United Nations Climate Change Conference - COP18 and CMP8


The 18th Conference of the Parties (COP 18) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the 8th Session of the Conference of the Parties serving as the Meeting of the Parties (CMP8) to the Kyoto Protocol were held at Doha, Qatar, from 26 November-7 December 2012. COP 18 brought together representatives from governments, international organizations, and civil society. The key issues before the COP 18 were (a) the closure of the work of the Ad-hoc Working Group on Long Term Cooperative Action (AWG-LCA) established under the Bali Action Plan agreed at COP 13 in 2007; (b) decision on the second commitment period to the Kyoto Protocol; and (c) elaboration on the work plan under the Ad-hoc Working Group on the Durban Platform (ADP) established at COP 17 last year at Durban to decide on the climate regime post 2020. Some of the key thematic issues under negotiation were the shape of NAMA registry; the operationalization of the Green Climate Fund; and the progress on the work under the Technology Executive Committee.

As such, the expectations from the COP were low. The AWG-LCA was closed with most of its work delegated to the permanent subsidiary bodies, the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technical Advice (SBSTA), and the Subsidiary Body for Implementation (SBI). Decision on the critical issues, such as long-term finance and mitigation commitments from developed countries were further postponed. The second commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol has been agreed upon, although its impact on bridging the 'ambition gap' is negligible. Work under the ADP has begun, but the decision is rather vague in its language. On technology, a consortium of institutes led by the UNEP has been selected for taking forward the Climate Technology Centre and Network (CTCN).

Continuing with the past tradition, TERI participated in various COP events, contributing towards a constructive dialogue on climate policy and action. For the length of the COP, the TERI exhibit at booth no. 108 in Hall 4 disseminated its research on climate change through posters and discussion papers. On 29 November, TERI co-organized a side event with the University of Cape Town, South Africa. Colleagues from TERI also participated actively in various side-events and workshops organized by various organizations. A summary of TERI's main activities at COP 18 is given below.

Side events and other participation information

TERI's side events (in collaboration with UCT)
Thursday, 29 November 2012
11:30-13:00hrs, Side event, Room 7
Contact: Mr Manish Shrivastava
Poverty, Climate Change and Knowledge Institutions
Most of the world's poor live in middle-income countries, which need to mitigate emissions, too, and not only adapt to the consequences of climate change. Climate action and poverty reduction continue as a trade-off. However, it is widely accepted that reducing poverty and addressing climate change (both mitigation as well as adaptation) require innovative solutions that can be customized and implemented at local level. Innovations, both in terms of conception and implementation of policy and technology, are critical. In addition to policy makers, the role of knowledge institutions too is vital in this regard. This side event discusses the policy concepts e.g. NAMA, CDM, SD-PAMs, and the role of knowledge institutions in catalyzing climate and poverty action. Read more

Other side events involving TERI
Wednesday, 28 November 2012
Secretariat, UNFCCC
Contact: Ms Ritika Tewari
The CDM Policy Dialogue: insights from the research programme
The event presented the highlights from the research programme for the CDM Policy dialogue. The Policy Dialogue team included Dr Prodipto Ghosh (Distinguished Fellow, TERI). Ms Ritika Tewari served as advisor, and in that capacity part of the coordination team of the event. The extensive work on 22 research questions was a key input in the panel's deliberations in formulating their recommendations. TERI conducted an assessment of sustainable development impacts of CDM and technology transfer in CDM projects under the Impacts of CDM theme. The event was chaired by Dr Prodipto Ghosh. The lead authors for the three sub-themes, i.e. Impacts of CDM, Governance of CDM, and Future Context presented the key research outcomes. There was an acknowledgement of the wealth of information that the research has provided on the mechanism. Discussions largely revolved around understanding the research methodology used for additionality assessment and financial aspects of the mechanism.

Friday, 30 November 2012
Qatar National Convention Centre, Hall 5
Contact: Mr Amit Kumar
Launch of the Clean Technology Centre and Network
This closed-door meeting launched the Clean Technology Centre and Network (CTCN). Establishment of the CTCN was decided through the COP decisions at Cancun and Durban. The consortia led by the UNEP has been awarded the task to take this work forward. TERI is part of the consortia. The meeting also served as the inception meeting for the CTCN.

Friday, 30 November 2012
Rataj Al Rayyan Hotel
Contact: Mr Manish Shrivastava
The Relevance of Trade in Creating an Enabling Environment for Access to Energy: Perspectives from Africa (Session organized by ICTSD)
Held on the sidelines of the COP 18, this ICTSD-organized roundtable discussed the essential components of an enabling environment for providing effective and meaningful access to sustainable energy sources, particularly in Africa. HE Ms Julia Duncan Cassell, Minister of Gender & Development, Liberia, shared the ongoing efforts in Liberia towards this end. Hugo Locas (IRENA) and William Battye (Climate Finance Analyst) shared their work and experience in African countries on off-grid solutions and cook stoves. They pointed out that over the long term, renewable energy options are the most cost-effective solutions, but they are still out of reach for many of the poor people. Sharing TERI's experience in India, South Asia, and Africa, particularly the LaBL Campaign, improved cook stoves, and gasifiers, Manish Shrivastava pointed out that proactive interventions with participatory business models aiming at building local capacities is the solution. Further, the role of trade in this direction is to ensure that best technologies are made accessible to the regions where they are needed the most. To this end, some sort of a cooperative technology trade (both goods and services) model needs to be developed.

