Population, consumption, and environment: a tourist
for MacArthur Foundation,
|Study villages in the state of Goa
Click on the image to enlarge
This study examined the inter-relations between population,
consumption and the environment, using coastal tourism as a prism. It studied the
influence of tourism induced migration on coastal ecosystems of selected villages of Goa.
Tourism induced migration was categorized into temporary migrants (tourists) and permanent
migrants (workers). The coastal ecosystems under consideration were sand dunes, mangroves,
and khazan lands. The study covered 5 villages in Goa. It had four main research
How are population movements in a tourism area responsible for ecosystem changes
in the coastal belt?
What are the socio-cultural and institutional factors that underlie
these ecosystem changes?
What are the possible policy interventions?
What lessons does the study have for other developing regions where
the tourism industry is still in its infancy or being considered as a development option?
The study addresses the above four research questions
through an integrated approach comprising three components statistical, spatial, and
The study suggested the following:
It is not the numbers of tourists, but the quantity and type of
resources used to service the needs of the tourists that brings about changes in coastal
High budget tourists consume more land than the mixed and low budget
tourists and hence land use and land cover changes are more.
Out migration and host population are also responsible for land use
and cover change along with in-migrants
Laws, especially those relating to agriculture, communidades
and coastal regulation Act of 1991 have contributed towards land Use change
Mature tourist destinations reveal a greater awareness and concern
for the environment, especially among the youth , than other tourist destinations.
Tourism is an important driver for land use and land cover change
(a) It provides the opportunity to alienate land profitability
(b)It also creates a dissociation between production and consumption of
The changes brought in by the needs of the tourist and the
pressures of globalisation for providing the tourist with what she/he expects, results in
a dilution and erosion of the local communities sustainable use of coastal
WWF Information kit, WWF-India, Goa Division
and the International Institute of Rural Reconstruction 1994.
Khazan land agro-ecosystem
vegetation in Varca
|Click on the image
Origins of inter-state migrant workers
|Click on the image
Calangute: land cover 1999
A hotel with a salt pan in the foreground
of salt in the khazans