Manuja Sourabh, Ahmad Kafeel, Haq Inamul
A key concern with the increasing waste generation and its improper management is emission of methane from disposal sites. Waste management contributed 14% of the total global methane emissions and about 3.45% of India’s total greenhouse gas (GHG)emissions in 2010 with 6,5052.47GgCO2eq emissions. In 2015, India committed to decrease its emissions intensity per unit gross domestic product by 33–35% below 2005 levelstill 2030.
Decentralized Organic Waste Management with Small-Scale Anaerobic Digester - A Case Study of Pune, India
Frankiewicz Tom, Damodaran Nimmi , Manuja Sourabh
Pune generates 2,100 metric tons of municipal solid waste per day, of which 45-50% is organic waste. One of the most successful features of Pune’s waste management is the city’s network of 26 decentralized biodigesters, each processing five to ten tonnes of organic waste per day. These biodigesters provide energy to light the neighborhood and soil amendment to maintain local green spaces. They vastly reduce transportation costs by treating waste locally rather than transporting them to centralized treatment or disposal facilities.
A Not-so-rare Species: Sightings of Mandarin Ratsnakes, Euprepiophis mandarinus (Cantor 1842), in the Zunheboto District of Nagaland, India
Lele Yatish, Kiba Vihoto , Sethi Pia, and Edake Siddharth
The Mandarin Ratsnake (Euprepiophis mandarinus) is a non-venomous colubrid native to China (including Taiwan), Laos, Myanmar, Vietnam, and a few localities in India (Ji et al. 2012). The species occurs in subtropical and montane forests and agricultural areas, where these constrictors feed largely on small mammals (Whitaker and Captain 2004).
Solar PV mini-grids versus large-scale embedded PV generation: A case study of Uttar Pradesh (India)
Bhattacharyya Subhes C, Palit Debajit, Sarangi Gopal K, Srivastava Vivek, Sharma Prerna
Despite significant grid expansion during the last decade, globally India has the highest number of people lacking access to electricity. Mini-grid has been suggested as a possible electrification option and the new mini-grid policy of the state of Uttar Pradesh has attracted global attention. Relatedly, the drive for grid extension restricts off-grid areas to very remote locations and enhances the risks for mini-grid projects.
Dhaka Shobhakar, Srivastava Leena, Sharma Bikash, Palit Debajit, Mainali Brijesh, Nepal Rabindra, Purohit Pallav, Goswami Anandajit, Malikyar Ghulam Mohd, Wakhley Kul Bahadur
As mentioned in earlier chapters, the HKH regions form the entirety of some countries, a major part of other countries, and a small percentage of yet others. Because of this, when we speak about meeting the energy needs of the HKH region we need to be clear that we are not necessarily talking about the countries that host the HKH, but the clearly delineated mountainous regions that form the HKH within these countries.
Pay-As-You-Go financing: A model for viable and widespread deployment of solar home systems in rural India
Yadav Prabhakar, Heynen Anthony P, Palit Debajit
Decentralised Solar Home Systems (SHSs) are established as an effective strategy to connect the ‘last mile’ without electricity access and leapfrog communities to clean energy solutions. According to the World Bank, the Pay-As-You-Go (PAYG) model has emerged as one of the effective commercially viable solutions to provide decentralised energy access to rural and remote communities in developing nations.
Sharma Reeta, Ganguly Shantanu
The education marketplace in India is changing dramatically, whether at school, university, or at advanced or professional course levels. In today's context, the need of the hour is to augment knowledge in every sphere to remain abreast of the competitive landscape. On the other hand, with the constant advent of ICT and rapid invasion of internet in the knowledge society, the online delivery models are becoming user friendly, interactive, and dynamic.
Applicability of the electrocoagulation process in treating real municipal wastewater containing pharmaceutical active compounds.
Ensanoa Benny Marie B, Boreab Laura, Naddeo Vincenzo, Belgiorno Vincenzo, Luna Mark Daniel G. de, Balakrishnan Malini, Ballesteros Jr Florencio C.
In this study, the viability of using electrocoagulation process as a method for pharmaceuticals removal from real municipal wastewater was demonstrated. Batch experimental runs were performed using a simple laboratory scale electrochemical reactor with aluminium and stainless steel as anode and cathode, respectively. Diclofenac (DCF), carbamazepine (CBZ) and amoxicillin (AMX) were selected as representative of pharmaceuticals frequently detected in the aquatic environment.
Technical analysis for preferring more efficient and green technology for thermal power generation: "Advanced-Ultra Supercritical 760°C"
Dr Shiv Kumar Dube
This paper deals with the technical analysis for preferring more "Efficient and Green” of “Advanced-Ultra Supercritical 760°C technology for power generation for achieving more savings on Efficiency, Capital Cost, O&M Cost and with reduced GHG emissions instead of preferring "710°C technology". There is an urgent need for the shifting of the focus of technology development for proposed A-USC (Advanced Ultra-Super Critical) from A-USC-710°C to A-USC-760°C for availing greener and less costly cost power generation option.
Carbon and hydrogen isotope analysis of parathion for characterizing its natural attenuation by hydrolysis at a contaminated site.
Wu Langping , Verma Dipti, Bondgaard Morten, Melvej Anja, Vogt Carsten, Subudhi Sanjukta, Richnow Hans H
The applicability of compound-specific isotope analysis (CSIA) for assessing in situ hydrolysis of parathion was investigated in a contaminated aquifer at a former pesticide wastes landfill site. Stable isotope analysis of parathion extracted from groundwater taken from different monitoring wells revealed a maximum enrichment in carbon isotope ratio of þ4.9‰ compared to the source of parathion, providing evidence that in situ hydrolysis took place.