Friday, 30 November 2012
Hotel Sheraton
Contact: Ms Suruchi Bhadwal
CARIAA Internal Meeting, IDRC and UK Aid
This was an internal project meeting to review the work in progress by different institutes, part of the consortia and decide upon the way forward. Ms Suruchi Bhadwal presented TERI's contribution to the project. Discussion revolved around the Scope of the Project, ToRs for conducting the study, Checking Overlaps in work across teams, and Revision of the Presentation.

Saturday, 1 December 2012
Hotel Intercontinental
Contact: Ms Suruchi Bhadwal
ADB Roundtable on Climate Action in South Asia, organized by the ADB
The purpose was to get the views of South Asian Representatives on the focal areas that ADB had identified for development for climate action in South Asia. Ms Suruchi Bhadwal from TERI participated as country representative for India. Following the presentations by Dr Mahfuz Mehmood (ADB), representatives from the South Asian countries contributed to the discussion. The discussions were moderated by Dr Q K Ahmad from Bangladesh. The event provided an overview of ADB's thoughts in terms of developing new programmes for the region in terms of both the objective to build resilience as well as promote mitigation.

Saturday, 1 December 2012
Qatar Sustainability Network
Doha Exhibition Centre
Contact: Mr Manish Shrivastava
Green Economy: an alternative view
This parallel event, organized by the Qatar Sustainability Network, discussed in a free flowing conversational mode, various aspects related to the concept of 'green economy' and 'green growth'. It deliberated upon the potential and important role that deliberative democracy and collective action can play in making the transition to green economy a truly inclusive development path while not compromising environmental integrity. The panelists included Lili Fuhr, (Head of Ecology and Sustainable Development, Heinrich B?ll Foundation) and Manish Shrivastava (Associate Fellow, TERI). The discussions were moderated by Sayeed Mohammed, of Qatar Environment and Energy Research Institute (QEERI).

Sunday, 2 December 2012
World Resources Institute
Merweb Hotel, Doha
Contact: Mr Manish Shrivastava, Ms Ritika Tewari
Measurement and Performance Tracking (MAPT) Partner Workshop
The workshop was divided into two thematic areas. The first concentrated on a focussed dialogue between partners and colleagues from the MAPT countries (including Ethiopia, India, South Africa, Brazil, and Thailand) on domestic systems for measuring GHG emissions and tracking progress towards low-carbon development goals. Partner countries shared their experiences, challenges, and best practices in national MRV mechanisms, national inventories, institutional mechanisms, accounting at national and subnational levels, tracking of policy implementation, and so on. Read more

Tuesday, 4 December 2012
Secretariat, UNFCCC
Contact: Ms Ritika Tewari
CDM Policy Dialogue: Ministerial Dialogue about the role of market mechanisms under UNFCCC
The ministerial dialogue was attended by Ministers from seven countries (EU, Japan, South Africa, Australia, China, Germany, and Grenada, along with two representatives from private sector (C-Quest Capita and Climate Capital) and Ms Joan MacNaughton (CDM Policy Dialogue Panel Vice-Chair). The event was moderated by Lord Nicholas Stern. The purpose of the Ministerial Dialogue was to share ideas and views about if and how market mechanisms have a role under UNFCCC. Read more

Wednesday, 5 December 2012
Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS)
China Pavilion
Contact: Mr Manish Shrivastava
Equitable and Efficient Access to Sustainable Development
This parallel event hosted by the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS) launched the Chinese and English version of the book, Equitable Access to Sustainable Development: Contribution to the Body of Scientific Knowledge. The book compiles contribution from the experts from BASIC countries made to the BASIC Experts Meeting hosted by China earlier this year. Read more

Discussion Papers/ Research Material/ Presentations
Role of Knowledge Institutions in Catalysing Climate and Development Action: The TERI Experience
Mitigation Talks: Series on Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions, Volume 3, issues 1-3
Breaking the Climate Deadlock: Analysing the Change-in Circumstances
The Future of Adaptation Finance
Empowering National and Local Institutions to promote SD from CDM
Green Growth and Development Quarterly
TERI Exhibit

Venue: Booth 108, Hall 4, Qatar National Convention Centre
26 November - 7 December 2012
Coordinator: Mr Manish Shrivastava , Ms Ritika Tewari

TERI, as a knowledge-based institution, has been working on climate change issues both in India and in Asia and Africa. The Exhibit Booth of TERI disseminated knowledge products and showcased interventions from TERI relevant to the climate policy and research domain, including climate negotiations, carbon markets, climate modelling , GHG mitigation, climate friendly development, adaptation, technology development and dissemination, energy policy, green growth, and so on.

Date: 26 Nov - 7 Dec 2012
Location: Doha, Qatar
Category: Conference


Mr Manish Shrivastava
Associate Fellow
Centre for Global Environment Research
Earth Science and Climate Change Division
E-mail mshrivas@teri.res.in