Rajasthan: Towards sustainable livelihood
group members at Maheshwara, Dausa
Baba SHG, Gotekapura, Dholpur
The RRLP is phased across 17 districts of which seven districts - Dausa, Dholpur, Sawai Madhopur, Tonk, Banswara, Churu and Udaipur - each representing different agro - climatic zones, were identified for the detailed study. One sample block from each of these districts was identified and a total of 33 villages in the seven blocks were covered with focus group discussions in 62 SHGs/CIGs (common interest groups). A detailed review of the central and state laws and regulations relevant to the project was carried out. An overview of the environmental status of the district was also undertaken i.e. water resources, agriculture, forest cover, pasturelands and fodder for livestock, and mineral production.
members, Mathbaadri, Dholpur
Another aspect of the project was the creation of proactive environmental subprojects which would enable the SHG members to increase their incomes. Given the water scarcity in the state, groundwater recharge, rainwater harvesting, fodder management and organic farming were proposed. These subprojects are to be implemented at a pilot scale and the level of intervention is to be identified and accordingly, scaling up undertaken.
A monitoring system has been proposed, wherein, on a biannual basis the district environment coordinator will review the EMF implementation, identify gaps and rectify problems. A total of ten such monitoring exercises are to be undertaken in five years. At the end of the third and fifth year, an external audit will be conducted by an outside agency, to evaluate the overall effectiveness of the EMF, the mitigation measures and ways to strengthen the EMF. A set of performance indicators have been developed to monitor the effectiveness of EMF implementation for all components like the process of environmental appraisal, implementation of proactive environmental subprojects etc.
A budget for the effective implementation of EMF has been estimated at Rs 510,64,000. This includes costs towards training and capacity building, internal monitoring, external audits, outreach activities and promotion of proactive environmental subprojects. A detailed list of activities to be carried out for the successful implementation of EMF has also been prepared for the five year duration.
The RRLP is yet to be implemented. TERI has completed its study and submitted its report, but other assessments are still on.
- To conduct an environmental assessment in seventeen districts of Rajasthan in the context of livelihoods of the poor. It also aims to identify the environment-livelihood linkages.
- To prepare Technical Environmental Guidelines (TEGs) for addressing environmental issues in the livelihood options to be promoted under this project.
- To develop an Environmental Management Framework (EMF)/Plan, i.e. a set of procedures for environmental appraisal during planning and implementation of activities supported by the project.
- It is a detailed set of procedures or strategies for environmental appraisal of activities at the producer-organizational level or those promoted by Self Help Groups (SHGs) and Cluster Development Organization (CDOs). It includes capacity building, monitoring, and ensuring the promotion of environment-friendly activities as pilot sub-projects.
- Prior to funding a livelihood activity, it is essential to develop a natural resource inventory at the village level in order to identify the livelihood activities that should be promoted.
- Every livelihood activity should undergo the environmental appraisal process comprising screening and assessment.
- Few proactive environmental sub-projects at pilot scale should be demonstrated.
- Regular internal and external monitoring is important in order to avoid any emerging environmental/livelihood challenges.
- Capacity building and training of all stakeholders and beneficiaries is essential. The linkage between natural resources with livelihood opportunities should be made public.
Water stored in Kund, Kunnu SHG, Jharira, Churu