The Green India 2047 study series In 1997, TERI
undertook a major study called the GREEN India 2047 (GREEN –
Growth with Resource Enhancement of Environment and Nature), with
an objective to determine and quantify the extent of damage to India’s
natural resource base, which accompanied economic growth during
the first 50 years of independence (1947–97). The results
of this study were documented in a publication titled ‘looking
back to think ahead’. This study was followed by a ‘think
ahead’ component, documented in the form of DISHA
for sustainable development (DISHA – Directions,
Innovations, and Strategies for Harnessing Action), envisaging alternative
development options for adopting strategies that would lead to a
more sustainable future, presenting ‘base’ and ‘alternative’
scenarios for the period 1997–2047 and projected quantitatively
the status of our natural resources and environment.
The sequel to GREEN India 2047, GREEN India 2047 renewed: looking
back to change track, reviews the status of the environment
and natural resources to assess the gains and losses since 1997.
Through this study, TERI examined if the country indeed has changed
track to a more sustainable path when compared with the first 50
years of development, since 1947. It also identifies areas for further
action and suggests ways to gather and sustain a critical momentum
for a positive change.
Taking the GREEN India project forward, TERI is presently conducting
a study under the aegis of ICSD, with an aim to analyze the damage
or enhancement in the state of India’s natural capital over
the last decade (1997-2007), both in physical and economic terms.
And thereby suggest strategies that help the country move on a more
sustainable path. In addition the present study will also analyze
the energy and climate change challenge with a view to examine low
carbon pathways for India.
The analysis contained under TERI’s GREEN India project will
be used over a period of time in various documentations under the
Inputs for the 13th Finance Commission, Government of India
The Finance Commission is set up with the mandate to examine ‘the
need to improve the quality of public expenditure to obtain better
outputs and outcomes’. It is a premiere commission responsible
for identifying the flow of funds between the Center and States
in India. The 13th Finance Commission established, under the chairmanship
of Dr Vijay Kelkar, lays emphasis on the need to manage ecology,
environment, and climate change vis-à-vis sustainable development
amongst its terms of reference. In this regard, TERI is about to
complete a yearlong study under the aegis of ICSD, which will be
provided as inputs to the 13th Finance Commission.
ICSD and CCICED The India Council draws inspiration
from the CCICED and seeks to work in close coordination with the
China Council, to help forge a common understanding between India
and China with regard to prime sustainability issues. As a step
in that direction, the India Council launched its first collaborative
project with CCICED, "Environment for Development: India and
China" in the month of September 2008, and is now in its interim
stage. This yearlong study would draw commonalities, differences
and lessons that both India and China can learn from each other
in the context of environment and development nexus in the two countries.
It would also highlight the state and trends of the environment
in the last decade thereby suggesting and charting a low carbon
pathway for India and China. The results of the study would be presented
in form of a joint publication with respective sections on India
and China, along with a common chapter on “Commonalities and
Newsletter series With an objective of creating
awareness and disseminating information on issues of environment
and development pertinent for India, the Council Secretariat, publishes
a biannual newsletter, which along with raising issues of concern
also puts forth, point of views, of various experts on these issues.
The newsletter is also a medium through which the readers are informed
about the current activities of the Council. The first issue under
the Newsletter series released in December 2008, focuses on
‘Energy transformations for India – responding to energy
security and climate challenges’.