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  • TERI and NEDO hold the 'Third India-Japan Energy Forum' to create opportunities for technological cooperation in areas of energy conservation and renewable energy

    15 February 2010

    Building on the success of the first two India-Japan Energy Forums, TERI (The Energy and Resources Institute), India and NEDO (New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization), Japan organized the3rd India-Japan Energy Forum. The earlier editions of the Forum focused on issues related to the respective national policies on energy, energy conservation, and climate change. The two Forums helped strengthen the cooperative relations between the countries in the energy field. The 3rd of the series, focused on the theme of technology cooperation. The forum was inaugurated by, Mr. Vijai Sharma, Secretary, Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India. Present at the inaugural session were Mr B K Chaturvedi, Member (Energy), Planning Commission, Government of India, Mr. T. Ueda, Director General for Energy and Environmental Policy, Agency for Natural Resources and Energy (ANRE), Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI),Japan, Mr. T. Fukumizu, President, NEDO, Dr R K Pachauri, Director General, TERI, and Mr. Girish Sethi, Director, TERI.

    Welcoming the participants, Dr R K Pachauri, Director-General TERI said, We are happy that this forum has gained importance as it brings together India and Japan, particularly in the fields of energy efficency and renewable energy. During the oil price rise in 1970's, Japan considerably brought down its energy intensity. I believe that the future of both, global and Indian economy, we have to find major shift in energy economy. Seeing the current climate scenario, it is certain that we would be affected by it. Low- carbon future will facilitate co-benefits like generating employment, etc. Japan has the experience of developing major technologies and induct these technologies in their economy. "

    In his inaugural address, Mr. Vijai Sharma, Secretary, Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India said, Our aim is to identify opportunities for technological cooperation in energy efficiency and renewables. It is very important for ensuring equitable opportunities and sustaining growth. This is an ideal platform for both countries to share knowledge, nurture ideas, etc. The growing participation shows a strong desire for technological cooperation. My strong plead is that as we extend our cooperation in energy, environment management should be the centre stage". In India, we are preparing several missions and activities in energy efficiency and its relevance comes from significant impacts that it will have on climate change. We welcome cooperation with Japan at the national level. We have been looking at sectoral level, as a voluntary stand point."

    In his keynote address, Mr B K Chaturvedi, Member (Energy), Planning Commission, Government of India said, Japanese have an enormous capacity for technology innovation and energy efficiency. The Planning Commission is looking at the following challenges: 'inclusive' growth, how to use energy efficiently. This is a three-way challenge as increased income is leading to more energy demand and we need to see how energy can be used efficiently. We have set up groups of experts who are looking at low-carbon technology, transport, etc. In energy sector, the energy efficiency programme has 3 components: (i) challenge of efficient use of coal which is the main source of fuel. But we are slowly shifting from sub-critical to super-critical boilers. (ii) in the automobile sector, we have moved towards the Euro 4 and will be moving towards Euro 5 in the near future. (iii) use of consumer and capital goods need to be energy efficient. We must have our equipments highly energy efficient to reduce energy consumption. At present, India consumes around 650 billion units out of which only 27-30 billion units comprise of renewable energy. We will try to maximize the use of renewable energy in the near future."

    It provided an opportunity to introduce and discuss various Japanese schemes at the national level that promote technology cooperation between the two countries. In addition, the Forum was an excellent opportunity for the Japanese technology suppliers to showcase their technologies for the benefit of the Indian industry. Nearly 15 Japanese companies also exhibited their products and technologies in the field of energy efficiency and renewables. The Forum focused on the following overarching themes:

    • Climate change and technology cooperation
    • Technology transfer and deployment
    • Barriers and opportunities
    • Business matching opportunities in industrial, renewable, and power sector

    According to the Integrated Energy Policy, India needs to increase its energy supply by three to four times by 2031 to meet the sustained growth scenario. Conserving energy is perhaps one of the best and most cost-efficient ways to partly meet this requirement. Mainstreaming renewable energy technologies like wind, solar, small hydro, and biomass offers enormous economic, social, and environmental benefits. India is already making rapid strides in terms of deploying various renewable energy technologies. The National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC), unveiled by the Government of India earlier, lays special emphasis on both energy efficiency and promotion of renewable energy technologies. Two separate missions, one each focusing on energy efficiency and renewable energy, have been set up to accelerate activities in these two fields. Japan is also committed to reducing its greenhouse gas emissions and has extremely ambitious targets to improve its energy efficiency. Japan was one of the first countries to enact the Energy Conservation Law (regarding the rational use of energy) in 1979. This law, which was modified in 2005, aims to promote efficient use of energy by implementing necessary guidelines/ policies for industry, commercial buildings, equipment, and machinery manufacturers. Being one of the foremost countries in technology development, Japan is an ideal partner for India in its endeavour to achieve energy efficiency and promote renewable energy technologies. With these realities in the background, the Energy Forum is expected to be an ideal platform to promote technology cooperation between the industry stakeholders of the two countries. The Forum aimed to contribute to the broader goal of cooperation between the two countries in the field of energy through exchange of knowledge and technology in this field. The Forum helped create business opportunities by creating an enabling policy environment. From the climate change perspective, it has now been widely recognized globally that low carbon technologies have a central role to play in reducing the carbon dioxide emissions. Since rapid growth is occurring in developing countries, major investments in the power, industrial, and renewable energy sectors are expected over the coming decades in these countries. It is, therefore, of utmost importance that cooperative activities involving introduction of new technologies, between developed countries like Japan and developing countries like India, gain momentum.

    The Forum provided an opportunity to explore opportunities for technological cooperation between various agencies from India and Japan in specific sectors like renewable energy, industry, and power. Around 300 participants from organisations like Japan Bank for International Cooperation, Marubeni Tekmatex Corporation, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Ltd., Toshiba Corporation, Panasonic Electric works co, NTPC, Tata BP Solar, Indian Wind Energy Association, etc participated in the forum.

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