India's waste management crisis has serious implications for its environment, economy and public health. We focus on creating technologies and solutions that minimize waste generation and convert all waste into useful products. This includes initiatives to promote a circular economy through resource efficient and cleaner production in industries, and maximize resource recovery and recycling for landfill-free cities.



  • oilzapper


    Policy Brief

    Maximising Resource Efficiency and Circularity in the Electrical and Electronic Equipment Value Chain and the E-Waste Sector

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  • energy access



    Refurbishing Plastic for Climate Action: Finding Value in 'Waste'

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  • micro credit


    WasteMAP Workshop on 'Key Strategies for Organic Waste Management'

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  • rural-energy

    Policy Brief

    Internationalizing Lifestyles For Environment: Messages For G20

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  • plenary landfill


    Creating awareness among school children for leveraging the use of treated wastewater in India

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Waste to wonder: zinc mining waste can be source for magic plant-nutrients

Urbanization and industrialization have placed a heavy load on the environment by generating billion tons of harmful garbage every year. A study by TERI found India, in a year, produces over 62 million tons (MT) of waste, making it a leading cause of environmental and public health concerns in the country.

Towards a Circular Plastics Economy: India’s Actions to #BeatPlasticPollution

Dr Girija K Bharat

World Environment Day 2023 serves as an important reminder that the actions we take to mitigate plastic pollution have a significant impact. Now, more than ever, we must intensify these efforts and swiftly transition to a circular economy. Avanti Roy-Basu and Girija K Bharat say that as the world celebrates World Environment Day in 2023, focusing on “solutions to plastic pollution under the campaign #BeatPlasticPollution”, it is crucial to understand that each one of us has multiple roles to play in addressing this global crisis.

Microbeads: A Brewing Environmental Concern

Mr Kaushik Chandrasekhar

The prevalence of microplastics in the environment has become a major global concern. Plastics based on their size are broadly classified as Macro and Microplastics (<5 mm) and enter the environment through various routes.

A link towards integrating informal sector may complete the EPR mechanism

Mr Kaushik Chandrasekhar
Dr Suneel Pandey

India generates close to 3.46 million tonnes of plastic waste annually and CPCB estimates suggest close to 60% of this waste is recycled.

नए प्लास्टिक नियमों के ठोस निष्पादन से हो सकता है कचरा प्रबंधन में सुधार

Mr Kaushik Chandrasekhar

सरकार की इतनी बड़ी मात्रा में जमा हो रहे कचरे से निपटने की प्रतिबद्धता का पता प्लास्टिक अपशिष्ट प्रबंधन नियम 2016 से चलता है जिसमें सरकार ने अगस्त 2021 में तीसरी बार संशोधन किया है। अगस्त 2021 में भारत सरकार द्वारा किए गए संशोधन से यह पता लगता है कि भारत इस मुद्दे का समाधान खोजने के लिए नए-नए प्रयास कर रहा है। हालांकि इस मामले में राजनीतिक सहमति के साथ-साथ नीतिगत हस्तक्षेपों के नतीजे सकारात्मक रहे हैं, लेकिन नीतियों का जमीनी स्तर पर निष्पादन अब भी एक बड़ी चुनौती बना हुआ है।


Book Release: TERI Energy & Environment Data Diary and Yearbook (TEDDY) 2022-23

January 23, 2024
to January 23, 2024

TERI Energy & Environment Data Diary and Yearbook (TEDDY) is an annual publication brought out by The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) since 1986. TEDDY presents latest information on energy supply sectors (coal and lignite, petroleum and natural gas, power and renewable energy sources), energy demand sectors (agriculture, industry, transport, residential, and commercial sectors), and environment (local and global). It seeks to support policy research and decision-making by providing policymakers and researchers with the data which can be used to develop actionable solutions.

Webinar on “Achieving Sustainable Waste Management: Circular Economy Approach”

May 24, 2023
to May 24, 2023

24 May 2023 | 14:30 hrs to 16:30 hrs

INOPOL Final Dissemination Event

October 17, 2022
to October 17, 2022

On 17th October 2022 | 10:30 AM - 02:00 PM

Webinar on Plastic Waste Management and impact on Human Health

October 8, 2021
to October 8, 2021

The interactive webinar aims to expand on the issue of plastic waste management and its impact on human health.

