As India heads towards an ever deepening water crisis, we seek to create efficient solutions for managing water resources. These include various initiatives to promote water conservation on the one hand, and on the other, to improve water use efficiency in industrial, domestic and agriculture sectors. To achieve our goal of ensuring long term sustainability of water resources, we focus keenly on policy interventions as well as developing the knowledge and capabilities of all our stakeholders.



  • water smart


    India's rampant urban water issues and challenges

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    A resilient planet needs water cooperation

    Why we need water-tight frameworks to resolve disputes

    Read More
  • sustainable irrigation


    How safe is the water that is supplied in our homes?

    Understanding groundwater contamination in India

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  • water electricity

    Policy Brief

    Water neutral electricity production in India

    Power plants are reported to be accounting for 87.8% of total industrial water consumption in the country

    Read More
    water video rajasthan


    When every drop counts

    An inspiring story of how Barmer revived rainwater harvesting to give livelihood and drinking water security to poor families





India's rampant urban water issues and challenges

Mr Qazi Syed Wamiq Ali
Mr Nathaniel B Dkhar

The consistent increase in the rate of growth of India's population has also led to the increase in demand for water, particularly in the urban areas where the rate of increase is highler compared to rural areas.

How safe is the water that is supplied in our homes?

Mr Anshuman

Understanding groundwater contamination in India - Conversation with Anshuman, Associate Director, Water Resources, TERI

Water-food-energy nexus in India

Ms Prakriti Prajapati

In these times of agriculture crisis and falling water tables, it is important to rework policies to better address key challenges in the irrigation-power space

Quenching the thirst - Success stories of Project FLOW

Ms Taru Mehta

The Bharti Airtel-TERI initiative provides safe drinking water access and raises awareness on water and sanitation in schools

RCC check dams boost farmer incomes

Farmers in Jhapusabari Pt. III village in Dhubri district of Assam faced dual problems of flooding and water scarcity. Their fields were rainfed but with no infrastructure to regulate the flow of rainwater, their crops would first be flooded with water, and then suffer from water scarcity as the rainwater would drain out quickly. Both these situations were damaging to the crops, hence reducing productivity and consequently incomes.


India Water Forum 2019

March 5, 2019
to March 6, 2019

The Energy and Resources Institute in association with the Ministry of Water Resources River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation, Government of India, is organizing the 4th India Water Forum (IWF), with the theme "Water for All: Options for Safe, Sustainable and Resilient Future".

World Sustainable Development Summit 2019

February 11, 2019
to February 13, 2019

WSDS is India's imprint to the global sustainability footprint. WSDS now strives to provide long-term solutions for the benefit of the global community by assembling the world's most enlightened leaders and thinkers on a single platform.

Chennai Regional Dialogue on 'Clean Oceans'

December 7, 2018
to December 7, 2018

TERI in collaboration with the Ministry of Earth Sciences, will be holding national level discussions on the theme of 'Clean Oceans' at the Chennai Regional Dialogue which will be held as a pre-event in the run up to the World Sustainable Development Summit (WSDS), 2019.

Pravah....go with the FLOW

October 9, 2018
to October 31, 2018

The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) in collaboration with Bharti Infratel has implemented Project FLOW since 2015. FLOW is an acronym which stands for Facilitating Learning on WASH. It aims to translate awareness and knowledge into action by educating school children and youth on Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) issues.

Webinar on 'Circular Economy An Opportunity for Indian Businesses'

August 14, 2018
to August 14, 2018

TERI Council for Business Sustainability (CBS) is delighted to host the Fifth webinar in the series of 'Thought Leadership Webinar' for Indian companies and businesses.

TERI-ITEC Courses 2017-18: Course VIII - Integrated approach towards sustainable development

March 12, 2018
to March 29, 2018


TERI is empanelled by the Indian Technical and Economic Cooperation (ITEC), Government of India, for this programme. Under the TERI-ITEC programme, eight courses are being offered for the year 2017-18.


River linking is no smooth-sailing exercise

January 18, 2019
| Dr Syamal Kumar Sarkar
| The Hindu Business Line

The river system is a major source of irrigation, provides potable water and cheap transportation, helps in electricity generation, and is a source of livelihood for the people. To ensure optimal utilisation of river water, one of the options is to divert water of surplus river basins to the deficit ones. There are several challenges in implementation of inter-basin water transfer projects.

