While, globally, it is the loss of forests that is a major issue, in India it is forest degradation that remains the biggest challenge. Our work focuses on promoting sustainable forest management, providing practical solutions towards generating finance through carbon trading from forests, and supporting the livelihood of forest dependent communities. We also work towards engaging communities for biodiversity conservation and mitigation of human-wildlife conflict through policy and scientific measures.



  • forest wood

    Case Study

    Modeling the Economics of Grassland Degradation in Banni, India, using System Dynamics

    Unless Banni is cleared of its invasive plant, Asia's once-finest grassland will continue to incur high economic losses

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  • village-community


    Nagaland uninterrupted

    Civil society conservation groups receive special recognition at Government of India-UNDP India Biodiversity Awards 2018

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  • nagaland hunter

    Project Report

    Documenting the biodiversity of flora and fauna of a North Goa island

    A peek into how the local people connect with the flora and fauna in the largest estuarine island of Goa

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  • nagaland biodiversity


    A People's Biodiversity Register of a village
    in Nagaland

    The Community Conserved Areas are going a step beyond by documenting the rich ecological knowledge of the state

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  • Case Study

    Losing the benefits of forests to degradation?

    The study examines the value of Uttarakhand's forests to local communities and to tourists

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Losing the benefits of forests to degradation?

Dr Pia Sethi
Ms Vidhu Kapur
Dr Sukanya Das
Mr Balwant Singh Negi

The study examines the value of Uttarakhand's forests to local communities and to tourists

Nagaland uninterrupted

Dr Pia Sethi

Civil society conservation groups receive special recognition at Government of India-UNDP India Biodiversity Awards 2018

Modeling the Economics of Grassland Degradation in Banni, India

Mr Mihir Mathur
Mr Kabir Sharma

Banni grasslands was once the finest tropical grassland in Asia, but with the encroachment of the landscape by Prosopis juliflora has rendered the region unsuitable for several of its activities such as cattle rearing that has hit the livelihood of its people.


Bamboo: A Change Agent for Livelihood and Climate Change

May 6, 2015
to May 6, 2015

TERI (The Energy and Resources Institute), the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change (MoEFCC), GoI and Madhya Pradesh State Bamboo Mission (MP SBM) organized a side event on "Bamboo: A Change Agent for Livelihood and Climate Change" at United Nations Head Quarter (UNHQ), New York on May 6, 2015. The event focused on "bamboo" as a change agent. In the coming years, bamboo is well placed to address four major global challenges, i.e. shelter security, livelihood security, ecological security, and food security.


Dream of a sustainable India

April 12, 2018 |
April 12, 2018
The Pioneer

To make Green India Mission successful, the Government must adopt a reformist approach and integrate its working with the overall developmental perspective of the country. Forest type reassessment of 2013 by ICFRE has clearly indicated that most forests are losing soil moisture and hydrology is getting severely affected which is having a direct impact on our agriculture, water availability and rain fed rivers.

Forest rights and wrongs

March 28, 2018 |
March 28, 2018
The Indian Express

In 2014, TERI cautioned that the wrong recognition of rights under the Scheduled Tribe and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights Act, 2006 (FRA) would leave forest-dependent people vulnerable to adverse impacts of greenhouse gas emissions. Indeed, the wrong recognition of individual forest rights (IFR) under the FRA has made a large chunk of the country's tribal population participants in a climate change disaster. Forests conserve and provide water for humans, cattle, agriculture and industry.

ICFRE and TERI sign MoU for research on forest

October 18, 2017 |
January 11, 2018
The Times of India

A memorandum of understanding has been signed between the Indian Council of Forestry Research and Education (ICFRE), an autonomous council under the environment ministry, and TERI for collaborative research. Both the institutions will collaborate in the areas of forestry and environmental research, land degradation, forest biodiversity, forest biotechnology, forest economics, resource mapping, climate change, policy research and capacity building for a period of 10 years. They will support each other to attain sustainable forest management through various projects across the country.


Minimum Support Price of Minor Forest Produce (MFP) and Its Sustainable Harvest: A Social Safety Measure for MFP Collectors in India

February 15, 2018

Forests in India are treated primarily as social and environmental resource, and only secondarily, as commercial resource. More than 300 million people derive full or partial livelihood and sustenance need from forests. Many a times, communities are compelled to harvest forest produce unsustainably due to lack of adequate finance to meet their day to day life supporting needs. With such large population dependent on forest resources, the minor forest produce (MFP) sector is India’s largest unorganized sector.

Persistent organic pollutants in Indian environment: a wake-up call for concerted action

January 11, 2018

India has a comprehensive apparatus of environmental laws. However, the lack of an integrated approach to the regulation of chemicals, poor management of pollution, and the fundamentally retrospective vision have resulted in ineffective implementation of the laws as demonstrated by the example of Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) in the environment.


Carbon sequestration potential and biodiversity assessment

We undertake study for companies to estimate the carbon sink and other co-benefits including the biodiversity conservation from the plantation activities carried out in and around the companies premises.

Capacity building for management of natural resources

We undertake work on various institutional issues relating to participatory forest management, and have major interests in the study of forest-based livelihoods and benefit-sharing at the community level.


Area Convenor, Centre for Biodiversity & Ecosystem Services
Area Convenor, Centre for Forest Mgmt. & Governance
Director, Forestry & Biodiversity