Global oil industry and the environment

16 May 2000 |
Dr R K Pachauri
| TERI Newswire VI(10)

Petronas of Malaysia was host to the Fifth Asian Oil and Gas Conference. This conference, which was opened by Malaysia's Prime Minister Dr Mahathir bin Mohamad, attracted a total of over 700 participants including the chairmen of Shell, UNOCAL, and several other companies. The global representation of organizations at this conference was a clear indicator of the interest in Asia and the hydrocarbon development taking place in the region.

Poor communities and the reforms process: partners not victims

02 May 2000 |
Dr R K Pachauri
| TERI Newswire VI(9)

Most multilateral and bilateral development organizations have recently shifted their focus to alleviation of poverty. Yet this remains an area in which several misconceptions persist. The removal of poverty is a complex challenge, which cannot be met only by directing large sums of money through government channels for standard poverty removal programmes. In its widest sense, the removal of poverty goes beyond meeting basic minimum needs to the provision of opportunities that every citizen in a society is enabled to pursue on par with those who are born to situations of privilege. Education, health care, sanitation, and provision of safe drinking water are clearly important inputs for creating a large span of opportunities such that the poor have an equal right to these similar to those in richer sections of society.

Quality improvement: a regulatory challenge?

29 Apr 2000 |
Mr S Sundar
| The Economic Times

Until recently, monopolistic provision of infrastructure services by public agencies and lack of their effective regulation invariably led, among other things, to lack of concern for quality of services. The relevant legislations did not cast any obligation on the service providers to ensure quality.

Eco-friendly growth

23 Apr 2000 |
| The Economic Times

Over 20 million Americans filled the streets and parks on 22 April 1970 celebrating the first Earth Day. This movement gained momentum and soon was instrumental in the passing of the Clean Air Act and the Clean Water Act by the US Congress. A study conducted by the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) found that Americans gained $45 for every dollar spent in controlling air pollution.

Water resource management: new approach vital

17 Apr 2000 |
Dr R K Pachauri
| TERI Newswire VI(8)

Several parts of India are currently in the grip of a severe drought, with widespread misery for several millions of people in the states of Gujarat, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, and Orissa. The country has also been experiencing record temperatures, hardly ever experienced in the month of April. President Clinton during his visit to India made it a point to remind us that the six hottest years in recorded history throughout the world occurred during the 1990s.

Against the tide: do not foreclose big dam options

11 Apr 2000 |
Dr R K Pachauri
| The Times of India

The World Water Forum held in the Hague last month attracted participants from all over the world, including government officials, international bureaucrats, water resource specialists, NGOs and corporate executives. The Indian presence was very visible on the occasion - and noticeably vocal - with activists like Medha Patkar and her recently acquired compatriot, Arundhati Roy. It is reported that much heated debate took place between a minister from Gujarat on the one hand and Medha Patkar and Arundhati Roy on the other.

Why waste the wastes?

06 Apr 2000 |
Dr R K Pachauri
| The Indian Express

With every nook and corner of the city laced, with garbage, muck and waste, there's no denying the fact that Delhi has failed miserably in managing waste disposal in an economically-viable way. Little wonder then that 8,000 metric tonnes of solid wastes, contributed by the callousness of the citizens and the authorities alike, continue to lie untreated in the city. What really makes the situation worse is that concerned agencies, namely Municipal Corporation of Delhi (MCD) and New Delhi Municipal Corporation (NDMC), have the capacity to treat only 5,000 metric tonnes of waste. This still leaves us grappling with a grim reality of 3,000 metric tonnes of untreated wastes per day.

Harnessing the power of information technology for sustainable development: challenges ahead

02 Apr 2000 |
Dr R K Pachauri
| TERI Newswire VI(7)

The stock market in New York has, in the past few days, exhibited several unexpected changes which have had a worldwide impact in the stock exchanges in major countries. In India too, technology stocks have reflected the changes in the NASDAQ index in New York.

Clear the air: unprepared India and pushy US jeopardise an initiative on climate change

28 Mar 2000 |
Dr R K Pachauri
| India Today

President Bill Clinton's visit may see a joint statement with Prime Minister A B Vajpayee in two key areas: climate change and renewable energy. Clearly, the threat of climate change requires solid understanding and partnership between countries of the north and south. Given the fact that the US has historically been, and is, the largest contributor of emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs), its actions to limit these emissions are of considerable importance. India is important as it is a leading voice among the Group of 77, which has taken fairly uniform positions in negotiations on climate change.

Restructuring Indo-US relations: urgent action essential

17 Mar 2000 |
Dr R K Pachauri
| TERI Newswire VI(6)

President Clinton's visit to India is being seen by several observers as a watershed in Indo-US relations. The political implications of the visit apart, what does have a great deal of significance for India in particular is the prospect of a much stronger economic content in the relationship between the two countries. While there were very few heavyweight industry leaders in President Clinton's delegation, this should not be seen as a significant omission, given the fact in the past few years several major US companies have established a major presence in India, particularly in the field of information technology. President Clinton's own assessment of the dynamism of Indian society and the strength of the country's democratic institutions would provide a very powerful feedback to the captains of industry and political leaders in the US.