Towards a clean Ganga

December 30, 2018
| Dr Syamal Kumar Sarkar
| The Statesman

The Constitution of India mandates the central and state governments to provide both clean and decent environment and clean drinking water for the people (Article 48A, Art. 51 (A) (g), Article 21). The Supreme Court has also declared that the right to a decent and clean environment is a fundamental right. The Ganga Action Plan of the 1980s and currently the Namami Gange programme with a Rs 20,000-crore outlay during 2015-2020 have set in motion many river cleaning activities, but their positive outcome is nowhere in sight.

Improving water management in States

October 12, 2018
| Dr Syamal Kumar Sarkar
| The Hindu Business Line

India's water sector has entered a stressed phase, and is likely to move into scarcity mode in the near future. It is projected that the country’s water demand by 2030 will be twice the available supply, implying severe water scarcity for hundreds of millions of people and an eventual loss of about 6 per cent of the country’s gross domestic product.

Firming up principles of water sharing

July 24, 2018
| Dr Syamal Kumar Sarkar
| The Hindu Business Line

The apex court guidelines are important tools in resolving water allocation to various States, and the policy-makers, tribunals or water managers can effectively use them. The February 16, 2018, judgment of the Supreme Court relating to Cauvery water dispute is a landmark one in the context of water resource management, especially in resolving any water-sharing dispute. The judgment is the culmination of a long-drawn litigation against the Cauvery Tribunal award 2007 by States such as Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Kerala and Puducherry.

Big worry

June 22, 2018
| Mr Nitya Nanda
| The Telegraph

According to the West Bengal Pollution Control Board, in more than half of the blocks of Bengal, the water level is falling by 20 centimetres a year on average. In tandem, arsenic and fluoride contamination is also increasing. In rural areas, drinking water supply is largely dependent on non-electrified tube wells. Many such tube wells have already failed, while many of them are yielding contaminated water, creating a drinking water crisis. The falling water table has also led to the drying up of many water bodies, with a serious impact on local flora, fauna and the ecology.

Alternate solutions to our water woes

March 23, 2018
| Dr Syamal Kumar Sarkar
| The Statesman

In India, over 76 million people lack access to safe water, the population living in peri-urban areas, etc. The available water is not always safe and is contaminated. To augment the safe water availability, not only should the water be of potable quality, but the sources of supply have to be enhanced. Unlike conventional water supply through piped water, use of drinking water ponds in some rural coastal areas, or developing integrated tanks including revival of surface water ponds are examples of natural measures for augmenting the sources.


Aligning India's water resource policies with the SDGs

November 6, 2018

The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, adopted by all United Nations Member States in 2015, provides a shared blueprint for peace and prosperity for people and the planet, now and into the future. At its heart are the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), which are an urgent call for action by all countries. The SDGs recognize that ending poverty and other deprivations must go hand-in-hand with strategies that improve health and education, reduce inequality, and spur economic growth – all while tackling climate change.

Water Neutral Electricity Production in India: Avoiding the Unmanageable

December 14, 2016

Water scarcity has the potential to impact the financial viability of thermal power plants by affecting the project’s rate of return. This could be due to delays in project execution leading to cost escalation and revenue losses, as well as due to affects during the operating life of the project. During operations, any drop in plant load factor may reduce the revenues.

Discussion Paper : Perspectives on a Water Resource Policy for India

October 30, 2014

India sustains nearly 17 per cent of the world's population but is endowed with just four per cent of global water resources. About 50 per cent of annual precipitation is received in just about 15 days in a year, which is not being brought to productive use due to limited storage capacity of 36 per cent of utilizable resources (252 BCM out of 690 BCM). Leakage and inefficiencies in the water supply system waste nearly 50 per cent of usable water. The ground water level is declining at the rate of 10 cm per year. Over 70 per cent of surface water and ground water resources are contaminated.

Enhancing water-use efficiency of thermal power plants in India: need for mandatory water audits

December 24, 2012

This policy brief discusses the challenges of water availability and opportunity to improve the water use efficiency in industries specially the thermal power plants. It presents TERI’s experience from comprehensive water audits conducted for thermal power plants in India. The findings indicate that there is a significant scope for saving water in the waste water discharge, cooling towers, ash handling systems, and the township water supply.


Multidisciplinary research on natural resource conservation

We conduct water audits and quality testing that typically include: Estimation of building water use; recommendations of water saving fixtures; estimation of landscape water demand based on input on the soft areas, plant species factors, and the climatic factors; estimation of rainwater harvesting potential and recommendations on the reuse and recycling of treated waste water and rainwater, and appropriate waste-water management schemes and systems.


Associate Director, Water Resources
Area Convenor, Water Resources Policy & Management
Area Convenor, Centre for Himalayan Ecology