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India and China are the most decisive factors

‘Climate change’ is the buzz word today. According to reports of the International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), there is enough scientific evidence to prove that the matter is serious and needs immediate global action. As the Copenhagen Conference has started, every international leader is keen to be in the centre of the talks on climate change. However, one thing remains unclear—who will do what and by when, to save the planet from global warming.

India and China are the most decisive countries, not only because of their size and hence the capacity to contribute to the climate change, but also because of their current growth rate. In the next two decades, these two developing giants are supposed to reach a stage where other developed countries stand today. The large investments flowing into these countries carry huge social and human costs. Projects often involve involuntary resettlement, mostly of poorer groups, with its potentially impoverishing impacts. In the fast-track race for development being currently pursued, it is critical that the interests of people displaced in the process are adequately protected. Development-induced displacement, resettlement and rehabilitation will be a major challenge for both the nations in pursuing their developmental goals.

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