Research Papers

Vulnerability of Child Health to Climate Related Agricultural Productivity Threat in India

Sehgal Meena , Kumar Sujit, Kanwal Ghosh, Singh Nayan, Gupta Vidhu, Lal Kanhaiya, Sehgal Anu, Ajay Mathur
| 2021

India faces the burden of under-nutrition, especially among children under five years of age. The gap in nutritional needs and intake, point to the inadequacies in the food and nutrition security of India. This study examines data at the district level to identify vulnerable populations across the geographical expanse of the country. In order to identify districts appropriate for improving the food and nutrition security, a statistical approach was developed to prioritize areas for public health interventions.

Energising change: Clean cooking and the changing social position of women

Govindan Mini, Murali Rashmi
| 2021

The development community clearly recognises the urgency of switching to clean cooking solutions while also creating just energy systems by gainfully involving women as entrepreneurs in the clean cooking value chain.

Influence of Electricity Access on Gender: Evidences from Nepal

Murali Rashmi, Brahmachari Deborshi, Govindan Mini
| 2019

Access to modern energy has been found to especially benefit rural women, in terms of reducing their drudgery and increasing their efficiency of time use. This paper draws from the findings of a primary household survey and qualitative study in Nepal in order to analyse how access to modern energy affects gendered aspects of health, education, income generation, and decision-making. It was found that a higher percentage of children (boys and girls) from households with electricity access were enrolled in schools and spent more hours studying.

A method of wet algal lipid recovery for biofuel production

Patel Swati, Kannan Dheeban Chakravarthi

Drying of algae is resource-intensive (land, energy) for biofuel production. A method to recover lipids from wet algae has been developed at lab scale. The method is based on introduction of polar solvent first into wet algae to replace the water inside the cells, followed by gradual introduction of non-polar solvent to replace the polar solvent and thus extract lipids.

Impact of Clean Energy Interventions on Development in India: A Techno-Economic Analysis

Goswami Anandajit, Kedia Shailly, Chaudhury Saswata, Kumar Atul
| 2021

As a response to repercussions to COVID-19, India's government announced ‘Atma Nirbhar Bharat’ or a ‘self-reliant’ India, which is to the tune of INR 20 trillion or 10 percent of the country’s GDP. The package has five pillars: economy, infrastructure, system, vibrant demography, and demand. Energy is central to all the five pillars of India’s recovery package. Thus, a more detailed scenario based analysis of the energy systems in India and the macro-economic implications is required. Two sets of models are considered for this analysis.

Baseline investigation for environmental project- A scientific approach

Bamal Apoorva , Thakur Amit Kumar, Tripathi Shailendra Kumar
| 2021

Environmental sustainability is achieved through well versed research and analysis of the current and potential future issues under the defined sustainable development goals (SDGs). In this context, it is essential to establish a strategic formulation and implementation of activities/ projects that lead to sustainable development. An important segment to achieve this is availability of precise information regarding respective sectors, post which projects are formulated under CSR (Corporate Social Responsibility).

A critical review of literature on the nexus between central grid and off-grid solutions for expanding access to electricity in Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia

Bhattacharyya S C, Palit Debajit
| 2021

This paper critically examines the literature on the grid-offgrid debate and discusses the role of and the relationship between different electricity access options through a synthesis and critical reflection. This paper finds that models using greater resolution and capturing low voltage distribution infrastructure appear to recommend decentralised electricity solutions, whereas central grid extension emerges as the preferred outcome of more aggregated analysis, concentrated population clusters and for higher demand scenarios.

‘Lactobacillus sp. strain TERI-D3’, as microbial cell factory for fermentative production of lactic acid’.

Verma Dipti, Subudhi Sanjukta
| 2021

This study reports for lactic acid production from different carbohydrates; monosaccharide (glucose, galactose, lactose) & disaccharides (sucrose) and from lignocellulose biomass (rice straw) by a novel strain ‘Lactobacillus sp. strain TERI-D3’. ‘TERI-D3’ strain produced 19.9, 19.4, 18.1 and 15.8 g/L of lactic acid from glucose, sucrose, lactose and galactose, respectively. Maximum lactic acid yield efficiency (0.97 g/g) was observed with glucose (>95% of the theoretical maximum yield). Lactic acid titer from glucose was 0.41 g/L.