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Assessing the lignocellulosic biomass resources potential in developing countries: A critical review

Ullah Kifayat, Sharma Vinod Kumar, Dhingra Sunil, Braccio Giacobbe,Ahmad Mushtaq , Sofia Sofi , 2015

Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol 51: 682–698P.

Abstract

This review paper analyses the potential environmental impacts and economic viability of producing biofuel from lignocellulosic biomass resources in various countries of the world. In many developed and developing countries, lignocellulosic biomass is a significant feedstock for bioenergy used in industrial sector for power generation but the fact remains that the detail study on current status of lignocellulosic utilization for bioenergy industry is still estimated and partial. In this context, the present study focuses its efforts to have country based database able to provide a detail and comprehensive information on country specific agricultural policies, residue production and their utilization in different energy sectors. Much more information will have to be gathered on the use and availability of residues, and also, taking into consideration the strong need for R&D on lignocellulosic resources based biofuel production, a comprehensive survey of innovative technologies based on both thermochemical and biochemical processes, able to convert lignocellulosic biomass resources into green biofuel, is discussed?

Keyword(s)

Raw materials; Conversion technologies; Biofuel; Policies; Socio-economic aspects