Press Releases

  • TERI develops nutritious, cholesterol reducing rapeseed mustard variety

    Indian kitchens can soon sizzle with a nutritious quality of rapeseed-mustard oil. After more than a decade of research, scientists at TERI have successfully developed a new variety of Brassica napus (Gobhi-Sarson) and have christened it "TERI-Uttam".

    What makes it significant is that this variety is more nutritious and has a better fatty acid profile than the existing varieties growing in Indian fields.

    The quality of edible oils basically depends on its content of different fatty acids. The saturated fatty acids are harmful as it aids deposition of cholesterol in the arteries. Oil from TERI-Uttam helps reduce cholesterol with its polyunsaturated fatty acids.

    The oil quality is comparable to the internationally recognized 'Canola' quality oil.

    TERI-Uttam will also earn more foreign exchange for India as the oilcake out of rapeseed-mustard that is now exported fetches less price because of the high glucosinolate content which is a sulphur containing compound. The new variety will on the other hand fetch a higher price both in the domestic and the international market with its properties that have more nutrition and low glucosinolate.

    TERI-Uttam has shown enormous potential under the multilocation testing of All India Coordinated Research Project on Rapeseed-Mustard, Indian Council of Agricultural Research. It is not only nutritionally superior as compared to the presently cultivated varieties in India, but also has high oil content and matures early in 135 days as compared to the conventional varieties of Gobhi Sarson, which take 150-160 days for maturity. Due to early maturity it will be well suited to grow in mustard growing areas and the yield is 20% more than the Brassica napus National Check variety GSL-1.

    India imports 45-50 lakh tonnes of edible oil worth Rs. 8 to 10 thousand crores every year. Due to high oil content, TERI-Uttam gives 25% higher oil yield than the Brassica napus national check variety GSL-1 and 5% higher oil yield than popularly grown Brassica juncea variety, Varuna.

    Apart from providing a healthier cooking medium, it will also bridge the yawning gap between supply and demand of the oil. Above all, the oil has low erucic acid (<2%), high oleic acid (~60%), and moderate amount of essential linoleic and linolenic acids which makes it nutritionally beneficial besides prolonging its shelf life.

    On the oilseed map of the world, India occupies a prominent position, both in terms of production and consumption. Brassica, commonly known as rapeseed-mustard, is the second most important edible oilseed crop in India after groundnut. TERI-Uttam is ready for commercial production.