Exploring the structural aspects and therapeutic perspectives of cyanobacterial phycobiliproteins

Patel Stuti N, Sonani Ravi R, Diya Roy, Singh Niraj Kumar, Subudhi Sanjukta, Pabbi Sunil, Madamwar Datta
3 Biotech, Vol 12:224

Phycobiliproteins (PBPs) of cyanobacteria and algae possess unique light harvesting capacity which expand the photosynthetically active region (PAR) and allow them to thrive in extreme niches where higher plants cannot. PBPs of cyanobacteria/algae vary in abundance, types, amino acid composition and in structure as a function of species and the habitat that they grow in. In the present review, the key aspects of structure, stability, and spectral properties of PBPs, and their correlation with ecological niche of cyanobacteria are discussed. Besides their role in light-harvesting, PBPs possess antioxidant, anti-aging, neuroprotective, hepatoprotective, and anti-inflammatory properties, which can be used in therapeutics. Recent developments in therapeutic applications of PBPs are reviewed with special focus on ‘route of PBPs administration’ and ‘therapeutic potential of PBP-derived peptide and chromophores’.

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