Policy  Brief Perspectives on a Water Resource Policy for India - TERI Perspectives on a Water Resource Policy for India - TERI
This is a series of policy briefs by TERI based on its research work in specific areas. These briefs are being made available to members of parliament, policy-makers, regulators, sectoral experts, civil society and the media. The purpose is to focus on key issues and list our policy recommendations to encourage wider discussion and debate. Your comments and suggestions will be of immense value.

December 2016

Water Neutral Electricity Production in India: Avoiding the Unmanageable

Indian Power sector is dominated by coal based thermal power plants, constituting 87% of total installed capacity of 200.7 Gigawatt (GW), as on 31st January 2016. In India, production of coal has increased by 7.5 times and production of electricity has increased by 13 times since 1970-71. Furthermore, Niti Aayog projects that the total installed capacity for electricity generation in the country will range from 300-700 GW by 2047 under different policy initiative scenarios. Considering the practicality of implementation, even with best of efforts to diversify the fuel and technology mix in the power generation sector, India would continue to rely heavily on coal based electricity generation, accounting for atleast 50-60% of the total capacity.

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