Research areas

Major projects
News and Events


1Industrial Energy
1Environmental Studies
1Rural Extension Activity (REA)
1Centre for research on sustainable building science (CRSBS)
1Resource Efficient Process Technologies Application (REPTA)


Environmental Studies

Indoor air pollution and exposure assessment in Pondicherry
For London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine | December 2004 | 2004ES25

Indoor air pollution was measured, and exposure levels assessed, in select rural households in Pondicherry, India. The results of the exposure assessment study were fed into the larger epidemiological study’s objective to establish the age- and gender-specific prevalence rates of age-related macular degeneration (ARM) and its morphological types in the Indian setting. With prevalence of ARM among the elderly in India, the exposure assessment component of the study looked into the possible impact of smoke from biomass usage on the ARM in the study population. This is one of the very few studies in the country to assess the possible impacts of biomass smoke on ARM

Environmentally sustainable development of mines—a pilot study of BBH Mines of MEL
For Mineral Enterprises Limited, Chitradurga | July 2004 | 2004ES23

TERI completed this short-term pilot study for two mines in Chitradurga and Tumkur district for Mineral Enterprises Ltd—a private mining company that owns five mines in Karnataka. To achieve the objective of formulating an environmentally sustainable development plan for these mines, a holistic approach of understanding the environmental and socio-economic parameters was undertaken. Following were the components and the objectives under each component.

Air: Gather baseline information on ambient air pollution, and suggest suitable recommendations to mitigate and reduce emissions.
Noise: Assess the ambient noise levels.
Water: Suggest improved feasible technology for settling water used for processing. Gather baseline information on water quality in the adjoining areas. Provide recommendations and design guidelines for conservation of water by employing rainwater harvesting techniques.
Solid waste: Study the composition of waste, evaluate alternative uses, and suggest means of utilizing these waste for making useful products while involving the community.
Social: Asses socio-economic status of the region, study the impact of mining on health, suggest schemes/community development programmes with local inputs, and broaden scope of company’s involvement with locals

Air quality monitoring and emission source apportionment study: Bangalore
For Indian Oil Corporation Ltd.| May 2005 | 2004EE28

This pioneering project’s aim was to find out the relative contribution of various pollution sources to the overall air pollution load in Bangalore. Supported by a consortium of oil companies and coordinated by Indian Oil Corporation (IOC), the project included representatives from central government bodies like the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) and Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF) for monitoring purposes.

The project encompassed the measurement of baseline air pollutants and air toxicity levels in different parts of Bangalore, including ‘hot spots’ on kerb sides, and inventorying various pollutants. Extensive mathematical simulation models were used to project emission inventories, while taking into account vehicle population/improvement in vehicle technology, fuel quality changes, and other activities that impact ambient air quality thereof. The models were also used to conduct source apportionment study of particulate matter (PM10).

The two-year long study aided in informed decision making in evolving efficient and feasible solutions to ensure better environment for the city of Bangalore

To develop an integrated water resource system for Microsoft’s campus at Hyderabad
For Microsoft India (R&D) Pvt Ltd | September 2004–January 2005 | 2004ES24

Microsoft India (R&D) Pvt. Ltd was involved in developing a software development facility on a 45-acre site in Hyderabad. The first phase of development included a 350,000 sq. ft building for 1500 individuals. Two more phases of similar capacity were taken up immediately on completion of Phase-1. TERI developed a complete master plan for water management with a detailed design for maximum rainwater, which can be harvested within the premises; and integrated it with water supply and a wastewater distribution scheme. The specific tasks of the project included

– An estimation of the total quantity of rainwater that could be collected on campus;
– Development of a master plan for rainwater harvesting, treatment, and management within the campus;
– An evaluation of the costs and benefits of utilizing the rainwater, together with the treated STP effluent for irrigation, flushing, and as makeup water for Phase-2 water-cooled HVAC system;
– Development of a system to integrate the rainwater harvesting system with the wastewater and water supply scheme for all utilities including HVAC system; and
– An evaluation of detailed design and drawings for implementation of the water management scheme

Performance evaluation and revamping of effluent treatment plant (ETP)
For Telco Construction Equipment Co. Ltd. (TELCON)| January 2005 to April 2005 | 2004ES26

