Policy  Brief Perspectives on a Water Resource Policy for India – TERI Perspectives on a Water Resource Policy for India – TERI
This is a series of policy briefs by TERI based on its research work in specific areas. These briefs are being made available to members of parliament, policy-makers, regulators, sectoral experts, civil society and the media. The purpose is to focus on key issues and list our policy recommendations to encourage wider discussion and debate. Your comments and suggestions will be of immense value.

February 2016

Swachh Bharat Mission (Urban) Towards Cleaning India: A Policy Perspective

The United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals have emphasized on the achievement of universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water and adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all 1(Box 1). India has been able to achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) in the water sector, but it has been lagging in the sanitation sector. According to the recently launched Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP)2 update (2015), about 564 million people practice open defecation in India out of 946 million open defecators of the world. As of 2015, about 10 percent of urban population of 419 million resort to open defecation (OD) in India. 3 As India becomes more urbanized, issues of discharge of sewage will increase. By the year 2050, the number of people living in Indian cities is expected to be about 840 million. In order to accommodate this ever increasing.

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