Research Papers

Who is adapting and how? Identifying actors and roles in climate change adaptation

Bhadwal Suruchi with Multiple Authors
| 2023

An assessment of the global progress in climate change adaptation is urgently needed. Despite a rising awareness that adaptation should involve diverse societal actors and a shared sense of responsibility,little is known about the types of actors involved and their roles—particularly between state and non-state actors and different regions. Based on a large n-structured analysis of case studies, we show that, although individuals or households are the most prominent actors implementing adaptation, they are the least involved in institutional responses, particularly in the Global South.

A global assessment of actors and their roles in climate change adaptation

Bhadwal Suruchi with Multiple Authors
| 2023

An assessment of the global progress in climate change adaptation is urgently needed. Despite a rising awareness that adaptation should involve diverse societal actors and a shared sense of responsibility, little is known about the types of actors, such as state and non-state, and their roles in different types of adaptation responses as well as in different regions.

Occurrence, Source and Dietary Exposure of Toxic and Essential Elements in the Indian Food Basket

Jain Manisha, Sharma Brij Mohan, Sachdeva Sarita, Kuta Jan, Červenka Rostislav, Nizzetto Luca, Kukreti Praveen, Bharat Girija K., Chakraborty Paromita
| 2023

In this study, representative urban and peri-urban Indian food baskets have been studied for the presence of toxic and essential elements. The concentration of target toxic and essential elements was used to estimate dietary intakes (EDIs) and health risks. Across all food matrices, toxic elements like Cd and Pb were dominant.

Indigenous Knowledge in Muga Culture and Terminologies used by Muga Rearers of Lower Assam, Assam, India

Nath Premananda, Goswami Naba Kumar
| 2023

Muga culture is one of the major cottage industries in Assam and engaged a huge number of families for their livelihood. Assam is the highest producer of Muga silk in India. The sector is mostly associated with traditional practices and the muga rearers believe that muga culture is not only a source of livelihood for them but also a custom and tradition of Assam. Though the recent development and new package of practices are in place, most of the rearers are reluctant to adopt the recent techniques and associated with age old traditional thoughts and practices.

Biosurfactant: an emerging tool for the petroleum industries

Sharma Neha , Lavania Meeta , Lal Banwari
| 2023

The petroleum sector is essential to supplying the world’s energy demand, but it also involves numerous environmental problems, such as soil pollution and oil spills. The review explores biosurfactants’ potential as a new tool for the petroleum sector. Comparing biosurfactants to their chemical equivalents reveals several advantages. They are ecologically sustainable solutions since they are renewable, nontoxic, and biodegradable. Biosurfactants are used in a variety of ways in the petroleum sector.

Culture-independent assessment of the indigenous microbial diversity of Raniganj coal bed methane block, Durgapur

Chawla Mansi , Lavania Meeta , Sahu Nishi , Shekhar Sudhanshu , Singh Nimmi , More Anand , Iyer Magesh , Kumar Sanjay , Singh Komal, Lal Banwari
| 2023

It is widely acknowledged that conventional mining and extraction techniques have left many parts of the world with depleting coal reserves. A sustainable method for improving the recovery of natural gas from coalbeds involves enhancing the production of biogenic methane in coal mines.

Accelerating Water Action Agenda for Tackling Water Crisis in Urban India

Basu Avanti Roy, Sharma Brij Mohan, Sarkar S K, Bharat Girija K
| 2023

Developing countries face multiple challenges related to future uncertainties and pressures related to sustainable and resilient modes of urban water management. India with its enormous population and rapidly growing economy is severely facing issues related to water availability and management in urban areas, particularly in the megacities, which is further compounded by the effects of climate change and health emergencies like COVID-19.

Controlled release fertilizer delivery system derived from rice straw cellulose nanofibres: a circular economy based solution for sustainable development

Sharma Neha, Allardyce Benjamin James, Rajkhowa Rangam, Agrawal Ruchi
| 2023

Recently, the development of sustainable and environmentally friendly biomaterials has gained the attention of researchers as potential alternatives to petroleum-based materials. Biomaterials are a promising candidate to mitigate sustainability issues due to their renewability, biodegradability, and cost-effectiveness. Thus, the purpose of this study is to explore a cost-effective biomaterial-based delivery system for delivering fertilizers to plants. To achieve this, rice straw (agro-waste) was selected as a raw material for the extraction of cellulose.

Understanding TEK to Unravel a Unique Nestedness between Gene and Meme: A Case Study of Paudi Bhuyans of Northern Odisha

Kahlon Livleen K , Singh R.
| 2023

Traditional Ethnoecological Knowledge (TEK) is changing and diminishing with continuous change in land use, changing demographics and migration patterns. This paper elucidates plant related TEK among populations of one of the Primitive Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs) of India- Paudi Bhuyans. Populations of this tribe are now migrating downhills from their original habitation over hill tops in Keonjhar district to northern parts in Angul district, Odisha.

Circular Bioeconomy and SDGs: Proposals for the G20

Singh Mandavi , Kaushik Trinayana , Bhattacharjya Souvik , Kedia Shailly
| 2023

India is focused on recommitting the G20’s efforts to achieving the targets of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. With less than a decade left to attain the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), an informed push, supported by an enabling policy environment, innovations, and implementation, is an urgent requirement. A circular bioeconomy can contribute to attaining 53 targets in 12 of the 17 SDGs. The G20 discussions so far have focused more on the circular economy in general or the circular carbon economy.