International Flower Auction Complex (iFAB) for Karnataka Agro Industries Ltd.,(KAIC)
Funded by APEDA, Govt of India |October 2001 [ongoing] | 2001BO88

This is a total turnkey concept-to-commissioning project for providing consultation and management services to establish a state-of-art International flower auction (iFAB) complex at Bangalore for the government of Karnataka. It is a first-of-its-kind facility in the country. TERI's role is to conceptualize and design the whole facility incorporating:
– Building design with eco-friendly passive architectural elements to make it highly energy efficient and environment friendly;
– Development of schemes for online, real-time, Internet-based auction, and assistance to the client in implementation of this facility.
The scope includes total project management, including specifications, process evaluation, tendering, contract selection, and implementation supervision.

Solid waste management in a colony as a CSR initiative
For Intel technology India Pvt. Ltd | June 2005–February 2006 | 2005ES24

Together with Intel Technology India Pvt. Ltd and APSA, an NGO that focuses on the development of street children, child labourers, and children in distress, TERI researchers addressed the problem of solid waste management in a colony situated at the Krishna Raja Puram CMC, Bangalore district. As part of their corporate social responsibility (CSR) initiative, Intel volunteers participated in conducting door-to-door surveys. TERI formulated a plan for efficient solid waste management and provided training in specific recycling techniques to APSA. TERI and APSA also created awareness among the community on waste segregation and recycling.

State of the Environment (SoE) report and action plan for Karnataka
For The Department of Environment and Forests, Govt of Karnataka| October 2002–June 2004 | 2002ES24

TERI contributed in areas on air quality and indoor air pollution, industrial pollution, and mining and quarrying sectors of the State of the Environment (SoE) report and action plan for Karnataka. The report forms the basis for formulation of environmental policy for the government of Karnataka.

As part of the National Host Institute, the environmental studies (ES) group is also involved as a facilitating agency in the SoE report preparation for the state of Kerala and the Union Territory of Lakshadweep.

Regional environmental and social assessment of the Karnataka watershed development project
For The World Bank| January–June 2001 | 2000BO89

The study involved extensive field surveys and stakeholder meetings/workshops to evolve a framework for development of watershed development plans in villages across five districts of Karnataka.

Policy recommendations for integration of ICT initiatives in rural Karnataka
For Panasia / IDRC| February 2004–March 2005 | 2003ES10

Various information communication technology (ICT) initiatives across rural Karnataka, including software applications, hardware installation, manpower training, and infrastructure availability were studied in detail.

Village surveys were conducted to identify gaps between consumer needs and services provided. Financial sustainability of each project was also studied. Based on these, policies and institutional mechanisms were recommended to promote integration of ICT initiatives across the state, which would ensure sustainability of the initiatives, as well as provide maximum benefit to the end-users.

Integrated capacity strengthening for the clean development mechanism in southern India
For Institute for Global Environmental Strategies, Japan | April to December 2005 | 2005GW26

The main objective of this project was to strengthen systemic, institutional, and human capacity for implementing clean development mechanism (CDM) projects in southern India, through activities such as:

- Providing information and raising awareness on CDM;
- Implementing actions to support institutional networks for CDM;
- Contributing to training and human resource development to operationalize CDM; and
- Supporting CDM project identification, development, and implementation activities.

As part of the initiative, TERI organized a training workshop in Bangalore from 26–27 July 2005. The forum provided an opportunity for state-level nodal agencies, policymakers, project developers, consultants, and financing agencies to share experiences and concerns, with a special focus on South India.

Himalaya and You
For The Himalaya Drug Company | August 2004–October 2005 | 2004ES22

A programme that focuses on environment-health linkages was conducted in 10 schools and four colleges of Bangalore. Over the course of one year, students were provided information on the links between human health and water pollution, water scarcity, air pollution, and soil pollution. Interesting competitions such as street theatre, banner painting, photography, and researching nature were conducted. Students were also taken on field visits to waste water treatment facilities.

