2nd India-Japan Energy Forum: Promoting Energy Efficiency in Industry
Special event during DSDS 2008
Japan presents Options for Energy Conservation
The 2nd India-Japan Energy Forum was organized by TERI and NEDO on 4 & 5 February at Hyatt Regency, New Delhi. Nearly 200 participants including around 70 from Japan participated in this high profile event. Mr Yoshitaka Shindo, Senior Vice Minister of Economy, Trade and Industry (MITI), Japan and Mr V Subramanian, Secretary, Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, Government of India inaugurated the Forum.
Given the importance of energy conservation, the deliberations focused on different technological options for improving energy efficiency in the industry, power generation and commercial buildings, and promoting renewable energy technologies in different end-use sectors. Representatives from India and Japan presented the industry status, energy consumption trends and energy efficiency improvement possibilities in different energy intensive industry sectors like iron and steel and cement.
Representatives from Japanese industries like Kobe Steel, Nisshin Steel, Taiheiyo Cement Corporation, Kyocera Corporation and Mitsubishi Heavy Industries (MHI) presented technological options that can be adopted for improving the efficiency of operation. Specific interest was on technologies like regenerative burners in steel sector, waste heat recovery options in the cement sector, use of heat pumps for heating/cooling applications and ultra super critical technology for power generation.
The forum provided an excellent platform for knowledge sharing amongst government officials, industry representatives, technology suppliers and support institutions on energy efficient technologies and policy frameworks to promote energy conservation. In his concluding remarks, Dr R K Pachauri, Director General, TERI and Chairman, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change stressed the need for undertaking detailed studies on technological gaps that exist in Indian industrial sectors like iron & steel, cement, chemicals and fertilizers as well as in the power sector and identify technological collaborative opportunities between India and Japan.
About the Workshop
Both India and Japan are dependent to a large extent on energy imports to meet their national energy requirements. As per the estimates of Planning Commission, Government of India (GoI), to ensure a sustained 8% growth of the economy, by 2031-32 India needs to increase its primary energy supply by 3 to 4 times and its electricity generation by 5 to 6 times of the 2003-04 levels. To limit the dependency on energy imports and contribute in meeting this energy challenge, the GoI is also laying a lot of emphasis on energy efficiency and demand side management. Efforts are being made to increase supply from renewable sources of energy and promote energy conservation in various consumption sectors through appropriate policy interventions. Japan is considered a world leader in terms of its efforts to conserve energy. It enacted the Energy Conservation Law way back in late seventies and has vast experience in introducing, enforcing and implementing laws and regulations governing energy conservation. Although energy conservation in Japan has already progressed to high levels, it is being felt that it is important to take further steps to conserve energy and address the issues facing Japan’s fragile energy supply structure. Given these circumstances, it is felt that both India and Japan have lots of opportunities to establish a cooperative relationship between the relevant governmental agencies and industries of both countries in the field of energy conservation.
With this background, the first India-Japan Energy Forum was organized by TERI (The Energy and Resources Institute) and NEDO (New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization) as a part of the cooperative activities to share information on the national energy policies and energy-related industries of both countries during 6-7 December 2006 in New Delhi, India. This was a notable event in that it was the first occasion where participants from both India and Japan gave presentations and exchanged views on various issues related to energy supply and conservation. The number of participants was about 250 representing the two governments as well as leading companies including manufacturers, trading houses and research institutions in related fields. The forum provided a platform for the participants from the two countries to share knowledge and ideas while also nurturing a common understanding between India and Japan in the energy sector. The enormous support received for the first forum clearly demonstrated the interest of the two countries in further developing cooperative programs in the energy sector.
The efforts of TERI and NEDO received a further boost during the visit of the Prime Minister of India to Japan in December 2006, wherein it was decided jointly by the two Governments to set up the “India-Japan Energy Dialogue”. The Dialogue is being co-chaired by Deputy Chairman, Planning Commission of India and the Minister of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI) of Japan and aims at promoting comprehensive cooperation in energy sector. The areas covered include (i) Electricity and Power Generation (ii) Energy Efficiency (iii) Coal (iv) Renewable energy and (v) Petroleum and natural gas. The Joint statements signed by the two governments subsequent to the visit recognized the efforts of NEDO and TERI and it was agreed that the Forum would continue its activities and provide inputs to the Energy Dialogue.
Under this backdrop, TERI and NEDO have decided to convene the 2nd India Japan Energy Forum in New Delhi on 4-5 February 2008. Given the importance of energy conservation, the Forum intends to focus on energy efficiency as a central theme. Representatives from India and Japan would present the industry status, energy consumption trends and energy efficiency improvement possibilities in the power sector, buildings sector and various energy intensive industrial sectors like iron and steel, cement, petrochemicals, refineries, pulp and paper etc. The forum will be an excellent platform for knowledge sharing amongst government officials, industry representatives, technology suppliers and support institutions on energy efficient technologies and policy frameworks to promote energy conservation.
A large number of participants both from India and Japan are expected to participate in the Forum, including nearly 100 from Japan. These include representatives from industry and industry associations, technology and equipment suppliers, relevant government departments and ministries, sectoral experts, consultants and academic institutions.