Project Profile

Project Title Mainstreaming Community-Conserved Areas for Biodiversity Conservation in Nagaland
Project Code 2016SF07
Project Status Ongoing
Start Date July 2016
Sponsor(s) Global Environment Facility

In Nagaland, despite traditional conservation and wise-use practices to protect biodiversity over centuries, rampant hunting, forest degradation and tree felling are greatly threatening the State’s biodiversity. The revival of traditional conservation practices through the creation of Community-Conserved Areas (CCAs), however, offers hope for conservation, as communities set aside parcels of forests within productive, jhum (shifting cultivation) landscapes. CCAs face numerous challenges---in their creation, effectiveness and sustainability. To ensure the future of Nagaland’s CCAs and thereby its biodiversity, a multi-pronged approach including alternative livelihood opportunities through the development of wildlife tourism, legal recognition, ecological restoration, and long-term ecological monitoring is required. The objectives of this project are to support community-based conservation to:

mobilise support for the formation of CCAs including larger networks of contiguous forest patches in Zunheboto district;

revive traditional conservation practices (e.g. hunting bans during the breeding season);

develop community-based ecotourism initiatives;

formalise and mainstream a network of CCAs along with the Nagaland Government and the Forest Department.

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