A critical review of literature on the nexus between central grid and off-grid solutions for expanding access to electricity in Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia
Bhattacharyya S C, Palit Debajit
This paper critically examines the literature on the grid-offgrid debate and discusses the role of and the relationship between different electricity access options through a synthesis and critical reflection. This paper finds that models using greater resolution and capturing low voltage distribution infrastructure appear to recommend decentralised electricity solutions, whereas central grid extension emerges as the preferred outcome of more aggregated analysis, concentrated population clusters and for higher demand scenarios.
‘Lactobacillus sp. strain TERI-D3’, as microbial cell factory for fermentative production of lactic acid’.
Verma Dipti, Subudhi Sanjukta
This study reports for lactic acid production from different carbohydrates; monosaccharide (glucose, galactose, lactose) & disaccharides (sucrose) and from lignocellulose biomass (rice straw) by a novel strain ‘Lactobacillus sp. strain TERI-D3’. ‘TERI-D3’ strain produced 19.9, 19.4, 18.1 and 15.8 g/L of lactic acid from glucose, sucrose, lactose and galactose, respectively. Maximum lactic acid yield efficiency (0.97 g/g) was observed with glucose (>95% of the theoretical maximum yield). Lactic acid titer from glucose was 0.41 g/L.
Stakeholders and Corporate Social Responsibility: Are They Interlinked and Contributing to the Sustainable Development Goals.
Thakur Amit Kumar, Datta Manipadma
Freeman chose the word Stakeholder on the basis of the traditional term which takes only a look at the economic point of view, where the stakeholders are defined as “any group of individual who is affected by or can affect the achievement of organization’s objectives” (Freeman 1984). The paper provides detailed understanding of stakeholders, analysis of various models on stakeholders, stakeholders of CSR and its analysis, linkages between different stakeholders and its contribution to the SDG’s.
Development and Demonstration of Membrane to Control Potential Pathogen (Legionella sp.) Associated With Cooling Towers
Sharma Neha, Lavania Meeta, Lal Banwari
The presence of pathogens in industrial cooling towers has been identified as one of the causes of legionellosis, but the tangible hazard has been unrecognized. The major function of a cooling tower in the industries is to transfer heat into the environment through evaporation which leads to an unusual increment in the conductivity of water. Conductivity indicates dissolved solids of water which further facilitate the occurrence of corrosion within the cooling tower systems that may hamper the overall functioning of the cooling tower.
Sharma Anjali, Lavania Meeta, Singh Raghvendar, Lal Banwari
In the present study, a total of 80 presumed lactic acid bacteria (LAB) were isolated from camel milk. Selected LAB were identified as Lactococcus lactis (cam 12), Enterococcus lactis (cam 14) and
Kedia Shailly, Gautam Priyanka
Blue economy like green economy tries to bring to forefront the role of economic players, both state and non-state market actors, thus making it important to examine the issue from the lens of international political economy. This article defines blue economy as economic practices that seek to achieve conservation, inclusive development and sustainable use of oceans and seas as commons through poly-centric, multi-level and multi-actor interventions.
Pandey Rita, Kedia Shailly , Malhotra Anuja
World over the headlines are centered on COVID-19. The World Health Organisation (WHO) and various governments across the world see this pandemic sticking around for longer than everyone would hope for. Not a happy situation to be in (given the serious fallouts of the nature of COVID-19 management strategies on economies, employment, livelihood, health, and wellbeing of people). Yet, it demands that all stakeholders-governments, UN organisations, industry, people, civil society-to shift their strategy from reactive to proactive.
This paper details the major steps taken by the state of Gujarat in India to bring about the transformation in the rural electricity sector and provides a learning opportunity to other sector stakeholders from India and overseas. The paper attempts to unravel how did an inefficient state electric utility transform itself into one of India’s most high-performing electricity distribution companies? What are the factors that worked and what were those conditions that enabled the government to succeed in Gujarat?
Shaping the Post-COVID-19 Development Paradigm in India: Some Imperatives for Greening the Economic Recovery
Kedia Shailly, Pandey Rita, Sinha Ria
The COVID-19 pandemic has thrown many challenges for governments across the globe. Building on an initial understanding of the fallouts of the pandemic and the learning from the coping and management responses so far, this article first identifies some necessary elements and notions critical in shaping the post-pandemic development paradigm. The article also examines India’s post-COVID-19 economic package to understand the gaps and the elements we need to build further on for greening the economic recovery.
Sharma Karnamadakala Rahul, Palit Debajit
Decentralised mini-grids can support household electrification needs in remote rural communities in developing countries. Adopting a practice-oriented perspective to research, we describe our experience in implementing a decentralised solar mini-grid project in India over a period of three years. Focusing on processes, we demonstrate how technical design, organisational mandates and project contingencies coevolve with business strategies, user practices, local institutions and ecosystems.