Parched India needs to produce water neutral thermal electricity
With a total installed capacity of 226 GW, thermal power plants in India produce about two thirds of the electricity. These plants consume about 14 to 16 million cubic metres of water per day. India's per capita water availability is less than 1700 m3, making the country already water stressed. An increase in water consumption for electricity generation limits water availability for other consumers in agriculture and domestic sectors. As India would continue to rely mostly on coal-based electricity generation until 2030, water use efficiency in thermal power plants is the need of the hour.
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With an approach to achieving water neutrality in thermal power plants (TPPs), here’s how India can maintain the equilibrium of water-energy nexus.