Traditional agriculture for sustainable development: a Satoyama approach

01 Apr 2021

Traditional agriculture pertaining to shifting cultivation (locally known as Jhum cultivation) is being practiced in Northeast India including Nagaland since time immemorial. However, with modernization and changing Naga society, this tradition is currently in transition and hence it becomes imperative to understand the role of shifting cultivation for sustainable development in present context.

Hence, TERI is implementing a three-year project titled “A Tradition in Transition: Understanding the Role of Shifting Cultivation for Sustainable Development in Northeast India” supported by Japan Fund for Global Environment of the Environmental Restoration & Conservation Agency (JFGE). Through this project, we intend to compile the traditional practices and wisdom associated with this form of traditional agriculture and make a strong case that Jhum cultivation if practiced traditionally (with longer jhum cycles) is a fine example of how a production system can be adapted to an ecological niche.

The three main components of the project are: 1) the production of an edited academic volume on traditional farming for sustainable development in North-East India; 2) compilation of knowledge in Nagaland and elsewhere in India; and 3) knowledge exchange with other regions. These components are inter-related sets of activities that compliment each other.


Traditional Farming
Agricultural communities
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