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Urban air quality management: a case study of Pune

Sharma S and Panwar T S , 2006

Environmental Pollution Control Journal 9 (5)

Abstract

Urban air quality is an issue of major concern across many cities and towns in the developing countries, including India. In particular, high levels of particulate matter (both SPM and RSPM) are responsible for non-compliance against air quality standards. This paper suggests various air quality management options that can be applicable to major urban centers which are at present most affected by the deteriorating air quality. As an example, Pune city is chosen, which is a top-ten urban agglomerate in India (based on population). Analysis of ambient air quality is carried out and the causal factors for poor air quality are determined. In order to highlight the gravity of the problem, the health impacts due to exposure to particulate matter emissions in Pune city are estimated, and economic evaluation of health damage is done. Sectoral emission loads are estimated for transport, industrial, and domestic sectors, which provide an estimate of the major contributors to air pollution with specific reference to particulate matter, which is a major pollutant of concern. A detailed scenario analysis is carried out to estimate the changes in emissions that would take place due to various interventions. On the basis of the above exercise, an air quality management plan is developed that specifically accounts for factors contributing to deterioration of air quality in Pune. This overall assessment of the air quality issues for Pune can provide useful insights for the development of the air quality management plan for other cities as well.