Page 7 - Breathing Cleaner Air - Ten Scalable Solutions for Indian Cities
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3 Clean Air Mission for India - Ten Solutions

can help reduce the power sector’s overall emissions of lead to a significant reduction in ozone concentrations,
PM2.5, NOx, and SO2, compared to its current coal-based as methane is an ozone precursor.
power generation. Similarly, improving the energy
efficiency of room air conditioning units can sufficiently These ten solutions also require a combination of new
reduce energy demand to avoid the need for 60–140 policies off-the-shelf available existing technologies,
medium-sized peak power plants in India by 2030 (Shah new technologies (Table 1), behavioural changes, most
et al., 2015a). This would mitigate climate change by of all cooperation among a myriad of agencies and
preventing nearly 100 Gt CO2 by 2050 globally. Similarly, ministries. It is a very complex problem but there are
reducing fugitive methane emissions from landfills, many successful living laboratories in the world which
manure, and gas pipes is important as methane is 25 gives us confidence that the solutions listed in this report
times more potent greenhouse gas than CO2; this will also will have a major impact on reducing the toxins that enter
the lungs of the men, women, and children of India.

Table 1: Key Technologies for CAM-INDIA

Sector Sub-sector Technology

Transport Vehicles Diesel particulate filters; selective catalytic reduction; exhaust gas recirculation;
Industries and power plants on-board diagnostics for inspection and maintenance; high energy density
Residential Fuel batteries and technologies for electric vehicles
control Hydro-desulfurization at refineries
improvement Electrostatic precipitators; bag filters, cyclones; flue gas desulphurization; wet
Stove scrubbers; selective catalytic reduction

bLoriwckNmOax nbuufrancetrusr;inegfficteiecnhtnsoulopgery critical combustion technologies; advanced
kilns) (vertical shaft kilns, hoffman kilns, tunnel

Tier-4 cook stoves with higher thermal efficiencies (50% or more) and emissions
conforming to WHO guidelines

Open burning of agricultural Fuels Lighting Processed biomass for high efficiency combustion; replace kerosene with LEDs
residues powered by solar
Waste management Agri. residues Biomass gasifiers

Waste Methane recovery at landfills and sewage treatment plants;
Live stocks Anaerobic digesters and methane recovery in livestock farms
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