Synthesis and swelling characteristics of chitosan and CMC grafted sodium acrylate-co-acrylamide using modified nanoclay and examining its efficacy for removal of dyes
Chitosan/carboxy methyl chitosan (CMC) grafted sodium acrylate-co-acrylamide/nanoclay superabsorbent nanocomposites have been synthesized in this study by following conventional and microwave assisted grafting methods. Microwave assisted grafting method showed higher grafting yield with enhanced reaction rate. Effect of nanoclay on water adsorption and swelling behaviour of both the composites in acidic, neutral and alkaline medium has been studied. Results showed enhanced swelling rate and water adsorption of both composites after adding 5% of silane treated nanoclay. Dye adsorption capacity of both the composites has been investigated for crystal violet, napthol green and sunset yellow dyes. It was observed that addition of 5% nanoclay enhanced the dye adsorption in both the composites. Langmuir and Freundlich isotherm models have been used to explain the dye adsorption capabilities. The chitosan and CMC nanocomposites follow both the models with R2 value more than 0.97. Both the composites showed enhanced dye adsorption with 5% nanoclay. Effect of pH on dye adsorption has also been studied in both the composites. Chitosan nanocomposites showed better performance in dye removal as compared to CMC nanocomposites. ?