Webinar Series on Waste-Derived Nanomaterials: Part-I Industrial Wastes to Nano-commodities: Status, Impact and Future Prospects

October 7, 2021
to October 7, 2021

The webinar aims at highlighting various leads being taken to derive nano-materials from different waste resources via a 'Circular Economy' model.

On 7 October 2021, 02:00 PM to 4:30 PM IST


New govt in place, TERI comes up with 100-day environment agenda

June 16, 2024 |
June 17, 2024
The Times of India

TERI has put forward a 100-day green agenda for central govt. The 10-point plan covers a range of crucial environmental issues, aiming to steer towards a sustainable future.

Trash it right: we must transform waste management

May 8, 2024 |
May 8, 2024

A report by The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) states that India generates over 62 million tonnes of waste in a year. Of this, only 43 million tonnes of total waste generated gets collected, 12 million tonnes is treated before disposal and the rest is simply discarded in waste yards.

A Plastic-Free Future – Is it a Dream or Reality?

April 22, 2024 |
April 26, 2024
My City Links

When it comes to conducting research on different issues on the sustainability front, The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) in New Delhi has been a guiding light for different stakeholders in the field. As of 2024, TERI is into its 50th year of research on sustainability issues impacting the unserved population through applied research innovations and solutions. Dr Suneel Pandey is working with The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) as Director of Circular Economy and Waste Management Division.

Where is your waste going, ever wondered?

March 30, 2024
| Dr Surbhi Tak
| The Financial Express

Besides the sanitation aspect, treated wastewater also holds economic value, says Dr Surbhi Tak, Associate Fellow, Circular Economy & Waste Management Division, TERI.

International Day of Zero Waste 2024: 'Encouraging Zero-Waste Efforts'

March 29, 2024 |
March 29, 2024
ETV Bharat

The International Day of Zero Waste emphasises the critical need to bolster waste management globally and the importance of sustainable production and consumption practices. The Union Ministry for Environment, Forests and Climate Change (UMCD) is responsible for waste management in India. India's waste management regulations are predicated on the concepts of "polluter pays," "sustainable development," and "precaution." According to TERI (The Energy and Resources Institute), every year India produces 62 million tonnes of garbage.

Centre issues guidelines on solid waste management in aquaculture units

March 20, 2024 |
March 20, 2024
Business Standard

The Centre has introduced new guidelines for solid waste management in coastal aquaculture units to promote sustainable practices in the aquaculture sector. These instructions delineate protocols spanning from waste handling to prohibiting its burning. According to a report by The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI), India produces over 62 million tonnes (MT) of waste in a year. Only 43 MT of the total generated waste gets collected, with 12 MT being treated before disposal, and the remaining 31 MT discarded in waste yards.


Plastic Waste Management: Turning Challenges into Opportunities

December 2, 2020

Plastics not only are enduring, lightweight, and available at low prices, but also have very good thermal and electrical insulation properties. The versatile properties of various plastic polymers— being water-resistant, non-porous, ductile and malleable—make them suitable for manufacturing a wide range of products that also bring medical and technological advances in our modern society.

G20 Circular Carbon Economy: Fostering Circularity in Plastics

October 27, 2020

Fostering circularity in plastic use is an effective way to reduce contamination of marine and coastal environments with plastics and man-made debris. However, there are many challenges down this path.

Nutrient pollution in the South Asia Seas (SAS)

December 3, 2019

Anthropogenic activities like (i) agriculture fertilisers, (ii) coastal pisciculture, (i) sewage discharge, (iv) industrial activity, (v) burning fossil fuels and (vi) effluents from ports increase nutrients in surface water and seas. Nitrate pollution is largely caused by agriculture run-off, discharge from industry and manure or sewage. Phosphate pollution is tied to improper treatment of detergents in wastewater and from agro-fertilisers.

Discussion Paper on Faecal Sludge Management in Urban India: Policies, Practices, and Possibilities

December 9, 2016

Urban Sanitation and Need for Faecal Sludge Management (FSM) in India The Government of India has undertaken an ambitious social change endeavour of clean and open defecation free (ODF) India. Sustained efforts in this direction has improved the sanitation scenario in India, which in turn would help in achieving the United Nations' Sustainable Development Goal 6 of universal and equitable access to safe and aff ordable drinking water and adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all.


Director, Circular Economy and Waste Management
Associate Director, Circular Economy and Waste Management
Area Convenor, Bio-Waste Technologies
Area Convenor, Centre for Waste Management