Energy Access

Despite the rapid developments in clean energy solutions, 1.1 billion people around the world still live without access to any form of electricity. We work on initiatives that use sustainable energy as a catalyst for socio-economic development of rural communities in a gender-inclusive manner. Innovations in technological solutions, business models, partnerships, and knowledge generation remain the cornerstones of our action-research.



  • lighting billion lives


    Lighting homes and futures

    The story of rural women entrepreneurs exemplifies the multi-faceted impacts of clean energy initiatives such as LaBL

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  • micro grid installation

    Project Report

    Opportunities for transition to clean household energy: Application of the Household Energy Assessment Rapid Tool (HEART)

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  • micro credit

    Issue Brief

    Assessing climate risks to India's oil and gas sector

    A shift to renewables and infrastructure vulnerability to extreme climactic events are among the challenges the sector faces

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  • micro credit


    Transcending the challenges: Provisioning universal access to electricity

    Bridging the electricity access gap has necessitated innovation in many aspects

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  • energy access


    Boosting consumer confidence in solar lighting with a million+ solar LEDs

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Boosting consumer confidence in solar lighting with a million+ solar LEDs

Mr Martand Shardul
Mr Debajit Palit

Much before urban India, the country's rural population had endorsed LED-based solar lighting. Initiatives such as LaBL share the credit of boosting consumer confidence in such products.

Transcending the challenges: Provisioning universal access to electricity

Mr Martand Shardul
Mr Debajit Palit

Bridging the electricity access gap has necessitated innovation in terms of product design, business models, service delivery systems, tariffs, financial instruments, and capacity building strategies

The women of Ujjwala

Evaluating the Ujjwala scheme through the lens of women empowerment and gender equality


Regional workshop on gender and energy

October 12, 2018
to October 12, 2018

The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) organised a regional workshop on Gender and Energy titled 'What drives the switch to modern energy?: Linkages and gender implications' in Raipur, Chhattisgarh on 12 October 2018.

Conference on accelerating rural development through enhancing energy access

July 17, 2018
to July 17, 2018

The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI), India, in collaboration with its partners, is hosting a regional conference on 'Accelerating Rural Development through Energy Access' in Patna on July 17 with the objective of sharing experiences around various interventions in the area of energy access with a view to scale them up in the state of Bihar.

Gender and Energy Workshop: Energy Access and Women's Changing Social Positions

May 22, 2018
to May 22, 2018

TERI is hosting a workshop on 'Gender and Energy: Energy Access and Women's Changing Social Position' in Bengaluru under the aegis of Gender and Energy Network India (GENI), to promote the exchange of ideas and collaboration on the theme of gender inclusion in sustainable energy access.


We should run our kitchens on electricity

October 12, 2018
| Mr Ajay Shankar
| The Hindu Business Line

India has, in just over a decade, achieved extraordinary success in extending electricity access through its national programme. About 1,25,000 villages have been electrified and 500 million people have got access to electricity. Village electrification has been completed. Household electrification under the Saubhagya scheme is expected to be completed by 2020, if not earlier.

Four Ps to power energy access

August 29, 2018
| Mr Amit Kumar
| Financial Express

While digital divide has become a common topic, discourse on universal energy access is still limited to practitioners and policy-makers, besides those who are at the receiving end. Unfortunately, access to clean energy-or the lack of it-has wide-ranging ramifications-from health to quality of life to education to lost opportunities for livelihood enhancements. India has made strides insofar as rural electrification and clean cooking energy is concerned, through programmes like Ujjwala, Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Gram Jyoti Yojana and Saubhagya.

Supplementing the grid with solar to make 'Power for All' a reality in rural India

August 7, 2018
| Mr Debajit Palit
| ET Energy World

The Union government launched the Saubhagya scheme in September 2017 to connect 40 million unelectrified households by March 2019. While the date is ambitious as such large-scale implementation will also face a number of challenges, Saubhagya should be credited with tackling many of the shortcomings of previous electrification programmes. The scheme has made provision for micro-lending for above poverty line households to meet connection costs, use of distributed solar for grid-inaccessible households, and expanding the scope of subsidy to cover wider beneficiary groups.


Kerosene to solar PV subsidy swap: The business case for redirecting subsidy expenditure from kerosene to off-grid solar

August 21, 2018

An exploration of the idea of gradually moving from subsidies on kerosene to investing in off-grid solar technologies for marginalised households

Charging Power - Understanding Electricity Pricing and the Willingness to Pay for Electricity in India

February 15, 2017

The issue of energy access and the associated willingness to pay for energy services has been extensively researched and studied globally as well as in India. To provide useful recommendations for future electricity-pricing debates, this study undertook a comprehensive literature review and stakeholder interviews to examine and quantify the existing evidence on the Willingness to Pay (WTP) for electricity supply in India. It compared these findings with the current electricity-pricing mechanisms to derive recommendations on future electricity pricing and subsidy policies.

Solar PV for Enhancing Electricity Access in Kenya: What Policies are Required?

July 1, 2015

Modern energy services are crucial to human well-being and to a country's economic development; and yet globally over 1.3 billion people are without access to electricity and 2.6 billion people are without clean cooking facilities. More than 95 per cent of these people are either in Sub-Saharan African or developing Asia and 84 per cent are in rural areas (International Energy Agency, 2015).


CSR engagements to provide clean energy solutions

We customize and disseminate clean technologies to facilitate the energy starved population in benefitting from clean and affordable solar lighting solutions. This is done by replacing kerosene/paraffin lanterns with solar lighting devices, thereby facilitating the provision of better illumination, and a kerosene smoke-free indoor environment for women.

Impact evaluation of CSR intiatives

We help prepare impact evaluation reports of the CSR initiatives for communities.


Director, Rural Energy and Livelihoods
Area Convenor, Centre for Rural Action
Area Convenor, Cent. for Impact, Eval & Energy Access, Bang
Area Convenor, Cent. for Impact,Eval & Energy Access, Delhi
Senior Director, Social Transformation