik Ranjan, Kumar Atul
| 2017

The purpose of this paper is to explore the nature of rural energy transition in cooking options in India. Although India is aiming to achieve a double-digit economic growth, a large share of rural households still rely on firewood for cooking which not only has serious repercussions of increasing indoor pollution but also has a concomitant adverse effect on women and child morbidity and mortality. However, transition to clean energy options like improved cookstoves for these households may not be necessarily linear.

Empowerment of Women Through Tasar Sericulture Activities in Jharkhand State

Setty H H Ninga, Gopal Lasya, Chinnaswamy K P
| 2017

Jharkand is a newly created state in India, rich in forest and tribal population. The State is known for tasar sericulture and production of highest tasar silk in India. The State Department of Handloom, Sericulture and Handicraft (DHS&H), has been striving hard for promotion of sericulture in the state by launching several projects. Jharkhand Silk Textile and Handicraft Development Corporation Ltd (Jharcraft) in the state is responsible for promoting post cocoon sericultural activities form cocoon to fabric for livelihood enhancement of rural and tribal population.

Development of models for prediction of the energy content of disposed MSW from an unsecured landfill

Siddiqui Faisal Zia, Zaidi Sadaf, Manuja Sourabh, Pandey Suneel, Khan M Emran
| 2017

This research was undertaken to estimate the energy potential of municipal solid waste (MSW) disposed over the past 15 years in an unsecured landfill located in Okhla, Delhi, India. The research collected a total of 98 samples from various depths and locations, which were analyzed for physico-chemical characterization. Multiple regression models for estimating the energy content of the disposed MSW were developed to predict average gross calorific value (GCV) and net calorific value (NCV).

Characterization of a Novel Polymeric Bioflocculant Produced from Bacterial Utilization of n-Hexadecane and Its Application in Removal of Heavy Metals

Pathak Mihirjyoti, Sarma Hridip K, Bhattacharyya Krishna G, Subudhi Sanjukta, Bisht Varsha, Lal Banwari and Devi Arundhuti
| 2017

A novel polymeric bioflocculant was produced by a bacterium utilizing degradation of n-hexadecane as the energy source. The bioflocculant was produced with a bioflocculating activity of 87.8%. The hydrocarbon degradation was confirmed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis and was further supported with contact angle measurements for the changes in hydrophobic nature of the culture medium. A specific aerobic degradation pathway followed by the bacterium during the bioflocculant production and hydrocarbon utilization process has been proposed.