For Hindustan Coca-Cola Beverages Pvt. Ltd | May 2005–February 2006 | 2005ES22

Under the project, rooftop rainwater harvesting systems were constructed in five schools of Bangalore, and awareness on water conservation was generated among students in 13 schools. Technical workshops on design of rooftop rainwater harvesting systems were conducted for almost 200 children. In each of the 13 schools, assembly programmes and other awareness drives focusing on water conservation were conducted.

CDM project developers workshop
For World Business Council for Sustainable Development | January–February 2005 | 2004ES27

The World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD), the International Emissions Trading Association (IETA), and TERI organized a training workshop on clean development mechanism (CDM) in TERI, Bangalore on 3 February 2005.

The workshop aimed to enhance private sector participation in CDM by improving understanding of CDM, its underlying concepts, eligibility criteria, and how companies can engage in the mechanism. The workshop was attended by 25 participants from sectors as diverse as cement, electricity, ferroalloys, bio-fuels, and coir technology.

For Water Supply and Sanitation collaborative Council

In order to address the issue of water, sanitation, and hygiene in urban low-income schools in a comprehensive manner, a pilot was undertaken at a government school in Bangalore, catering to 1,400 children. A block of eight toilets was constructed for girl students to address the issue of inadequate sanitation infrastructure. Per capita availability of water was increased from less than 1litre/day to almost 3 litres/day, through a rooftop rainwater harvesting system linked to the toilets.

Commitment was received from the school authorities towards maintaining the constructed infrastructure. Information on systems that needed to be followed in order to monitor personal hygiene amongst students, as well as involve them in maintaining the cleanliness of school premises, was disseminated among teachers. Group games and activities for various age-groups of students to stress on the importance of water, sanitation, and hygiene were also undertaken.

Environmental impact and soil conservation study
For The Mysore Paper Mills Limited, Bhadravati, Karnataka | November 2003–February 2004 | 2003ES21

In order to increase raw material availability and reduce the pollution load on the nearby river, a study at the Mysore Paper Mills Limited (MPML) revealed that the treated water from the effluent treatment plant (ETP) could aid the growth of tolerant species. Unique soil column tests were conducted to analyse the impact on soil by application of treated effluent. The study did not reveal any notable negative impacts of treated effluent on soil and groundwater quality.

Since data on the long-term environmental effects of effluent-irrigated plantations was not available, either in India or internationally, it was recommended that treated water be used for the eucalyptus plantation on a pilot-scale initially, with specified environmental management plans. This could be scaled up based on the results obtained during the pilot.

Rapid environmental impact assessment (REIA) Study
For The Indian Machine Tools Manufacturing Association, Bangalore | Apr.2005 [ongoing] | 2005ES21

In order to assess the environmental and socio-economic impacts that may result from the proposed project in the study area, a rapid environmental impact assessment (REIA) has been conducted for the Centre of Excellence proposed by The Indian Machine Tools Manufacturing Association (IMTMA). The REIA focused on a study area of 10 km radius around the project. Environmental monitoring and assessment was conducted over one season with a view to identify, predict, and evaluate the impacts. Subsequently, an environmental management plan was outlined to minimize any adverse effects.

Performance evaluation and revamping of effluent treatment plant (ETP)
For Telco Construction Equipment Co. Ltd. (TELCON)| 3 January–1 April 2005 | 2004ES26

TERI has carried out the performance evaluation and revamping of ETP, and has put forward recommendations to cope with high total dissolved solids/electrical conductivity, chlorides, and low pH wastewater. The low-cost recommendations were implemented in the field, and it was successfully demonstrated that the treated water met the regulatory standards consistently.

In addition to the enhancement in treatment performance, energy savings were also achieved through this study.

DST Project

The project involves laboratory-scale experiments on degradation of chlorinated pesticides namely, Endosulfan and Lindane. Various chemical technologies like Fenton, photocatalysis, ozonation, and bimetallic reduction would be tried. The degradation pathways, intermediates, and end-products would also be explored and identified.

AEQM Study

An area-wide environment quality management (AEQM) plan for the limestone mining belts of Gulbarga, Bijapur, and Bagalkot regions has been prepared to assess the impacts of limestone mining and cement industries on the environment of the area, and to structure a set of management strategies to improve it.

Carbon footprint

To calculate GHG emissions (CO2 equivalents) of an MNC, Bangalore in order to suggest measures to reduce emissions.