Implication of composite electrode on the functioning of photo-bioelectrocatalytic fuel cell operated with heterotrophic-anoxygenic condition.
Electrode materials play a vital role in biofilm formation and electron conduction for efficient functioning of fuel cells. In the present study, graphite polymer composite electrode (GPF) was evaluated as anode for photo-bioelectrocatalytic fuel cell (PhFC; biophotovoltaic system) and compared with much studied graphite electrode (Gc) with photosynthetic bacteria as biocatalyst under anoxygenic condition. The electrogenic activity noticed in GPF (584mV; 2.67mA) was slightly lower than Gc (604mV; 2.92mA; OL2/HRT2). Consequently, COD removal observed by GPF (87.3%) was lower than Gc (91.8%). The increase in bacterial chlorophyll pigment showed a positive influence on electrogenic activity for both the electrodes. The polarization resistance (OL2 and HRT2 condition) was significantly higher for GPF (330?) as compared to Gc (110). It is interesting to note that the performance of GPF is slightly lower than Gc based PhFC. The findings have opened avenues for composite materials for PhFC.