COP18 - Measurement and Performance Tracking (MAPT) Partner Workshop
The workshop was divided into two thematic areas. The first concentrated on a focussed dialogue between partners and colleagues from the MAPT countries (including Ethiopia, India, South Africa, Brazil, and Thailand) on domestic systems for measuring GHG emissions and tracking progress towards low-carbon development goals. Partner countries shared their experiences, challenges, and best practices in national MRV mechanisms, national inventories, institutional mechanisms, accounting at national and subnational levels, tracking of policy implementation, and so on. Ms Ritika Tewari and Manish Shrivastava (both from TERI) presented their views in the Indian context. The second session focussed on the World Resources Institute's current work on WRI's draft mitigation accounting guidelines for emission reductions from policies, actions, and goals.
The workshop began with presentations by MAPT country partners. Presentations revealed that national capacities, including need for effective institutions that could be engaged in MRV; technically sound and dedicated human resource availability; awareness within the designated agencies; coordination at the national, sub-national, and local levels; and limited financial capability were key barriers for designing effective domestic MRV systems in these countries. The second session outlined WRI's recent work on a 'Policy and Actions Standard' and a 'Mitigation Goals Standard'. The former aims to quantify and report GHG reductions from climate change mitigation actions (e.g., increased energy efficiency, increased renewable energy generation) and policies (e.g., performance standards, efficiency standards, emissions trading programs, and so on) while the latter would assist in tracking and reporting progress toward national and sub-national GHG reduction goals (e.g., goals stated in terms of emissions intensity, deviations from business-as-usual, absolute reductions from a base year, carbon neutrality).
The standards were launched in June 2012. The first drafts of both standards are open for public comments by January 2013 and would go into the first pilot test in 2013. (For more information, Click here). The standards aim to track performance of actions/policies towards GHG reduction goals, report GHG effects of actions, and assist in provision of support based on quantified reductions.
The type of policy effects considered in the 'Policies and Actions Standard' are intended effects, unintended effects, in-boundary effects, out-of-boundary effects, short-term effects and long-term effects. The standard has provision for three temporal boundaries, namely policy implementation period, policy monitoring period, and GHG assessment period. The GHG assessments can be at tier I, tier II, and tier III levels based on the degree of quantification possible.