About - Biotechnology and Bioresources
With global population projections revised to 10 billion by 2050, food insecurity has emerged as a major challenge. How do we feed these numbers without degrading the environment further? How do we meet the demand for biofuels and other biomass in a carbon-constrained world?
The answer lies in sustainable agriculture and appropriate land utilization. The Division develops high yielding plant varieties, thus increasing the productive capacity of all types of land (including degraded land) using cost-effective eco-friendly microbial resources called mycorrhiza, along with undertaking agri-extension programmes for livelihood enhancement of marginal farmers.
The TERI–Deakin Nanobiotechnology Research Centre will substantially improve fungicides and pesticides to enhance the resource effi ciency of agricultural ecosystems. It will complement TERI's activities in genetic improvement of plants with food and fuel potential, and facilitate large-scale production of high quality micropropagated plants at TERI’s facilities (ISO 9000 certified).
TERI is establishing a bio-refi nery using wheat and rice residues as feedstock for ethanol production as a petrol substitute. It is also collecting, screening, and characterizing the microalgal gene pool for potential biodiesel production.