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Purification and characterization of exopolysaccharide bioflocculant produced by heavy metal resistant Achromobacter xylosoxidans

Subudhi Sanjukta,Bishta Varsha, Batta Neha, Pathak Mihirjyoti, Devi Arundhuti, Lal Banwari , 2016

Carbohydrate Polymers, 137 (2016) 441–451

Abstract

Optimization of process parameters enhanced bioflocculating activity of 'Achromobacter xylosoxidans strain TERI L1' from 75% to 83.3% in absence of heavy metals, which decreased to 73% in presence of multi-metals. 'TERI L1' could adsorb 90% of multi-metals when grown in presence of 1250 mg L(-1) Zn, 2 mg L(-1) Cd, 30 mg L(-1) Pb, 200 mg L(-1) Ni and 90 mg L(-1) Cu and could adsorb 1100 mg L(-1) of Pb when grown in presence of 1500 ppm lead nitrate. The bioflocculant was purified and characterized. Bioflocculant yield was 5 g L(-1). Fourier transform infrared spectrum indicated presence of carboxyl, hydroxyl, amino groups, typical of glycoprotein. Spectroscopic analysis of bioflocculant by nuclear magnetic resonance revealed that it is a glycoprotein. LC-MS analysis confirmed the bioflocculant as a carbohydrate hetero polymer. Bioflocculant was composed of 75% total sugar with 72.9% neutral sugar and 11.5% protein. Scanning Electron Micrography revealed effective flocculation of kaolin clay by purified exopolysaccharide bioflocculant. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Keyword(s)

Achromobacter xylosoxidans; Bioflocculant; Biopolymer; Exopolysaccharide; FTIR and NMR; Flocculation; Heavy metals; LC–MS and SEM